"Scandalous" products in the history of Russia
For the use of certain products for some time it was possible to pay with their lives, but something of a familiar food today has long been considered "devils" and poisoned.
For the first time tobacco in Russia appeared in the XVI-XVII centuries. When Ivan the Terrible and his successors tobacco brought English merchants, he found himself in Muscovy in the luggage officers mercenaries, with the forces of the interventionists and the Cossacks during the Troubles.
Smoot has ended - began to be stopped, and all by the standards, the attributes of free thought: when Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov tobacco was in a brutal disgrace.
After a major fire in Moscow in 1634, the cause of which is acknowledged smoking ban has been introduced under penalty of death.
In fact, disobedient executed rarely, most often the smoker threatened "only" a "cut" of the nose. Well, modern Ministry of Health is not original in his warning: in the XVII century, smoking kills and a visible injury.
The Government of Alexei Mikhailovich in 1646 monopolized the sale of tobacco, it is reasonable to seeing in this state benefit. However, the powerful Patriarch Nikon, has a tremendous influence on the young king, made recovery of draconian measures against "bogomerzkih potion"
In the Code of the Cathedral in 1649 ordered to punish smokers beating Batog, the nostrils and reference, and this applies to women.
Only in 1716 the first Russian tobacco factory was founded in Ukraine. A little later they appeared in St. Petersburg and Moscow. Tobacco Little Russia at that time was distinguished as high quality, which was delivered even abroad.
Veal with horseradish, roasted ribs, veal with mushrooms in a pot - one of the names of mouth-watering! For a long time these dishes were unavailable to our ancestors. And it's not that the calves were inviolable, and thrift Russian peasants. Many centuries in a row in Russia there was a ban on the consumption of veal.
Initially, it was called the peasant care about saving young - in the slaughter of a calf with a view to enjoy its tender meat, he saw an unforgivable extravagance. Then this practice has become a tradition, and took on the character of the mystical ban.
This was written and foreign visitors to our country, for example, Jacques Margeret: "As for the bulls and cows, they will multiply as striking as do not eat veal throughout Russia ...".
Only at the end of the XVIII century it was the veal dish dinner tables of the nobility, and later appeared on more modest tables.
"! And I - Tomato" - exclaimed compunctionate toddler in television commercials: today red fruit is known and loved by people of all ages, but once this vegetable could not take place on the table of our ancestors.
Officially, the tomatoes were never banned, but their edible recognized not immediately.
For a long time they were considered poisonous, even in tomatoes entrenched popular nicknames: they were called "frantic berries", "sinful fruits" and "psinka".
In Russia, the tomatoes were presumably in the second half of the XVIII century in Europe. Initially tomatoes in Russia used as a decoration for fences, garden arbors. The combination of dark green foliage and red fruit like housewives: pots with sprouts of tomatoes were used as houseplants on window sills.
Among the nobles at the Russian imperial court had decided to give the beloved small bushes of tomatoes as a sign of eternal love and fidelity.
A little later, the healing properties of tomato were opened paste of pureed fruit was considered the best cure for wounds. It was only at the turn of XVIII-XIX centuries tomatoes were referred to the number of edible crops. Wide as the spread of the berries began only after World War II.
The coffee was banned in many countries over the years: from the Arab coast to Europe, he was considered "the devil's potion."
British lady found that a drink that "dries" in their husbands desire to spouses.
No wonder Russia has earned the reputation of paradoxical state was precarious and the situation with the introduction of coffee in Russia. In fact, we did not forbid it, and even forced to drink ....
During the reign of Peter I the coffee got its spread throughout Russia. Peter himself is addicted to "restorative potion" during a trip to Holland.
Upon arrival, he issued a decree ordering serve coffee in their assemblies. And even more - began to offer coffee at the entrance to the Cabinet of Curiosities. But drinking in Russia lacked national drink: kvass, Sbitnev, herbal tinctures and decoctions and insanely expensive beans are not particularly fascinated people.
The people also believe that coffee is given by the devil himself. Even a proverb like "Tea cursed in three councils, and coffee in the seven."
The most passionate lover of coffee was the Empress Catherine II. To cook for the empress five cups, cooks used 400 g of ground beans - less strong drink she did not recognize.
Russian table and rural life now inseparably associated with drinking tea, samovar and intimate conversations during the long winter evenings. But the tea, so beloved in the world today, in Russia were not immediately accepted.
The people even existed proverb about "sinful" drink: "Who drinks tea, despairs of God who drink coffee - imposes Cove on Christ."
In 1638 a royal equerry Vasily Starkov, as Ambassador to Mongolia for the first time at the feast tasted the drink, which he liked. Seeing this, the Altyn-Khan sent to the Russian Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich several tons of tea.
At first, the Russian nobles have not figured out what to do with them. But then decided to pour boiling water and drink has become a favorite on the royal table. For farmers overseas welding was available, it was used only in special cases. Therefore, there was the phrase "some tea to indulge." Many poor people do not even know how to make tea. such humorous poems have been written on this subject by Vasily Zhukovsky:
Just sent me a tea master and told him to cook. But he has never, I know how this tea cook took then poured some water, add the tea I'm all into the pot. And season with onion, peppers, parsley root yes.
I poured the concoction on the bowl, thoroughly stir, cool it a bit. At the master's table filed. Guests with a gentleman spat. He azhno furious and sending to the stables, I was ordered to be flogged.
Long thought, wondering, "What could please?" And then-then realized that I forgot to add salt.
Potatoes as it would later be called the "second bread" in Russia is not that was banned, but take root, but rather boring, it is among the people for a long time.
In Russia it has been delivered late, at the beginning of the XVIII century. Made it a recognized fan of Peter I. Overseas dishes taste of root crops in the Netherlands, he has ordered the delivery to Russia tuber bag for planting and growing.
In our land of the potato caught on very well, but the Russian peasants were afraid of the unknown plant and often refused to grow it.
In addition, the first time were often cases of poisoning. This usually occurs because of the inability to properly use the root. The peasants ate berries, resembling small tomatoes, which are known, are not suitable for food and even poisonous.
I did not like the people's ear the name: farmers found out that the word "potato" comes from the German words "Kraft Teufel", which means "the devil's power."
There is a funny story, a myth about how Peter raised the popularity of potato. The king ordered to plant the fields potatoes and put to him an armed guard, which was a full day and night to guard the fields, and spending the night sleeping. The temptation was great, peasants from nearby villages could not resist stealing potatoes, which became for them the sweet forbidden fruit, landing on their sites.
Konin man began to eat many years ago. Wild horse was prey to primitive hunters. Yes, and tamed it as a source of edible meat. In the I century AD, the Church of Christ kept the Old Testament prohibition of eating horse meat.
For a long time all over the world, horses are not allowed on the meat because of their economic value. With the advent of machines in the XIX century, the ban on the consumption of horse meat in the food has been removed, in Russia it happened in 1867. After Europe swept the epidemic diseases of cattle, horsemeat sales skyrocketed.
But horse meat is still regarded with prejudice: for many Russians to eat horse meat, which is perceived as man's best friend, is not acceptable.
In some English-speaking countries there is a ban on the use of meat. This meat is also forbidden to orthodox Jews.
Incidentally, among the Europeans spread the myth of the bad taste of horsemeat. This is due to the fact that during the retreat from Moscow Napoleon's soldiers ate dead horses, instead of using salt and seasoning powder, which caused numerous food poisoning.