History of the Soviet rovers
• The history of the Soviet rovers
In the middle of the last century amphibious cars were one of those things as well, such as spacecraft, which formed the image of the people of the future. Although widespread use outside the military missions waterfowl cars eventually have found, they represent a very interesting phenomenon. We offer you a brief history of the Soviet amphibians.
"MAP" stands Small Car natatorial. This equipped with a four-cylinder engine from the "Victory" and the transmission and suspension of the GAZ-69 car began to produce in 1953. By water Gaz 46 moved by means of the propeller. The appointment is quite standard: the crossing of the paratroopers, engineering works on the water, and other military missions. The model has been copied from the American Ford GPA and lasted until 1958.
"BAS" as you probably guessed it - it's a big car natatorial. ZIS-485 could carry 25 people or 25 tons of cargo, including even cars and artillery, and the model was copied from another American amphibians - GMC DUKW-353. Released in 1950, "BAS" lived in series production 12 years.
This all-wheel motorized trolley was established by order of the Airborne Forces to evacuate the wounded from the battlefield and became the prototype for the legendary Soviet-terrain vehicle LuAZ-969 "Volyn". Dimensions in LuAZ as capacity, were very small. Engine capacity not exceeding one liter, and the movement it leads wheels. When a particular need to manage an amphibian could be in the reclining state.
The predecessor of this model amphibian US-011 as the GAZ-46, was copied from the American Ford GPA. In US-055 was more streamlined metal housing, 41-horsepower engine from "Muscovite-410" and the rear propeller. As a result, amphibian, even when fully loaded and a half tons of water to reach a speed of 12 kilometers per hour. On the modification of US-055V has worked creator of the legendary passenger "Rocket" Rostislav Alekseev - eventually model hydrofoil 40 seconds after launch overclocked up to 55 kilometers per hour.
Its amphibian is, has been and VAZ - its Togliatti commissioned by the Ministry of Defense of the USSR was constructed in 1976 on the basis of "Niva". From other Soviet amphibians waterfowl "Niva" was different, first of all, that just did it was almost like the amphibian. However, this has 1, 6-liter engine car can move through the water at a speed of 5 kilometers per hour. However, conveyor Tolyatti amphibian never saw.