Shirley Temple: a story about how to get the "Oscar" in 6 years
Children dreaming of new toys, beautiful clothes, love. Adults dream of a new car, fashionable clothing, fame and recognition. Shirley Temple and fulfilled childhood and adult dreams in a very tender age. His "Oscar" she received in 6 years.
A Star is Born
April 23, 1928 in the California town of Santa Monica from a bank clerk George Temple and his wife Gertrude was born long-awaited daughter. She was named Shirley. From birth, the girl's parents decided that their heir is bound to become a star, a real princess. So that in 3 years the baby was sent to the famous dance Mrs. Meldzhin school, where children are taught the fashion in those days, tap dance. After a few months in school looked Hollywood producer Jack Hayes, who was looking for young actors to the series of musical Baby Burlesk. Shirley was going to go home in her car waiting for her mother. But suddenly Mrs. Meldzhin called both into his office and asked if Shirley does not want to take part in the selection. It turned out that the casting came several dozen children. They were curled, rouged and dressed in festive attire. I came straight from rehearsal Shirley looked ugly duckling next to them. However, the main role in the show went to her. After the series ended, Shirley received a few small roles. As a result, a charming girl noticed one of the most powerful production companies in Hollywood - "Fox".
Shirley Temple - the salvation of the Great Depression
At that time, the studio was on the verge of bankruptcy: America has covered the Great Depression, and people are reluctant to go to the movies. But after the release of the movie "Stand up and say hello," in which the main role played by Shirley Temple, everything changed. It turned out that these curls, this charming smile, the dimples - what people need to remember about unemployment and crime. All Americans, without exception, want to see this movie. "Fox" got to the real treasure that could save the production company from ruin. And the whole huge machine studio immediately began working on Shirley. They called for help the best writers, composers and American actors. On famous curls Shirley took care of her mother - every day she curled on his head 56 curls daughter. But with the dance school of Miss Temple had to leave - in "Fox" she hired a private tutor. Nobody had to see how Shirley is studying tap dance beat, because its press agents to convince journalists that dance talent this girl has got from God.
The training period in Meldzhin studio simply erased from the biography of Shirley. At the same time, to maintain the image of the young talent, Gertrude Temple changed dochkino birth certificate, reducing its age a year. Shirley she learned about it only 13 years old.
"Oscar" for the happiness of
Each new film starring Shirley turned out to be more popular than the previous one. When she was 6 years old, she became the youngest actress in the world - the "Oscar" winner of the award. According to the American Academy, Shirley Temple "has brought more happiness to the millions of children and adults than any other child in the world." And at the same time she realized that the glory - this is not so good. "In six years, I stopped believing in Santa Claus - sadly recalls Shirley. - Just before Christmas my mother took me to the store, and congratulates Santa buyers asked for my autograph. "
Little Rich Girl
to 8 years baby has earned more than $ 3 million and hit the top ten highest paid stars in Hollywood. Her portraits adorned everywhere: on posters, postcards, souvenirs. Company Ideal Novelty & Toy Co released a copy of Shirley doll. It was the most popular toy of the world - to eclipse her fame could only appeared later Barbie doll. Named Shirley called even non-alcoholic cocktail. Incidentally, when the Temple grew up, she admitted that her sick from the taste of the drink.
Of course, every child wanted to repeat the fate of Shirley and all the film companies feverishly tried to find his young star. Among the girls, who were brought to the studios thresholds was even Norma Jeane Baker, that much later turned into Marilyn Monroe. But the market actors, and her children had no place there alone reigned Shirley Temple. It was unique and irreplaceable. It only lasted for a brief period.
The failure of Shirley Temple
It all ended in 1940. MGM company began shooting the film "The Wizard of Oz." Shirley auditioned for the role of Dorothy, but she suddenly chose another girl - Judy Garland. In response to the bosses of "Fox" decided to film another hugely tale - "The Blue Bird". The role of girls Mitil, of course, meant Shirley. However, the tape with Judy Garland was much more popular. A next film Shirley "Young people" and did frankly failed.
