Modern architects, whose work truly inspire
Of ordinary residential houses in which lives most of us, to the iconic buildings and structures built hundreds or even thousands of years ago, the architecture around us every day. There are many impressive buildings around us, but have you thought about those who designed them?
Since the merits of architects, often remain undervalued, our today's list will be dedicated exclusively to them.
By Antonio Gaudi (Antoni Gaudí), and Frank Lloyd Wright (Frank Lloyd Wright) to Oscar Niemeyer (Oscar Niemeyer) and Norman Foster (Norman Foster), let us introduce you to some of the greatest architects, presenting a list of 25 contemporary architects, whose work truly inspiring!
25. Antonio Gaudi (Antoni Gaudí)
The most famous representative of Catalan modernism, Antoni Gaudí (1852-1926) was a Spanish (Catalan) architect, distinguished by its special, individual style. Creativity Gaudi was influenced by what was his real passion - architecture, nature and religion.
He counted every detail of his creations and combined in his work such crafts as pottery, stained glass, art forging and carpentry. Most of his works are located in Barcelona, including his main work - amazing Catholic Church, known as the Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family (Sagrada Familia) (see photo).
24. Frank Gehry (Frank Gehry)
Born in 1929 in Toronto, Canada, Frank Gehry - the famous American architect, known for its unique ability to create space, manipulating shapes and surfaces. Many of them started building, including their own home, became world famous tourist attractions. Vanity Fair American magazine even called it "the most important architect of our time." Among the most famous Frank Gehry's work - the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao (Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao) in Spain (in the photo), Walt Disney Concert Hall (Walt Disney Concert Hall) in Los Angeles, building Foundation Louis Vuitton (Louis Vuitton Foundation) in Paris music Museum (Experience music Project) in Seattle.
23. Frank Lloyd Wright (Frank Lloyd Wright)
The famous American architect, interior designer, writer and educator Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) designed more than a thousand buildings, 532 of which were completed. Wright attached great importance to the creation of objects that are in harmony with man and his environment - philosophy, which he called "organic architecture."
This philosophy is best demonstrated by the example of his masterpiece known as "Fallingwater" (Falling Water) (pictured), which has been called "the best work of American architecture in history."
22. Renzo Piano (Renzo Piano)
Born in 1937 in Genoa, Italy, Renzo Piano, an Italian architect and engineer, who in 1998 was awarded the prestigious Pritzker Prize. In 2006, the Piano was named TIME magazine one of the 100 most influential people in the world.
He is known for such works as The Morgan Library and Museum (Morgan Library) in New York, the NEMO Museum (NEMO science museum) in Amsterdam, as well as a number of other projects, including such skyscrapers as The New York Times Building (New York Times building) in New York and skyscraper The Shard in London (pictured), which is the tallest building in the European Union.
21. Yu Ming Pei (Ieoh Ming Pei)
Born in 1917 in Canton, China, Yu Ming Pei is an American architect of Chinese origin, which is known for the unique use of geometric shapes and the inclusion of Chinese influence in their work.
As a winner of numerous awards, including the International Award of the Institute of American Architects' Gold Medal IAA "(AIA Gold Medal) in 1979 and the Pritzker Prize (Pritzker Prize) in 1983, Pei is the author of many popular works, including the National Research center for atmospheric Research (National center for atmospheric Research) in Colorado, the John F. Kennedy Library (John F. Kennedy Library) in Massachusetts, a pyramid of glass and steel at the entrance to the Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre) in Paris and the Museum of Islamic art ( Museum of Islamic Art) in Qatar.
20. Cesar Pelli (César Pelli)
Cesar Pelli was born in 1926 in the city of San Miguel de Tucumán (San Miguel de Tucuman), Argentina. American architect of Argentine origin known to work on one of the highest buildings in the world and other major attractions. In 1991, the American Institute of Architects (American Institute of Architects) introduced Pelly in the top ten most influential living American architects.
