Who, when and why tamed first dog
• Who, when and why tamed first dog
It is known that the first of all the animals early man domesticated the dog. According to the most common version of the scientists, this happened 11-14, 5000 years ago, and this process was gradual. Like, first of wild animals just fed up, and then they began to live together with a man, and only then the two-legged owners hit upon the idea to use dogs as helpers. However, a recent study of Danish scientists have suggested that the most ancient people brought dogs specifically for hunting.
Recall that according to the generally accepted hypothesis, the so-called hunting breeds were only a few thousand years after the domestication of wild dogs. However, at what stage of domesticated dogs people began to take on a hunt at all? It is clear that long before there hunting breed. This is confirmed by the very ancient cave paintings depicting human hunters with dogs, found in different parts of the globe. Now, science has learned a few more.
Rock Paintings of Tassili-Ager (North. Africa), VI thousand. BC. e.
In the edition of Journal of Anthropological Archaeology it has recently published a report on the findings made in the ancient settlement Shubayka 6 in the north-eastern part of the Jordan. How to tell the archaeologists from the University of Copenhagen and University College London, animal bones, which, according to radiocarbon dating, at least 11, 5 thousand years, suggests that dogs not only lived together with people epipaleolita, but also hunted alongside them. And, most likely, people initially began to tame it in order to use them excellent hunting qualities to their advantage.
The fragments of ancient buildings in the north-east of Jordan. /Foto:humanities.ku.dk
"We studied a large number of animal bones that have been through someone's digestive tract. These bones are quite large, so it is unlikely they were swallowed up by man. Apparently, they enjoyed the dog "- explained zooarheolog and one of the leaders of the study Yomens Lisa.
The bones had been in the digestive tract of a carnivore. /Foto:els-cdn.com
Based on archaeological findings and expertise Lisa and her colleagues suggest that the dog is close to the people all the time. They were an integral part of their daily lives. Dogs walked freely lodging and fed food waste - such as bones, which they threw people. Here, dogs and defecated.
The big bone canine Shubayki of 6 compared with modern bones of dogs known species, wolves and jackals. / Els-cdn.com
Archaeologists suggest that the active use of dogs in hunting can be explained including the remains of a huge number of birds and other small animals, which are found in the same area participants excavations. 11, 5 thousand years ago in Shubayke enough hares, foxes and birds, and they were the main prey of the human period. The bones of foxes and hares ancient people used as a material for making beads and beads, and hare meat is eaten, and that production of food was the main purpose of hunting. However, scientists believe that the residents of the settlement were not engaged in the sale of fur removed from animals (evidence for this is not found).
Beads made of bones of small animals. /els-cdn.com
According to archaeologists, hunting dogs in the settlement times epipaleolita was unusually large. In future, with the development of cattle breeding, hunting small animals in the area began to wane, and the dogs began to use more to guard homes and cattle pens.