The sailors had to eat in the past
• The sailors had to eat in the past
From works of art, many people know that before because of a lack of vitamin "C" sailors had very tight. Their "professional" problem lasted for centuries until the arrival of the first canned food. Modern man is hard to believe that in the old days in the Navy did not bother too much about how to feed the slave really high quality. In part the reason for it was not a bad intent shipowners, and the lack of conservation technologies.
Previously, there was no better
Canned become one of the greatest achievements of human thought. You can verify this by estimating the diet of soldiers and sailors to the appearance cherished iron cans. Preserve food for a long period of more or less large quantities could be two ways.
The first - drying; second - salting. All this imposes serious restrictions on the diet of sailors and ships led to the emergence of health problems, namely the development of scurvy. In the old days of the disease died a huge number of sailors. It arose because of the banal lack of vitamin "C" in the human body. Just for reference - in the famous expedition of the navigator Vasco da Gama lost one-third of the participants. Almost all of them died of scurvy.
That is why, when the horizon appeared the land and the ship approached her to replenish supplies, the sailors tried to get hold of something straight from the tin. Hunting and poaching flourished for centuries, leading to the extinction of many animal species. Until the XIX century sea turtle was one of the favorite delicacies of sailors. The sailors went all food that could catch and eat, not poison, including manatees and birds of the dodo. If possible, the sailors tried to fish from the boat.
Another problem on ancient ships had a stock of fresh water. Due to the fact that the water was always in short supply, cooking food over a fire is not of high quality. Very often the food of the dry and salty. This is also not the best way affects the health of the sailors. Bread sailors also were not. Instead, he used the crumbs at best biscuits. However, there were problems - very often the bread was got bugs, parasites.
Of course, there were in the life of a sailor and light moments. One of these was a rum and grog. It was thought that drinking helped against scurvy. In fact, such liquor properties not possessed.
A revolution in the diet of sailors occurred only at the beginning of the XIX century. French confectioner Nicolas François Appert invented canned food, which initially sealed in a glass bottle. Cans already come up with the Americans in 1920. Despite the fact that the original canned is not the best meat, the sailors were glad to have it. The first canned strongly stank, for the sailors made their "smelly Frenchman."