The winner of the "Gold Medal of the IAA" in 1995, he is the author of the iconic sights of Kuala Lumpur - Petronas Twin Towers (Petronas Twin Towers) (pictured), who at the time was considered the tallest building in the world. Pelli also worked on the creation of the World Financial Center (World Financial Center) in New York.
19. Zaha Hadid (Zaha Hadid)
The first woman to receive the Pritzker Prize (2004), Zaha Hadid (1950-2016) was a British architect of Iraqi origin. It created architectural geometry that goes beyond conventional canons, with extremely expressive distorted geometry of curves and revealing the sharp edges, giving a dynamic momentum space. As icons of neo-futurism, it recognized the work and innovative forms include the Aquatics Center in London, the Museum of Art Eli and Edythe Broad (Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum) in Michigan and the Opera House (Guangzhou Opera House) in Guangzhou, China (in the Foto).
18. Santiago Calatrava (Santiago Calatrava)
Born in 1951 in Valencia, Spain, Santiago Calatrava, the Spanish architect is controversial-neofuturistom, a civil engineer, sculptor and painter.
Calatrava has been criticized for the fact that many of his works were commissioned after the deadline and were overpriced, but there is no doubt as to why this person is one of the most talented and influential architects of modern times.
He built more than 60 buildings and structures in different countries, including airport terminals, railway stations, hospitals, bridges and museums, but his most famous work is the Reina Sofia Palace (Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia) in Valencia, Spain (see photo) .
17. Le Corbusier (Le Corbusier)
One of the pioneers of modern architecture, Le Corbusier (1887-1965) was a prominent French architect of Swiss origin, designer, artist and town planner.
His career spanned five decades, during which time he built many buildings in Europe, Japan, India, and North and South America. As a renowned urban planner, Le Corbusier even made a master plan for the Indian city Chandiharg (Chandigarh), but is best known for such works as "living unit" (Unité d'Habitation) in Marseille, Villa la Roche (Villa la Roche) in Paris and the Villa Savoye (Villa Savoye) in Poissy (Poissy), France (in the photo).
16. Moshe Safdie (Moshe Safdie)
Born in 1938 in Haifa, Israel, Moshe Safdie is an Israeli-Canadian-American architect, urban designer, educator, theorist and writer. Safdie works are known for their dramatic curves, a set of geometric patterns, using the windows key and placing public green spaces.
He is most recognized for his landmark masterpiece, known as the "Habitat 67" (Habitat 67) in Montreal, Canada (pictured). "Habitat 67" is a model of the residential complex, which was originally conceived as a master's thesis in architecture at McGill University (McGill University), and then was built as a pavilion for the actual "Expo 67" World's Fair.
15. Walter Gropius (Walter Gropius)
Another outstanding pioneer of modern architecture, Walter Gropius (1883-1969) was a German architect and founder of the famous Bauhaus (Bauhaus Art School).
The winner of the international award "Gold Medal IAA" in 1959, Gropius remained in memory not only as the creator of the various buildings, but also the entire region Gropiusshtadta (Gropiusstadt) in Berlin.
The list of his most significant works include plant "Fagus" in Saxony (in the photo), Werkbund Exhibition (Werkbund Exhibition) in Cologne, Baghdad University (University of Baghdad) in Iraq and the building of federal institutions at the John F. Kennedy (John Fitzgerald Kennedy Federal Building) in Boston, Massachusetts.
14. Louis Sullivan (Louis Sullivan)
Known as the "father of skyscrapers" and "father of modernism", Louis Sullivan (1856-1924) was an influential American architect, widely regarded as the founder of the modern skyscraper.
The representative of the Chicago School of Architecture, Sullivan was the second in the history of the architect, received the "Gold Medal of the IAA" posthumously (1944). The most famous works of Sullivan are the National Farmers Bank of Owatonna (National Farmers Bank of Owatonna) Minnesota (pictured), the National Commercial Bank (Merchants National Bank) in Grinnell (Grinnell), Iowa, and the building of the Chicago Stock Exchange (Chicago Stock Exchange Building ) in Chicago, Illinois.
