The most spectacular protected areas of the world
In 1872, on the basis of the decision of President Ulysses S. Grant 898, 3 thousand. Ha. land north-eastern edge of the plain of the Snake River with numerous geysers, canyons, caves, and the inhabitants have been allocated in the world's first national park, known as Yellowstone. From the reserves, national parks are distinguished by the fact that their territory and allowed the tourists to a limited extent permitted business activities.
To date, there are about 7000 national parks in the world. Travel to any of them allows you to plunge into the world of wildlife to see firsthand rare species of flora and close-ups to watch the birds and animals. We will tell you about the parks that travelers and international publications called the most beautiful in the world, unspoiled location.
Area: 19 804 km²
The park's name comes from the tribe "Kakadu" who live in the area. On all sides surrounded by park benches, so that there was formed a unique biological reservation. The park has registered more than 1700 plant species and its fauna is represented by 280 species of birds, 117 species of reptiles, 77 species of fish, 1000 species of insects and 60 species of mammals. The park is also known for the diversity of natural areas from shady swamps and sunny plains to the impenetrable forests.
Area: 14 763 km²
On the plains of the park inhabited by 500 species of birds, and 3,000,000. Especially large animals. During the dry season and the rainy season in the park can be observed unique phenomenon - the migration of the animals moving from October to November from the northern hills to the southern plains, and then to the west and north in April-June. In the north of the park is bordered by the Kenyan Masai Mara reserve, which is an extension of the park, in the south-east of the park is a Biosphere Reserve Ngorongoro.
Fiordland, New Zealand
Area: 12 500 km²
New Zealand's largest national park occupies a large part of the mountainous south-western part of the South Island. On one of the most remote areas of New Zealand placed incredible fjords, waterfalls and mountain ranges. Fiordland Mountains are among the most humid regions on the planet. In areas of the park inhabited by fur seals, Fiordland Penguin, rare species of birds, as well as the world's largest colony of black coral.
Area: 6641 square kilometers
The park is 110-180 kilometers west of Calgary in Alberta. Glaciers, ice fields and glacial lakes, dense coniferous forests and alpine scenery annually attract millions of tourists to the park. The park is home to 56 species of mammals, many of which can be seen with binoculars. In the center of the park is the highest town in Canada, the town of Banff, located at an altitude of 1463 m above sea level.
The Grand Canyon, USA
Area: 4927 square kilometers
One of the oldest US National Park located in the state of Arizona. The main asset of the national park is a gorge of the Colorado River. Its length is 350 km, and its depth reaches 1900 meters. Formed the canyon for about 10 million years:. Here is as much as 4 geological age of the Earth. Canyon filled with numerous cliffs of the most incredible shapes that resemble towers, pyramids and temples.
Area: 3081 square kilometers
The park is situated on the western slopes of the mountain range Sierra Nevada. The hallmark of the park are the giant sequoias, the rock El Capitan, domes Half Dome and many waterfalls. Yosemite includes five major vegetation zones. The length of the tourist routes in the territory of the protected area is 1300 km.
Torres del Paine National Park, Chile,
Area: 2 420 km²
Park is located 140 kilometers north of the town of Puerto Natales, in the south of Chile. Symbols of the park are the numerous mountains, the height of which can be up to 3000 meters, glaciers, fjords and lakes. The highest point in the park - Mount Paine Grande at 3050 meters high. Another hallmark of the park is a large variety of fauna is home to 118 species of birds and 26 mammals, including the guanaco, the puma, the Andean deer, South American gray fox. In the park, almost all landscapes of Patagonia.
Lake District, United Kingdom
Area: 2 292 km²
The name of the park was blagodraya abundance of lakes. The park was formed by glaciers. The boundaries of the protected area is almost the same as the Cumberland Mountains. In the park there are the four largest lakes in England - Windermere, Ullswater, Bassenthwaite, Derwentwater and the highest mountain in England, Scafell Pike.
Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park, Japan
Area: 1 227 km²
The park is located in the central part of Honshu island. The composition of the park includes five of the world famous Lakes of Mount Fuji. Among other natural attractions of the park - Mount Fuji, waterfalls, mountain lakes, hot springs and volcanic islands. Through the park laid monorail, which can be seen the main beauty of the park. Hikers can also inspect the park favorite way.
Swiss National Park, Switzerland
Area: 172 square kilometers 4
The only national park in Switzerland is located in the Engadin Valley. Park includes the area of the Alps at altitudes between 1400 and 3174 meters above sea level. In terms of wildlife in the park, you can watch the mountain goats, chamois, marmots, northern hares, lizards and innumerable birds. The park has allocated 21 tourist trail, with a total length of 80 km.
Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica
Area: 6.81 km²
Manuel Antonio is one of the smallest national parks. Despite its small size, within the park, you can find tropical rainforests and beaches and rocky headlands. The park is home to 184 species of birds and 109 species of mammals, including local symbols - sloth, iguanas and howler monkey.
Is a park in the south of China, on the banks of the Lijiang River. Translated from the Chinese "Guilin" means "forest of cassia trees." The name was not chosen by chance, because the local limestone pillars in appearance resemble the stone forest. Mount cover dense vegetation consisting of vines, trees and flowers. The best way to see all the beauty of nature - take a boat trip on the Lijiang River from Guilin to Yangshuo.