What are the Tigers
• What are the Tigers
Bear firmly entrenched in our minds and in the minds of foreigners as one of the symbols of Russia. I am not referring to United Russia, and our beautiful country. But if the bear number one animal, what animal is number two? I would be in second place put a tiger. Yes, we are lucky to live in a country where it is found an amazing animal. And, of all feline on earth our Siberian tiger is the largest and, in my opinion, the most beautiful.
The Tigers - exclusively Asian species. They once lived throughout India, in much of eastern China and the Korean Peninsula, on the whole territory of South-East Asia, the islands of Sumatra and Java, in the east of Russia from Lake Baikal to the Sea of Okhotsk, in the area south of the Caspian Sea in Iran and Azerbaijan, as well as in Kazakhstan, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia.
Today tigers live in 16 states - Russia, Thailand, China, North Korea, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Iran, Indonesia, India, Vietnam, Bangladesh and Bhutan.
The number of tigers in the wild has dropped dramatically over the past 100 years. Basically, the reason was the people. Three of the nine tiger subspecies have been completely destroyed, and four of the six surviving subspecies are endangered. Especially a lot of tigers killed in India in the early twentieth century by British colonizers, who was a favorite pastime. Chinese tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis) - the rarest subspecies. Furthermore, presumably this is a rare wild cat, found in nature. According to the most optimistic forecasts in the wild, they have no more than 30 individuals. Most likely in the next few years this cat cavity disappears.
Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) - the smallest subspecies. His weight is not more than 120-130 kg, which is two times less than, for example, our Siberian tiger. This subspecies inhabits the island of Sumatra, which is obvious from the title. The number of Sumatran tigers is 400-500 individuals, and continues to decline. The main reason - poaching.
or Ussuri tiger Amur (Panthera tigris altaica) - as you probably know - the largest not only the tiger, but also a representative of the cat family. Mainly lives in Russia (Amur region, the Jewish Autonomous Region, Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territory), which held a huge work to preserve subspecies, and is also found in north-eastern China and in North Korea. In the wild, they have about 600-700 individuals, with about 500 living on a single (non-split) habitat that can help save the subspecies.
Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni) - is found only in the southern part of the Malaysian Malay Peninsula. It is considered the third largest subspecies - about 800 individuals.
Indochinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti). Quite numerous subspecies that lives in Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Myanmar, China, Laos and Vietnam. To date, there are about 1300-1500 individuals.
Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) - the only subspecies that is not yet in danger of extinction. Their number is about 2,500 individuals, which is slightly less than half of all people living in the wild tigers. Although, according to Indian government reports, there may be more than 4000. They live these tigers in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar.
tiger hunting is prohibited in all countries where they live. However, poachers still manage to kill them. Unfortunately, the demand for skins, stuffed animals and some bodies are still high in China.
It is interesting that in captivity live three times more tigers than in the wild. In the US alone more than 10,000 individuals live as pets, in zoos and circuses.