13. Alvaro Siza (Alvaro Siza)
Born in 1933 in Porto, Portugal, Alvaro Siza is a renowned Portuguese architect and teacher of architecture. In 1992 he was awarded the prestigious Pritzker Prize for the renovation project, which he coordinated in the Chiado (Chiado) in Lisbon, in the historic part of the commercial, completely destroyed by fire in August 1988.
Many of the most famous works of Siza located in his hometown of Porto Cafe Boa Nova, Faculty of Architecture and the Museum of Contemporary Art Serralves (Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art). He is also the author of the famous Museum of Ibero Camargo Foundation (Ibere Camargo Foundation Museum) in Porto Alegre (Porto Alegre), Brazil (see photo).
12. Jørn Utzon (Jorn Utzon)
Jørn Utzon (1918-2008) was a Danish architect most famous for his project of a landmark Sydney Opera House (Sydney Opera House), Australia (pictured).
Utzon won a competition to design the Sydney Opera House in 1957. His application was one of 233 projects from 32 countries, many of which were represented by more renowned architects of the time.
When in 2007, the Sydney Opera House was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Utzon became the second architect in vivo to receive this recognition for one of his works.
Utzon had strong Scandinavian sense of taking care of nature, which in its projects emphasized the synthesis of form, material and function for public values.
11. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (Ludwig Mies van der Rohe)
commonly referred to simply Mies, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969) was a prominent German-American architect. Along with Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius and Frank Lloyd Wright, he is considered one of the most important pioneers of modernist architecture.
Mies created a powerful architectural style of the XX century, to establish trends utmost clarity and simplicity. He designed a number of buildings in different countries, but is best known as the author of the German Pavilion in Barcelona (Barcelona Pavilion), Villa Tugendhat (Tugendhat House) in Brno, Czech Republic, as well as its US operation, such as IBM Plaza and buildings on Lake Shore Drive 860/880 (860-880 Lake Shore Drive) to Chicago (in the photo).
10. Jan Kaplický (Jan Kaplicky)
The world-famous Czech architect Jan Kaplický neofuturist (1937-2009) was a leading architect of the innovative London-based Future Systems design bureau.
Kaplitsky was born and raised in Prague, former Czechoslovakia, but a significant part of their lives spent in the UK, where he created his masterpieces - neofuturisticheskoe building Selfridges shopping center in Birmingham and the press center at the London stadium for cricket Lord's Cricket Ground.
9. Ben van Berkel (Ben van Berkel)
Born in 1957 in Utrecht (Utrecht), The Netherlands, Ben van Berkel is a Danish architect, working in architecture UNStudio Office.
Despite the fact that Ben van Berkel is one of the young architects in the list, it has already received many awards, such as the award Eileen Gray (Eileen Gray Award) (1983), Award of Charlotte Köhler (Charlotte Kohler Award) (1991).
Most notable are the works of Berkeley Erasmus bridge (Erasmus Bridge) in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and the Mercedes-Benz Museum (Mercedes-Benz Museum then) to Stuttgart (Stuttgart You), Germany (pictured).
8. David Childs (David Childs)
Born in 1941 in Princeton (Princeton), New Jersey, David Childs is an American architect and honorary chairman of the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.
Childs majored in zoology before he studied architecture at the Yale School of Architecture (Yale School of Architecture), where he received a master's degree in 1967.
He is the author of many well-known projects such as 1201 Pennsylvania Avenue (1201 Pennsylvania Avenue), Hotel "Four Seasons" in Washington, DC, or Uorldvayd Plaza (Worldwide Plaza) and 450 Lexington Avenue (450 Lexington Avenue) in New York of York, however, it is best known as the architect of the World Trade center-1 (one World Trade center) in lower Manhattan (pictured).
7. Gang Joan (Jeanne Gang)
Born in 1964 in Belvidere (Belvidere), Illinois, Joan Gang is an American architect and head of Studio Gang Architects, the architectural and design company based in Chicago and New York.
