The great conquest of man
Exactly 60 years ago, August 1, 1953, Swiss scientist Auguste Piccard and his son Jacques completed the construction of the bathyscaphe "Trieste". Seven years later, Jacques Piccard first descend on it at the bottom of the trough Marinsky, reaching a depth of 10,911 m. In honor of this event, we offer a selection of the seven most famous conquests made by man.
1. Mariana Trench: maximum depth
Bathyscaphe "Trieste" was designed by the Swiss scientist Auguste Piccard, taking into account his previous development FNRS-2, the world's first bathyscaphe. Trieste - the name of the Italian city, where the major work on its creation have been made. From 1953 to 1957 it was made a few dives in the Mediterranean Sea, including the depth record was set on it at that time 3150 meters. In 1958, this unit was purchased by the US Navy. After buying it finalized - was established more sturdy and durable Gondola. Despite the purchase, the main pilot and a technician device in 1958-1960 years remained Jacques Piccard, son of designer Auguste apparatus.
Jean Picard (center) and Lieutenant Don Walsh during a record dive. Mariana Trench, 23 January 1960:
The deepest trough of the famous in the world was named after the nearby Marianas. Its depth was measured for the first time in 1875 with the help of the British ship "Challenger", whose name and the deepest point of the trough was named. Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh first managed to dive into the abyss of January 23, 1960. they reached the level of 10 911 m at the bathyscaphe "Trieste".
Only after 52, March 26, 2012, they repeated the record, James Cameron, who sat alone in the "Challenger Deep". Canadian filmmaker dives in the submersible Deepsea Challenger, during which made filming in 3D, which formed the basis of the documentary National Geographic. After the dive, Cameron posted a tweet: "I just reached the deepest point of the ocean. Hitting bottom never been so enjoyable. I can not wait to share what they saw with you. "
2. Everest is the highest peak
The highest point of the Earth was subjected to man before the lowest at 7 years. 60 years ago, May 29, 1953, for the first time in the history of Mount Qomolangma height of 8848 meters set foot man. The honor of being the pioneers had the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay. They spent the entire 15 minutes, but the "15 minutes of fame" forever inscribed their names in the history on the "roof of the world". Hillary and Norgay reach the summit during the ninth British expedition to the summit of Mount Everest. By the way, the British Qomolangma is obliged also to its more common name, which was named after the top of the Welsh geographer and surveyor George Everest.
New Zealander Edmund Hillary (left) and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay - the first people on Earth to conquer Everest. Photo 1953:
Nearly two meters tall New Zealander Edmund Hillary took a picture of short stature Sherpa on a snow dome with a raised ax adorned with UN flags, UK, Nepal and India. Climbers used oxygen devices, 29 May 1953. Read more in the article "The Conquest of Everest". (Photo by Edmund Hillary | Royal Geographical Society via Associated Press):
3. The Moon: Earth's most distant from the place where the person was
The crew "Apollo 11", during which the flight in July 1969, humans first landed on the Moon. From left to right: Neil Armstrong (left), Buzz Aldrin (right) and Michael Collins. During landing Neil and Buzz on the moon's surface, Michael piloted the command module in orbit of the Moon:
July 21, 1969 at 02 hours 56 minutes 20 seconds GMT, Neil Armstrong made a small step became a giant leap for mankind, came down the stairs from the lander, "Apollo 11" on the lunar surface. Edwin Aldrin became the second guest of the Earth's satellite, which joined the flight captain after 15 minutes.
In total, they scoured lunar spaces within 2 pm on 31 minutes and 40 seconds. During this time, astronauts installed an American flag and instruments necessary for scientific experiments and collected samples of lunar soil. After 21 hours and 36 minutes spent on the lunar surface and inside prilunivshegosya module, the crew left the only astronomical object is the planet on which set foot man. In total, the program of flights to the Moon "Apollo" was visited by 12 astronauts on the Earth's surface of the satellite.
E. Aldrin on the Moon, 20 July 1969.
4. Kola ultradeep: the deepest well, man-made
May 24, 1970 began drilling the deepest "hole" of all, man has ever made. As part of the Soviet scientific program in the Murmansk region (10 km from the town of Polar) was drilled, which reached a record high of 12 262 meters in 1990.
Kola ultradeep well. Drilling of the first stage (depth 7600 m), 1974:
The grandiose project lasted until 1992. Only the first 7 km of drilling took about 7 years. In 1983, the drill for the first time entered the terrestrial rocks for 12 km. Later, due to accidents and technical difficulties of the work had to be suspended. Only in 1990 he was made the final world record for drilling. With the help of the Kola super-deep, scientists wanted to study the oldest rocks of the world the example of the Baltic Shield granite. Kola ultradeep sometimes referred to as "the well to hell." There is a legend at a depth of about 12 thousand meters, microphones researchers recorded the cries and moans of people. It is of course a myth, although in the course of drilling did occur phenomena, explanations that scientists could not find.
Kola ultradeep. Photo of 2007. At this point the object is thrown, the building is actually destroyed, and the well itself to brew:
5. Flying Felix Baumgartner: the highest jump in the history of
October 14, 2012 Austrian skydiver Felix Baumgartner has made the highest jump in history, jumping from a 39-kilometer-high (39, 45 thousand. Meters). At this mark 43-year-old athlete has risen for 2 hours 16 minutes in a special capsule. During the fall, Felix has exceeded the speed of sound, speed of reaching 1357 6 kilometers per hour.
He jumped in the suit for the first time without the help of the flying equipment was in free fall for 4 minutes 19 seconds. This "star" could be the time for Baumgartner's death in the event of loss, but fortunately, the experiment was successful. For extreme jump, which was broadcast live, we watched about 8 million people.
6. Garrett McNamara: the conquest of the biggest waves of
The largest wave height of 10-storey house, subdued Hawaiian surfer Garrett McNamara. He "saddled" the 30-foot wall of water from the Portuguese coast near the small town of Nazar January 29, 2013. Garrett McNamara wins the "100-foot storm":
A giant tree has formed over an underwater canyon, which is famous for its reputation as "generator" of the highest waves in the world. This is not the first world record set by 45-year-old athlete. In 2013, Garrett won a world record set by the same Portuguese coast in November 2011. Then Hawaiian daredevil subdued wave height of 24 meters. Garrett McNamara wins the "100-foot storm":
7. The Burj Khalifa: the conquest of the highest skyscraper in the world
At that time, all the major natural peaks conquered by French climber Alain Robert took over the top by man. And he entered the Guinness Book of Records as the conqueror of skyscrapers. On account of "Spider-Man" more than 70 ascents of the highest buildings in the world, including the Empire State Building (New York), Eiffel Tower (Paris), Petronas Twin Towers (Kuala Lumpur), Taipei 101 (Taipei) and the main building of Moscow State University (Moscow).
Alain Robert, known as Spiderman conquer the tallest building Burj Khalifa (828 meters) in the world:
the first climber managed to climb on the tallest building of the world 828-meter Burj Khalifa. On the climb, which took place March 28, 2011, it took more than 6 hours. Alain Robert is known for what makes his stunts without equipment, but this time, fulfilled the requirement of the organizers and took the insurance. Also read the article "Kingdom Tower - life at the height of 1 km."