Andropov made for the USSR
Yuri Andropov headed the KGB for 15 years and 15 months, was the General Secretary of the CPSU. During his short reign the country were changed 18 ministers, "re-elected" 37 first secretaries of the Communist Party regional committee
From 1967 to 1982, Yuri Andropov served as Chairman of the KGB of the USSR. It was a time of intense opposition to the Interior Ministry and the KGB. When Brezhnev came to power, he needed a powerful counterweight to the army and the KGB, it was the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the head of which stood close to Brezhnev, Nikolai liquor.
Senior positions in the Political Administration of the Interior Ministry troops occupied in-law of Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Churbanov (about him among the people went to the saying, "Do not have a hundred sheep, and marry as Churbanov").
When the head of the KGB Andropov became, the Committee was not yet of the all-powerful organization, of which he became later. KGB gained momentum against the background of confrontation with the Interior Ministry. Andropov succeeded in creating a well-functioning network of district departments of the KGB, which was in charge of all state organizations and enterprises. Although formally the KGB did not interfere in personnel policy, any important appointment could not take place without the intervention of the Committee. Although bribery and corruption in his department Andropov was nipped in the bud, the KGB, thanks vseobemnosti their influence, privileges enjoyed solid. Andropov increased salaries and bonuses of employees of the Committee.
Scout Mikhail Svetlov wrote: "KGB Andropov introduced in all parts of the state machine. Deputy heads of the "organs" were in radio and television, the Ministry of Culture. " In order to prove the degree of importance of the structure, Andropov led an active struggle with "dissidents" and then with "agents of influence" (a term coined by Andropov in 1972). Strengthen the KGB Andropov succeeded. Proof of this is the large number of former "committee members" in the offices of power in big business.
The fight against corruption
Andropov led the fight against corruption even when he served as chairman of the KGB. Special investigative teams of the USSR KGB in Azerbaijan and Georgia, inspections were carried out, during which were exposed corruption schemes, arrested hundreds of party functionaries, officials and even some district attorneys.
KGB to carry out checks and in the capital's offices, but as long as the power was Brezhnev running high-profile cases is not allowed.
When Andropov became general secretary of the fight against corruption has gained union scale. Andropov started real offensive on the "trade mafia". One of the first was arrested Director Eliseev store Yury Sokolov, caught red-handed while receiving another bribe. He was sentenced to capital punishment.
Further more. For a short time in Moscow alone responsible were involved in more than 15,000 trade professionals. Among other things, the director of deli "Novoarbatsky" Filippov were arrested, the chief Mosplodoovoscheproma Ural'tsev, director of the Kuibyshev raypischeproma Begalman.
Also Andropov spent cleaning among party leaders. In Moscow, it has been replaced by more than 30% of party leaders in Ukraine - 34, Kazakhstan - 32%. The fight against corruption to bear fruit. According to official statistics, the Soviet Union's economy growth rate in 1983 amounted to 4, 2% (compared to 3, 1 - in th 1982); National income grew by 3, 1; industrial production - by 4; agricultural production - by 6%.
Started to replace the elites
Personnel policy Yuri Andropov different determination. Back in the seventies, he created the "inner game" of his followers in the elite circles of the USSR. At the same time he reduced them to "Five", five each only knew each other - but they do not know about the other. This principle Andropov may have inherited from his teacher Otto Kuusinen, which consisted of a Masonic lodge.
Andropov we "grateful" for the fact that he introduced in the Politburo and the "advanced" Mikhail Gorbachev. Andropov also contributed to the promotion of the power ladder, Eduard Shevardnadze, Alexander Yakovlev, Nikolai Ryzhkov and Yegor Ligachev, who replaced the Brezhnev frames.
to slightly open the "iron curtain"
Despite his reputation as a hard fighter against dissidents, Andropov showed a sincere interest in the life of the intelligentsia and even gained fame liberal Secretary General in relation to the creative people.
Andropov knew personally suggest that intellectually he stood on the general gray background Politburo stagnant years, read literary journals, followed with interest the life of art.
Andropov good to abstractionist and even bought their paintings.
On his desk lay the book Hegel and Descartes. When the members of the Politburo Andropov was asked why he had these books, then Yuri replied: "To be, what to talk to you."
In a circle of trusted people Andropov could afford a relatively liberal arguments. What is significant, Andropov began mass production royalties turntable popular Western artists of the genres (rock, disco, synth pop), once considered ideologically unacceptable - it had to undermine the economic basis of speculation phonograph records and magnetic records. So slowly lifts the ideological "Iron Curtain".
Not every head of state honored with "honor" go down in history thanks to the people's nicknamed one of the most "popular" products. It succeeded Andropov. Will go on sale September 1, 1983 vodka was first called the "schoolgirl" or "pervoklasnitsey". Half-liter bottle of economy in the last years of Brezhnev's rule cost 5.30 and invariably expensive, new vodka cost 4.70 rubles. Soviet citizens appreciated and it was called "Andropovkoy". The name of the same drink at one time stands for "That's What It Good Andropov". Became legendary "Andropovka" lived for a short time, and after two or three years in the days of Gorbachev quietly came to nothing, though it remained a Soviet vodka hit of the season 1983-1984 years.
to prevent the emergence of missiles in Europe
In international policy issues Andropov adhered to in principle, a tough position. In July 1983, Andropov took the Kremlin Chancellor Helmut Kohl and Foreign Minister Hans Genscher. At the meeting was the question of the deployment of US "Pershing" in Europe. Andropov was firm: "Let the West not to doubt. The appearance of "Pershing" in Europe means that we will respond. " Determination of their intentions Andropov showed September 1, 1983, when in the sky over Sakhalin during the span over Soviet territory was hit by the South Korean "Boeing 747".