Incredible pillars - sights that can be seen in Russia
According to the number of natural objects Russia is in fourth place in the world. A special place among the natural attractions occupy the posts. They can be seen in various parts of the country, to get to them is not so easy, but the spectacle is really impressive.
Rock formations Manpupuner 7 represent giant stone pillars located on the flat plateau west of the Ural mountains in the Trinity-Pechorsk area Komi. About 200 million years ago, this place was a high mountain. Natural weathering due to rain, snow, wind and temperature changes gradually destroyed the soft rock mountain, from which there were only stone pillars of solid sericite schist-quartzite.
One of these pillars height of 34 meters stands somewhat apart from the others, and its unusual shape resembles a huge bottle turned upside down. Six other poles in height from 30 to 42 meters, which seem to be something like human figures and heads of horses and sheep lined up on the edge of the cliff.
The pillars are also called "Seven giants" or "Seven strong men." According to local legend, the stone pillars were once giants Samoyeds, who crossed the mountains to Siberia to destroy the local people Mansi. However, these giants to stop "the shaman with a white face" Yallingner that turned all the soldiers to stone. While he Yallingner also turned to stone, and well worth ever since seven stone pillars - one against six.
Manpupuner considered one of the seven wonders of Russia, but in the rest of the world this place is not very well known because of its remoteness and the fact that it is not easy to get to.
Stone columns Krasnoyarsk Reserve
The reserve "Pillars" is located on the south bank of the Yenisei River, on the border of the Russian city of Krasnoyarsk. The main attraction of the park are towering therein stone pillars strange curved shape, which reach up to 100 meters in height. These rocks are mainly sedimentary and volcanic origin and were formed, since the Cambrian period (about 600 million years ago) to the Carboniferous period. They are formed when the molten magma peneplain penetrated the surface from a depth of 500 to 1500m. Outside on it there was a lot of cracks, weathering along which led to the emergence of such unique pillars.
An incredible greatness.
This site was discovered in 1624 by Russian Cossacks - explorers of Siberia, who built a small fort at the confluence of the Kacha River Yenisei. They were amazed by the huge stone blocks oddly shaped, towering above the dense forest, and gave them the biblical name "Pillars", which was subsequently replaced by the more common word "Poles". Since then, the name was adopted to for similar rock formations in Siberia and the Russian Far East.
The pillars are also a favorite place for local climbers who deliberately do not use any insurance while climbing on the rocks. They call their extreme sport "stolbizm".
Sail Rock - natural sandstone monolith, located on the Black Sea coast in the Krasnodar region of Russia, approximately 17 kilometers from the resort town of Gelendzhik. The name of it was due to the fact that is absolutely flat and narrow and do something similar to the ship sail.
The height of the rock - about 30 meters, length - 20 meters, but its thickness - only one meter. Also in the "Sail" is unusual is that it is perfectly perpendicular to the shoreline. From a distance it looks like a boat with a large sail, which is moored to the shore.
A view of the top sail.
At an altitude of about 2, 5 meters in the rock there is a hole of unknown origin. Some believe that the "Sail" were used as protection during the Caucasian war, but the hole did to shoot through it at the enemy. However, it is doubtful, because although the rock and thin, it is not easy to break. This observation is confirmed by the case in 1903, when the Russian battleship fired 4 shells in the rock. Despite the fact that traces of cannonballs were visible on the "Sail", it could not break through.
Lena Pillars, which are also called "Stone forest" - natural rock formations, located about 60 km upstream of the Lena from the Russian city of Yakutsk. Amazing stone structures like towers up to 220 meters high, and they extend along the river for a distance of about 80 km.
Lena Pillars fascinated travelers since the XVII century. But to see them - not an easy task. From Yakutsk have to get on the boat (it takes 3 days and will cost $ 500).
This site contains outstanding historical evidence of living organisms on Earth. Near the Lena Pillars have found numerous fossils of ancient animals such as the mammoth, bison, woolly rhinoceros, Lena horse, reindeer, and so on. D. The pillars have been recognized as World Heritage Site in 2006.
The optical phenomenon - light poles
Sometimes you can see the vertical columns of light during very cold weather in the far north in the sky. This so-called light poles, which are created by the reflection of light from the horizontal flat surfaces of airborne ice crystals. The light can come from the Sun (usually located on the horizon level) in this case is called a sun pillar.
Light poles - an unusual phenomenon in the far North.
Light pillars appear as in artificial light and in natural light.