Utopia on Africa: Ethiopian village where feminism is the law
• Utopia of Africa: Ethiopian village where feminism is the law of
Between valleys and rocky gorges of the Ethiopian highlands hidden municipality that challenges the norms of traditional society. Aura village Amba (Awra Amba), founded 44 years ago, is thriving, although many attempts of Western civilization to create a similar company failed. This settlement is a utopian dream: the ideal society for women, children and the elderly.
Amba village Aura can be characterized as a communist, puritanical, feminist, and even religious, but 450 of its residents are wary of such a characteristic.
At the heart of the community is based on four principles: respect for women's rights, the rights of children, care for the elderly and vulnerable people, as well as to avoid anti-social behavior. Today, life settlement Aura Amba regulated 13th democratically elected committees, which cover everything from education and to the resolution of conflicts, as well as the security of orphans.
Much of the philosophical system stems from the history of life Zumra Nur, founder of the community. It is said that at the age of two years, he began to ask questions about the inequality of people, which adults do not know what to say.
Library Amba Aura consists mainly of textbooks for schoolchildren.
As a child, he watched the lives of parents and how his mother worked a lot. Despite the fact that he had not received any education at the age of four years Zamri Nuru has formulated four basic principles of his beliefs through the observation of the world around him.
After leaving the house, Nuru met a group of farmers in the area of Lake Fogera who listened to his ideas. Together they organized a commune Aura Amba in 1972.
In a society that they have created, the equality of men and women is not discussed. Men are responsible for half of the housework and child-rearing, while women make up half the workforce in the male occupations, such as plowing fields. There is no shame or disgrace for those who do it. In this progressive society often repeat the phrase Freeze Nuru: "When I do a woman's work, I have not lost courage, but only ignorance."
The community members participate in the joint cultivation of crops and cattle, where the work is distributed according to his ability. Each participant of the cooperative receives the same income regardless of what kind of work they do, and the rest of the money is reinvested in the community industry.
Losing part of farmland in 1988 as a result of persecution by the authorities, and not understanding the local population, the community turned to textile products as a new source of income. This proved to be another exercise in the field of gender equality. Women Aura Amba work on looms with their male colleagues in the only factory in the village, as well as at home.
People who can not work are provided with free accommodation, food and care.
In kindergarten Aura Amba.
The key to success Aura Amba is to ensure freedom. While social rules are strict, the villagers can come and go as they please, and can even give up financial commitments. They are also encouraged to leave the village for a few years with the entry into adulthood, to broaden their horizons and to create a family.
Retirement Home for Aura Amba. Accommodation and care provided free of charge, and the object is served throughout the commune.
Zumra Nuru not read "Capital", "The Second Sex", or the United Nations Convention; He is illiterate and completely self-taught. But the original ideas of the unique aura of the Ethiopian community Amba, very similar to the ideas of the world's best philosophers and theorists, as well as the classics of utopianism.
Nuru came up with pragmatic solutions to local problems that are constantly solved through joint efforts of the community. People live modestly, but harmoniously, and it is thanks to this tradition continues to thrive Aura Amba.