Shirley is already 12 years old, it has ceased to be a charming toddler with chubby cheeks. The audience did not want to forgive her for what she grows up, like all children. And then the producers the film company "Fox", forgetting that the girl had saved the studio from bankruptcy, decided to withdraw from Shirley. It was a normal, very adult commercial move. It proved to be unnecessary.
has grown - and become a normal
Overnight, from movie star Shirley Temple became a completely normal girl. We can not say that she is very upset. She finally went to school (before the teacher came to her home), and began to communicate with peers. At the end of World War II, Shirley tried to return to the movies and starred in several movies. They have collected a good cashier. Shirley grew up a pretty girl. She could hardly repeat their children's success, but to become an adult actress average popularity it was quite a force.
In 1945, Shirley Temple, and married two years later, beaming with joy, she announced the pregnancy. Shirley had a daughter, and she played in the film "Fort Apache" with Henry Fonda. But in 1949, Shirley and her husband John Agar divorced. After that Shirley Temple forever disappeared from the screens.
Love saved from depression Shirley itself
Depression Temple cured new love and new marriage. Its name was chosen by Charles Alden Black. Shirley gave birth to two children - a son and a daughter.
In 1957, she returned again to his fans. At this time in the TV show "The book of fairy tales Shirley Temple" and "Shirley Temple Theater". It has become a good all-American mom, someone like Soviet Valentina Leontieva passing "Visiting a fairy tale." She has thousands of new fans, many of whom did not even know about its crazy popularity in the 1930s - they were then simply did not exist.
Shirley Temple is in the White House
In the mid-1960s career Shirley again changed dramatically. With TV screens, she moved into the world of politics. Becoming a member of the Republican Party, she started campaigning. So Richard Nixon became president of the United States including through Shirley. After that, Mrs. Black Temple (now called itself the only way) I decided to become a senator. But, alas, it lost the elections. Her opponent is constantly ridiculed Shirley during the debate. "Look - he said - Miss Chechetko wants to engage in politics. Do you want to entrust the fate of the girl show business? "
But Shirley learned to accept failure with a calm heart and a little upset. She became a delegate to the UN General Assembly, and even traveled to the Soviet Union - in the composition of the Soviet-American Commission on Disarmament.
Shine, Shirley, shine on!
In the early 1970s, doctors have Shirley terrifying diagnosis - breast cancer. But Shirley has always been a strong girl. It was a good school. When she was a baby, she does not always like to smile during the filming. But my mother was pushing her in the back and kept saying: "Shine, Shirley, shine!" And Shirley dutifully throws open huge eyes in a moment become the happiest girl on earth. She was not going to give up this time.
Shirley Temple against breast cancer
Shirley Temple became the first celebrity, who told the press that she had cancer. 3 November 1972 she underwent a mastectomy. Three weeks after surgery, she again made a statement to the press. "Now I am perfectly well, - said Shirley. - As you can see, the cancer - not a fatal disease. On one condition: the diagnosis should be delivered as soon as possible. " Her words had a truly magical effect. The American Society of Cancer found that the number of women who come to the check-ups has increased by 30%.
The disease has helped Shirley political career. In 1974, a new American President Ford appointed her ambassador to the Republic of Ghana to the west of Africa. And after returning home Shirley became the head of the presidential protocol service. At no time before it, this post is not held by a woman. Shirley was the first again.
The political career of Shirley Temple
During the reign of Reagan Shirley worked at the State Department. She has been preparing future ambassadors and consuls. In the spring of 1989 she herself went back to represent US interests abroad - in Czechoslovakia. Before her eyes there was a "velvet" revolution. She supported Václav Havel during the first presidential elections in Czechoslovakia. And when the White House to replace George W. Bush, Bill Clinton came, Shirley went back home and sat down to write his memoirs.
Shirley Temple did not become 10 February 2014. In 85 years of "the happiest girl in the world" were three children, granddaughter, and two great-grandchildren.