Ghost towns from around the world
History knows countless cases where settlements for some reason ceased to exist. They were transformed, changed their status or title, showered ash hatred, destroyed and rebuilt ... But some of the dead cities have remained virtually unchanged since its heyday, becoming a mysterious ghost.
The city on the rock
The medieval Italian city of Krakow boasts a rich history, valuable monuments and examples of unique architecture. Here, at the time was ruled by the descendants of powerful dynasties and worked famous artists. Krakow is very beautiful and attracts a lot of brave travelers and often gets into the lens filmmakers. The city was built on a cliff and has held a strategically important place. However, in the XIX century, the location has lost its value, and the people gradually began to move. Finally emptied Krakow in 1980, when, after a natural disaster, it became clear that the rock on which it stands, could collapse at any moment. That is why today in Krakow there is no official tours: people - including shooting team - visit it at your own risk.
The effects of fever
The Gold Rush "flashed" at different times in different places and all left their mark. Most "foci" Gold Rush was formed in the United States, people are deposits of gold, built mine and small towns close to their employees. And then, when production of the precious metal becomes unprofitable, people left and mines, and their homes. The state of California is still preserved town of Bodie. It has its own bank, the Methodist church, a school, a good bar and about 170 buildings ... there's just people. More than half a century ago, the last residents left him Body. Dry California climate cherishes the memories of the life of its people, and now there you can go, for example, once a private house and see the interiors and furniture, as if untouched by time.
Many cities formed during the coal mines in the end turn out to be abandoned. However, residents of the town of Centralia, Pennsylvania, left him in a very trivial reason. In 1962, the City Council decided to clean up the town landfill, and after the garbage burned, did not notice the glow began his deeper deposits, and then the heat transferred and abandoned mines beneath the city. Since then, there is an underground fire flares up: in several places in the asphalt appeared large cracks from which are wisps of smoke, and a large amount of carbon monoxide into the air. However, most residents of Centralia left the city only in 1984, when the state was organized resettlement of residents. Unusual underground fire directly under the city inspired the creators of the famous computer horror game "Silent Hill".
In the 1970s, one of the most popular and sought after resorts for beach holidays in the Mediterranean was a quarter Varosha in Cyprus. There were constructed luxury high-rise hotels, which came to rest in the Brigitte Bardot, and Elizabeth Taylor. Varosha empty overnight - July 20, 1974, when the city was evacuated under pressure from the Turkish army. Ten years later, the United Nations has determined that Varosha could be settled exclusively by its former inhabitants, as well as the quarter remained on Turkish territory, it was fenced and closed to access. During the "alienation" of the road area is cracked and sprouted through cracks trees, gradually filling the streets. So far, no one lives there, nature slowly returns city itself, destroying the once magnificent building.
The sinking of a village
Holsendz - a small and cozy once a fishing town in the county of Devon in South West England. Its small population a few centuries there quietly while in 1896 it was decided not to expand the shipyard, which is located nearby. As a result of work directly at the beach of the town started to fail, and the water - closer to homes. As a result, during the storm January 26, 1917 the majority of Holsendza was literally washed away into the sea. The population moved to a safer place, and now that people lived here once, resemble only the ruins of a small chapel and a few houses, overgrown with greenery.
The city, which never lived
The majority of ghost towns were formed due to the fact that their residents for one reason or another have moved en masse. However, in China there are neighborhoods and even cities - fully built up, and finished with sound infrastructure, but completely empty. They were formed as a result of the construction boom that began in the country about 20 years ago. So, in the city of Ordos, designed for half a million people still live in the unit. Many Chinese people have bought an apartment here, hoping that prices are ever grow up, but have not moved from their former homes.
Dead City nuclear industry
Pripyat was built on the river of the same name in 1970, not far from one of the largest nuclear power plants in Europe. Here we lived nuclear scientists and their families, and for several years the population has grown steadily. The town has developed rapidly to a sad date - April 26, 1986. Its residents were evacuated because of an accident, and since then there is no one living. Pripyat is now considered the city-museum: it preserved residential buildings, schools, city park, the Palace of Culture. They all come in turn to an emergency condition, and gradually destroys nature.
The dying metropolis
Huge Detroit first fort was founded by French colonialists. In 1760 he became part of the British colonial empire and has since started to rise. Due to its location Detroit to the XIX century became a major transportation hub and a center of shipbuilding. And after Henry Ford, the Dodge brothers, Packard and Chrysler have built their factories here, Detroit has become the automotive capital of the world. City "blossomed" before the second half of the XX century, when most of its population gradually began to move to the suburbs. 1973 oil crisis harder hit in Detroit, where several car plants closed. Now the city are thousands of vacant buildings - both residential and public, but absolutely "ghost" it can not be called. Perhaps someday the city administration initiative to engage Detroit residents still bring it back to life.