Stories of Americans who escaped to the USSR
September 20, 1959 dismissed nine days earlier from the Marine Corps ranks of the pro-Soviet and radical views of Lee Harvey Oswald went to the Soviet Union. In the USSR, the American had lived a little longer, in contrast to many of his countrymen and swapped life in the US to become a Soviet citizen.
Black actors, scientists, spies, engineers and dancers - all of them found in the Soviet Union, what they lacked in their home country.
Lee Harvey Oswald
In October 1959, shortly before his twentieth birthday, a former Marine arrived in the Soviet Union. The American went to the United Kingdom under the pretext of studying in Switzerland, but the same day went by plane to Helsinki, where he received a Soviet visa.
Immediately after the arrival of Oswald said he wanted to get Soviet citizenship, but on October 21 of his application was rejected. Then Oswald directly at the hotel cut his veins in the left arm, after which he was sent to a psychiatric hospital.
A week later, he came to the US Embassy in Moscow to give up US citizenship. About Marine flight to the Soviet Union, it was reported on the front page of the Associated Press and other publications in 1959.
Oswald wanted to study at the Moscow State University, but was sent to work as a turner at the Minsk Radio Plant named after Lenin. In Minsk he received benefits and furnished studio apartment in a prestigious building, at the same time is constantly under surveillance.
Soon Oswald got bored: "I'm starting to reconsider his desire to stay. Jobs gray, there is no place to spend money, no nightclubs and bowling, there are no places of rest, except for the trade union dances. enough "With me. He wrote to the US Embassy in Moscow a request for the return of his passport and the US offer to return to the United States.
In the USSR, Oswald got acquainted with 19-year-old student Marina Prusakova, whom he married. The couple's daughter was born on June, and May 24, 1962 the family left the Soviet Union.
Later at home, Oswald was arrested for the murder of a police officer about 40 minutes after Kennedy was shot. After which he became the prime suspect in the murder of Kennedy.
It was believed that a man 5, 6 seconds made three shots in the presidential car from the sixth floor book store in Dallas, and then killed the local police. According to the Commission, he "acted alone and without anyone's advice or assistance."
Oswald denied involvement in both murders, and two days later, during the transfer to the county jail, was shot dead the owner of a night club. This murder fell into the TV report was aired live.
The actor first came to the USSR in 1932 as a member of the African-American troupe James Hughes, dreamed of creating a theater in the Soviet Union.
Soon Patterson, who knows English, invited to work as an announcer broadcasting division in North America. Later, along with his wife, Ukrainian artist, he worked at the Moscow film studio.
In October 1941, Lloyd was wounded by explosion of German bombs, and then worked as an announcer in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, where a few months later during one of the shows lost consciousness. Patterson died on March 9, 1942. He was 32 years old.
His son Jim two years has played a role in the film "The Circus", later he served as captain of the submariner, a writer and worked on his father left his homeland in 1994.
Biologist from the United States with his wife in 1986, asked for political asylum in the Soviet Union because of the persecution of the secret services of the communist convictions.
The pair traveled around the country with a press conference at which Lokshin denounced US intelligence agencies. Until the late 90's Doctor of Biological Sciences worked in the laboratory of the Institute of Experimental Diagnostics and Tumor Therapy Oncology Scientific Center named after NN Blokhin.
Soviet citizenship Lokshin have never received, and in 1992 by decree of Boris Yeltsin, they were already granted Russian citizenship. In 2001, Arnold Lokshin retired, trying to make pension payments and from the United States.
Now one scientist lives in Moscow's Novye Cheryomushki, is your blog. His wife, Lauren Lokshin and their three children also live in Russia, but separately. According to Arnold, a relationship with them it does not support, because "they crossed to the other side of the barricades."
Edward Lee Howard
Together with his wife a few years working for the CIA, but was fired for drug use.
KGB employee fled to the US embassy in Rome and during interrogation provided information about two American intelligence officers who were agents of the KGB - Edward Lee Howard and Ronald Pelton.
Howard flew to Helsinki and fled to the Soviet Embassy. Until the end of his life, he maintained that he was innocent and was the victim of slander, which is why he had to flee.
In 1995 he published a memoir of Howard Safe House, in which he talked about the fact that he was ready to plea bargain.
Howard died on July 12, 2002 at his summer residence of the Russian under mysterious circumstances: he fell in his home and broke his neck.
