Why in the USSR were so popular glass blocks
• Why did the Soviet Union were so popular glass blocks
Surely each came from the Soviet Union or the former Soviet republics remembers a material such as glass blocks. Large rectangles of glass, translucent bricks, which have not seen anything, but in which at the same time the light passes. So why this stuff has become so popular in the country? Who invented it? And if they really used only in the country of the Soviets.
Who was the first to
In the first place it should be emphasized that the glass blocks - this is not the Soviet invention. The first glass block was invented by an American named James Pennikuik. Its patented product master is still in the middle of the XIX century. He was even able to make money through his company Luxfer Prism Company. However, an American invention is strikingly different from those glass blocks, which are used in different countries in the XX century.
Glass blocks in the USSR
The usual for us kind of glass blocks have taken in 30-ies of XX century. If initially only used blocks in the construction of basements, then slowly of them start to put the internal and external walls, windows in stairwells and various partitions. Together with the expansion of the scope of the glass blocks began to expand and the number of architectural projects in which they dared to use. The peak of popularity of glass blocks the growth occurred in the 60-70-ies of the last century. And it concerns both the Soviet Union and other countries.
In the USSR, glass blocks have three colors: blue, green and yellow. Their surface can be grooved, and may be smooth. Despite widespread in the construction of glass blocks of houses are not used. Most often they can be seen in public buildings.
What is it?
At first glance, it may seem that the use of glass blocks in the USSR was of a purely aesthetic in nature. In fact it is not. Decorative function, they (of course) is also performed. However, in the first place, the use of glass blocks in the construction and interior design saves energy. Funny, but this function is still provided to them and referred to at the beginning of James Pennikuik. Even in the Soviet guests on glass bricks, light transmission is mentioned in one of the first and the most important points.
It also says that the glass blocks must withstand temperature fluctuations of up to 40 degrees. They should have sufficient strength and moisture resistance. The density of this material is very close (in fact) to the rock density. At the same time, they reflect light, but at the same time make it impossible to see what is behind the "window". In other words, glass had an impressive array of useful properties and characteristics. That is what helped them become so popular, sought-after material.