Olga Ivinskaya and Boris Pasternak: love, for which had to pay for years in prisons and camps
• Ivinskaya Olga and Boris Pasternak: love, for which had to pay for years in prisons and camps
21 years ago, September 8, 1995, passed away Ivinskaya Olga - a woman who was the last love of Boris Pasternak and the prototype of the main character of his novel "Doctor Zhivago". "Lara of my novel" - so called her a famous writer and poet, for whose love Olga Ivinskaya had to pay a heavy price: it was arrested twice, 8 years she had spent in the camps, in prison lost the baby, but remained faithful to his feelings until the last days.
They met in 1946 when Olga Ivinskaya was 34 years old, and Boris Pasternak - 56. She worked as editor of the "New World" in the magazine, where the poet was a frequent visitor. Olga later recalled: "It was a demanding, such estimates this male gaze that was impossible to make a mistake: there came a man really needed me, the man who, in fact, has been with me. And it's an amazing miracle. "
Olga Ivinskaya at that time was a widow and the mother of two children, Boris Pasternak was married Zinaida Neuhaus, which once led to the scandal with his friend, the musician Heinrich Neuhaus. In Pasternak surrounded Ivinskaya took unkindly: many called her arrogant and accused of treachery and baseness. The poet could not leave his wife and son, who was very fond of, and could not break up with a woman, devoted all his secrets and creative ideas. He talked about Ivinskaya: "She - the embodiment of cheerfulness and self-sacrifice. According to her quietly that she suffered in life ... It is dedicated to my spiritual life and in all my literary affairs ... ".
A few times Pasternak tried to move away from Ivinskaya, but every time I come back. "The parting was sad: BP said he did not have the right to love, everything good is no longer for him, he is a man of duty, and I must not distract him from the beaten track of life and work, but take care of me, he will be a lifetime "- says Olga those days. In a conversation with a friend of the writer confessed: "I am all, and my soul, and love, and my work, everything belongs to Olia, and Zina, his wife, left alone decorum, but let it it remains that some should stay, I told her so I obliged. "
Boris Pasternak Olga Ivinskaya in Izmalkova, 1953
But the most terrible test for Ivinskaya began in 1949, when she was arrested and charged with the fact that it is allegedly ready to escape abroad with Pasternak. During interrogations, they tortured her, forcing to admit that a poet working for British intelligence. After one such interrogation Ivinskaya lost a child - at the time she was 6 months pregnant. It condemned "for its proximity to persons suspected of espionage." 3, 5, a woman held in camps.
Pasternak at this time took care of her children - the more he could do nothing to help the beloved and very upset because of this: "It was put out for me as the closest person to me, so that on the torturous interrogation under threat to get the it sufficient grounds for my prosecution. Her heroism and endurance I owe my life and what I have in those years did not touch. " In 1953 Ivinskaya released. After that, their romance broke out with renewed vigor.
In 1955 Pasternak finished work on "Doctor Zhivago." Neither the Soviet publishing house decided not to publish the novel. After 2 years, the novel was published in Italy, and in 1958, the writer awarded the Nobel Prize. After that, the Soviet Union started a real persecution of Pasternak. He was accused of treachery and treason. Olga recalled: "Many of my friends then stopped to visit us. It creates a sense that we are in the pen. " The premium had to be abandoned. And in May 1960, Pasternak died of lung cancer.
From Olga Ivinskaya then turned away even close. In her address the charges continued to pour in, and in summer 1960 it was again arrested, convicted of smuggling - it received from overseas fees for the publication of "Doctor Zhivago." Woman again sentenced to 8 years in the camps. She was released after 4 years, and was rehabilitated only in 1988. In the early 1990s, Olga Vsevolodovna wrote: "I am 82 years old and I do not want to die offended and spat upon. What is happening is humiliating for me no less than the silly speculation and flows purposeful slander ... ". In 1992, the Soviet Union published its book of memories of Pasternak, and in 1995 Ivinskaya gone.
Boris Pasternak and Olga Ivinskaya, the end of the 1950s