The most significant archaeological finds of the year
• The most significant archaeological finds of the year
For much of archeology 2016 was a year of rather disappointing. Many scientists have seriously expected to discover a secret room in the tomb of Tutankhamun, which could become "one of the most important finds of the century." It was believed that it was here that she was buried Nefertiti, which unsuccessfully looking for the tomb for more than half a century. Modern technologies have broken theorists in the dust - there are no hidden rooms was not in a pyramid.
However, in others, not so important, but it is very interesting discoveries were made during the year. We've put together a small list of the archaeological findings, which surprised even experienced scientists.
The oldest manuscripts of Egypt
Egypt continues to be the most interesting place in the world - for archaeologists. Every year there are all new artifacts that enable historians to more fully understand the overall paradigm of human evolution. Several months ago, the researchers found the oldest at the moment the tomb of Pharaoh: hence carried 30 papyri, personal belongings and even a funeral boat of the ancient rulers. Age finds more than 4500 years - as long as it is a record.
Meteor Blade Tutankhamun
dagger itself was discovered a long time ago, but until this year, scientists simply do not have the opportunity to conduct a precise analysis of the material from which to make a personal knife famous Tutankhamun. Using the technique of non-invasive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry allowed a group of Italian and Egyptian scientists to make very strange discovery. It was found that Tutankhamen was buried with space of steel dagger. It is assumed that the Egyptians mined metal from a fallen meteorite.
English settlement in the Bronze Age, situated in Cambridgeshire, has become one of the most surprising findings of this year. 3000 years ago, the locals built a compact town, placing huts on stilts over the river. Giant fire caught the settlers by surprise - people rushed away, leaving all in their places. Fire has undermined the piles themselves dwellings fell into the river, where a thick silt and clay as if all sealed in a time capsule. Because of this finding, the researchers can now thoroughly recreate the life and customs of the people of the Bronze Age.
The oldest artifacts
Among other archaeological finds of the year must be said about several artifacts discovered by scientists. At excavations in Germany, archaeologists stumbled on the world's oldest dress, whose age exceeds 5000 years. In Australia it was found a stone ax, suddenly overturned the representation of all the historians of the Aborigines of the continent. It turns out that the locals used the instruments of labor for another 45 000 years ago.
Graveyard of ships
Forney study of the archipelago (13 islands between Samos and Ikaria) themselves archaeologists called the march to the cemetery. On a relatively small area of the underwater topography 23 sunken ship was found, moreover, that in that year there is still 22 vessels were found. Scientists anticipate fairly rich "booty" because nearby was once found at the bottom of the famous Antikythera Mechanism.