Forgotten details Russian military uniforms
Modern military uniform seems convenient not every recruit. But what did not the soldiers had to carry the old days. Some of these details are simply astonishing! However, it may take what some 50-100 years, and great-grandchildren will be surprised to look at Kalashnikovs, who in 2017 had not yet !, digital and multi-layer form without freezing winter sensors.
So called ekonomvariant military armor, popular during the time of Ivan the Terrible in Russian and Tatar - tightly quilted coat, worn over clothing. Between the layers of fabric put cotton, hemp, sometimes scraps of material from the shell or mail. The sleeves reached only to the elbow to the hand kept free. Tegilyay almost as good as armor, protecting the body from the chop and especially from arrows - but certainly not from a direct blow with a spear. This "jacket" is of Asian origin, and in Russia was first mentioned in the XV century, when describing the armed militias.
This belt sling, which was worn over the left shoulder. We used it throughout Europe in the infantry troops, armed with firearms. All that append to berendeyke, it was necessary for loading rifles. In Russia berendeykami used Pishalnikov, and later - archers. By the end of the XVII century it was invented paper cartridges with ready charge, and berendeyka fell into disuse.
Neck big metal plaque appeared in an officer's uniform under Peter I. On the origin gorget - part of the armor, a collar to protect the neck and throat, and he meant "noble" knight's carrier status. Badge was made from silver or gold elements have different image denoting rank and regiment, which serves officer.
In 1858, the insignia finally moved to the shoulder straps and epaulettes. Gorget was canceled. Since 1884, he relied subaltern officers separate the Guards regiments to wear with dress uniform, sometimes as a mark of distinction.
Silk scarf with tassels at Peter I was the first officer difference form of the soldier. From 1700 to 1732 he was a red-blue-white, worn over the shoulder and tied a knot at the waist. Later scarf moved on the belt, which was much more convenient, and often worn not on top of, and underneath his uniform jacket on. The colors also change. Under Paul I scarf all officers and generals became silvery with three narrow black and orange stripes.
Later, in the XIX century, scarf remained part of military uniforms, occasionally mutating after a fashion, it was called, and a belt, and a sash. Now its features can be found in the officer ceremonial belt of the Armed Forces.
wig with a plait
At the time of Peter "false hair" relied only officers in dress uniform. Later wigs appeared on soldiers' minds. Peter III, who admired the Prussian king Frederick the Great, fully reproduced in Russian army uniforms of the Prussian soldier: a narrow cut of the then posted the requirements of racks and marching on his feet were stockings and boots with gaiters. Hair combed in a single braid with curls on the sides and dust (the soldiers used just flour). Under Catherine II, many forms of discomfort have been canceled, but her son Paul I returned his father's orders. Only the beginning of the XIX century powdered wigs in the army finally gone.
Mentik, Shako, dolman
Colorful Hussar form was borrowed from the Polish and Hungarian national costume. Dolomanov called jacket with high collar, embroidered with cords. Top throws as decorated Mentik winter worn in the sleeve, the officers of his collar trimmed with fur. The bad weather also was put on a cloth coat. Headdress was a tall spire. Plaits and braids adorned not only the form - the ranks of officers differed on them. On his feet were narrow chakchiry, ie tights, with piping and cords and low ankle boots. Sabretache - flat bag pocket - worn over the right shoulder and hung from the knee. Except for the changes, for some time made military uniforms, Alexander III of, hussar form retained its general form until 1917.
headdress model for the Red Army, the Revolutionary Military Council was approved in early 1919. It was necessary to create something new in order to easily distinguish between the Red Army from the white. Artists inspired by the appearance of ancient heroes. Pointed winter helmet, which could close nazatylnik neck shilsya of protective cloth, and then gray. Front fastened cloth star (its color of each of the armed forces), at her - a star-badge of the Red Army. Of course, the pommel Budenovka and wags called "lightning rod" and "outlet for the steam."
Budenovka worn in the Red Army for a long time, but it has not proven itself in a "winter war" with Finland in 1940: poorly protected from the cold and lead to unmasking in the field. Instead, it introduced a cap with earflaps, but in the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the Red Army has sometimes received Budenovka from warehouses.