When the scientists uncovered a dead sperm whale, they were shocked by what they saw
• When the scientists uncovered a dead sperm whale, they were shocked by what they saw
Last year, on the shores of the North Sea people began to find sperm whales. When scientists opened the largest of them to determine the cause of death of such a huge animal, their eyes opened quite terrible picture: the stomach of a sperm whale was completely packed with plastic and other debris left over from the person.
Sperm whale - the whale deep.
All the German coast in the last year 13 bodies washed up sperm whale, but if you count the dead animals found in other European countries (Holland, France, Denmark, Great Britain), the number will increase to 30. In nature, in the sperm whale has no enemies, but his relationship with a man is hardly friendly. Until the 1980s it was widely kitoboystvo, and the number of sperm whales seriously declined due to the constant hunt for these animals. Now the hunt for sperm whales is forbidden, but human influence is still detrimental to sperm whales: the world ocean pollution has a direct impact on reducing the numbers of these magnificent whales.
A dead sperm whale on the shore of Germany.
Robert Habeck holding a fishing net and a part of the engine found in the sperm whale. German researchers have taken the opening four largest sperm whale found on the shores of the North Sea, to study in detail what led to their deaths. In each of the whales found just an incredible amount of plastic, including the 13-meter fishing net, part of a car engine, a plastic bucket and even car tires.
Inside one of the sperm whales found a 13-meter fishing net.
Pieces of plastic found in the stomach of a sperm whale.
According to the Organization for the Conservation of the number of whales and dolphins, there are many factors that directly or indirectly lead to the death of marine mammals. This may be a noise pollution of the oceans (the noise from vehicles), water contamination as a chemical, and the garbage that is discharged into the ocean. For example, a whale that washed ashore in Scotland three years ago, according to the autopsy, suffered severely from the toxins and poisoning-related stress, which ultimately led to the loss of orientation of the animal in the water.
Moreover, global warming also affects the state of marine animals: changing trends temperature also affects the ability of animals to find their way under the water. It could also be the reason why sperm whales were suddenly deep in a fairly shallow North Sea. Although in reality, the reasons for this may be a few - and plastic as well. When debris gets inside the whale's stomach, he often harms directly from within: the sharp edges of plastic scratch and sometimes break through the wall of the internal organs, toxic elements are poisoning the animal, and the accumulated garbage that never digested, can give fish to false signals of satiety - and thus kit may die of malnutrition.
A dead sperm whale, which washed ashore.
Since the 1980s, after the ban on the hunting of sperm whales, the number of these animals is gradually recovering, but they are still at risk due to the chronic pollution of the world ocean person. And not only sperm whales - alas, from the debris in the water are also affected and other animals.
Plastic is the most chastovstrechayuschimsya trash in the ocean.
The plastic inside the dead seagulls.
The global ocean pollution by plastic.