Roy Franklin Barton
American ethnologist and explorer of the Philippines Austronesian peoples Ifugao, decided to emigrate to the Soviet Union in 1930, shortly after the start of the Great Depression. Scientist have long interested in socialism, and fled to avoid paying child support.
In the USSR, he would immediately take anthropology, but was initially forced to work six months in hospital Dental Institute in Leningrad.
In 1935 he defended his thesis on the pagan beliefs in New Guinea, participated in the anti-religious exhibitions, married a Soviet woman, but with all that has kept American citizenship.
From 1938 to 1940, Barton worked in India and Indonesia, the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnology of the Academy of Sciences, but in May 1940 he suddenly came to the US Embassy in Moscow, asking to restore the effect of his US passport and said he feared from arrest NKVD.
was subsequently revealed the secret ties Barton and the NKVD, however, not known what kind of work he was doing and why feared arrest. In 1940, he was allowed to travel to the United States.
Radio engineer along with his friend worked for Western Electric, perform military orders. Being in contact with the Soviet spy Feklisov, they passed to Soviet intelligence technical information about US Army military systems.
In 1950, Barr learned about the trial of Rosenbergs, with whom he was acquainted, and he fled to Czechoslovakia. There he received a new name, Joseph Berg. In 1956, Berg with a colleague came to the USSR, which played an important role in the development of Soviet microelectronics.
They create in the USSR the first UM-1 desktop computer and its modification of the UM-1NH, for which they were awarded the State Prize. In 1962, KB visited Khrushchev himself, on which it made a big impression.
Berg continued to work for Soviet science and died in Moscow on August 1, 1998.
Born May 9, Los Angeles, and in 1930 her father-communist moved with his family to the USSR.
Then she graduated from the Moscow Ballet School at the Bolshoi Theater in the class teacher Mary Kozhukhova, after which she was admitted to the ballet troupe of the Musical Theater of Stanislavsky.
Violetta was a prima ballerina of the troupe before the beginning of the 1980s, and danced to 55 years.
In the face of Violetta America has lost an outstanding dancer, which combined virtuoso ballet technique with psychological development roles in the works. Until his death worked Violetta teacher-coach of the theater.
Since 1946, she held the position of clerk of the US embassy in the USSR, working in an office to collect information, including an illustrated Russian-language magazine "America".
Two years later, Annabelle was married to opera singer Konstantin Lapshin and wished to remain to live in the Soviet Union. She said: "It's good people ... they do everything possible to make this world a better place to live."
In 1949, the Moscow publishing house "Literary Gazette" published her book "The Truth about American diplomacy," where it is exposed morally degraded employees of the American Embassy in the USSR.
Byukar remained with his new family in Moscow, gave birth to a son, worked as an announcer on the radio. "This atmosphere of peace, tranquility and happiness in the Soviet Union is particularly beneficial in these days when the war propaganda and war psychosis prevails in many countries around the world, I can easily understand how this all detrimental effect on the nerves and the health of ordinary people," - she said . Annabelle died in Moscow in 1998.
A girl from a young age joined the US Communist Party, and in 1931 the Soviet scout Einhorn was involved in illegal intelligence work. The first appointment Kitty received in Germany - in Berlin. Several visits to Moscow, where she studied under the direction of William Fisher.
In April 1936, was sent to Paris for a radio operator NKVD illegal radio station, and June 22, 1941 wrote a letter to the head of Soviet foreign intelligence, "Please give me a job immediately. I can go to the front as a radio operator, I can make clothes for the soldiers, in the end, with my experience of illegal work, I'm not afraid of work behind enemy lines. "
But she was sent to the United States, and later moved to Mexico. Harris returned to Moscow in July 1946. She was sent to Riga, where four years later, she was arrested and sent for compulsory treatment in a prison psychiatric hospital in Gorky. After his release, Kitty remained in Gorky, where she lived until her death in 1966.
and Leontine Theresa Morris Cohen
The couple worked for Soviet intelligence for almost 30 years, until they were declassified in the UK.
Coen spent several years in prison in the UK before being exchanged for a British spy. The couple settled in Moscow, received Soviet citizenship.
Morris Cohen rest of his life dedicated to the training of future specialists of the intelligence community and the Soviet Union, died in 1995. His wife had died three years earlier.