As one of the most successful architects of women, the Ganges is known in many projects, such as the Center for Social Justice Arkus (Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership) at the College Kalamazoo, Boat hangar WMS (WMS Boathouse) in Clark Park (Clark Park) on the river Chicago and natural promenade zoo in Lincoln (Lincoln Park zoo), but the most emblematic of her work is the "Aqua" (Agua), 87-storey multi-residential mixed-use skyscraper in downtown Chicago (see photo).
6. Eang Ken (Ken Yeang)
Born in 1948 in Penang (Penang), Malaysia, Ken Eang is a Malaysian architect, environmentalist and writer, known for its typical "green" architecture and environmental planning. Eang is a pioneer in the field of "green" design and environmental planning, doing architecture and conducting research in this area since 1971.
British newspaper The Guardian called it "one of the 50 people who could save the planet." Its revolutionary "green" approach is best demonstrated by the example of its landmark buildings, high-rise of the National Library of Singapore (National Library of Singapore) (pictured), which includes two gardens on the roof.
5. Foster Norman (Norman Foster)
Born in 1935 in Stockport (Stockport), UK, Sir Norman Foster is a well-known British architect whose company Foster + Partners lead the international practice, is famous for its high-tech architecture.
Being one of the most prolific contemporary British architects, he was awarded the Pritzker Prize in 1999, is considered the equivalent of a Nobel Prize, but in the field of architecture.
Foster is the author of projects many of the major attractions of the UK, such as the skyscraper, "Cucumber" (tower of St Mary Ax 30) in London (pictured), the building of "Willis" company (Willis Building) in Ipswich (Ipswich) and the new Wembley Stadium (Wembley Stadium) in London.
4. Oscar Niemeyer (Oscar Niemeyer)
As one of the most influential architects of the XX century, Oscar Niemeyer (1907-2012) is considered one of the key figures who played a role in the development of modern architecture.
Niemeyer was best known for the design of civil buildings in Brazil, the buildings of the city that became the capital of Brazil in 1960, as well as his collaborations with other architects in the design of the UN headquarters in New York.
Known for using his works of abstract shapes and curves, Niemeyer designed a number of buildings throughout Brazil, including such masterpieces as the National Museum of Brazil (Brazilian National Museum), the tower in a city park Natal (Natal City Park Tower) and the Museum of Modern Art in Niteroi (The Niteroi Contemporary Art Museum) (see photo).
3. Alvar Aalto (Alvar Aalto)
Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) was a leading Finnish architect, designer, sculptor and painter. He was extremely versatile creator, and engaged not only in architecture but also design, furniture, textiles and glassware.
His long and fruitful career of architect, with 1920 on 1970, is reflected in the different styles of his work, ranging from the north of neoclassicism in his early works, and rational international modernism in the 1930s to a more organic modernist style in 1940- ies and after.
Two of his greatest projects are the Palace "Finland" (Finlandia Hall) in Helsinki (in the photo) and the Opera House Aalto (Aalto Theater Opera House) in Essen (Essen), Germany.
2. Walter Burley Griffin (Walter Burley Griffin)
Walter Burley Griffin (1876-1937) was an American architect and city planner. Under the influence of the Chicago School of prairie (Prairie School), he developed a unique contemporary style. Griffin worked in partnership with his wife Marion Mahony Griffin (Marion Mahony Griffin).
He is best known for his work on the layout of Canberra (The Canberra) Australian capital (in the photo), but also designed many other cities, buildings and structures, such as the Library of the University in Lahnau (Lucknow Library) in India, the family house Emery Elmhorste ( Elmhurst), Illinois, John Gole house in Chicago, Illinois, and many others.
1. Bjarke Ingels (Bjarke Ingels)
Born in 1974 in Copenhagen, Denmark, Bjarke Ingels is a leading Danish architect who is known for designing buildings that challenge the traditional architectural canons and size. His projects include the idea of sustainable development and sociological concepts, along with slanted lines, integrated into the environment. Bjarke Ingels has developed many projects in several countries, such as residential complex "8 House is" (in the photo), an eco-resort in Azerbaijan (zero emission of pollutants into the atmosphere), which is described as "one of the world's largest eco-development ", and an apartment building on West 57 in Manhattan, New York.