10 historical misconceptions that many accept at face value
Today you can find almost any information on the Internet. The truth is often the case that the information is not true, and many people are taking these "historical errors" at face value. In this review, the facts that are intended to dispel the myths.
Nero fiddled as Rome burned
The story is known to all 64 BC. e. Rome is burning and Nero played the fiddle. But this is impossible. Firstly, the violin was invented in 1600 years. But even if the violin was, Nero could play it only at a distance of 30 miles from the burning of Rome, as in a fire, he was not in the Eternal City, and in his villa in the suburbs.
Some scholars are inclined to think that Nero is not just played the violin, but simply dormant. Even the Roman historians tell the story of the Great Fire of Rome in different ways, but none of them does not respond positively to Nero. Today it is difficult to say exactly what really did Nero when Rome burned, but it is known that after a fire all subjects hated him.
Caligula appointed horse a consul
The Roman historian Suetonius left to posterity a lot of interesting stories, but perhaps the best of them are stories about Caligula. It is thanks to Suetonius appeared "fact" that Caligula appointed his horse consul of Rome. But modern historians Suetonius read the text carefully, and concluded that it was a joke. However, this fact no evidence of any denials ... only Suetonius records.
The Spartans killed sick children
Greek writer Plutarch said that every newborn child brought to the Spartan elders who decided to be a child to live, or it should be thrown into a pit to die (if the child is born with any defects). For many centuries it was accepted as truth. But during the archaeological excavations in the area where she was supposed to be a pit, the remains of infants were found. It is possible that Plutarch just wanted to put the Spartans in a bad light.
If archaeologists are right, Plutarch can be considered propaganda mouthpiece of the time. But there is one fact that Plutarch criticized Spartans for infanticide, the Greek physician Soranus wrote an article entitled "How to recognize the newborn, which should get rid of." This article encourages parents to kill disabled or sick children. And what about the hole - it is possible that either Plutarch made a mistake as to its location, or 2000 years have changed the geography.
Pocahontas and John Smith
Today, there is a perception that the well-known story about how a daughter Pocahontas Indian chief risked her life to save John Smith, a beautiful fairy tale. The theory is that John Smith himself came up with the story, to "cling" to the glory of Pocahontas. But Professor Leo LeMay detailed study of this theory and found a few discrepancies.
On the one hand, John Smith was the man who created the first English settlement in North America, as indicated in the history books. He was very familiar with Pocahontas. In addition, there is no reason to believe that John Smith is a liar. And yet ... no one disputes its history for 250 years after he told her. And the story about why Indian princess to Christianity and moved to England, and today dominates the minds and souls of men.
The last words of Julius Caesar
Today it is well known that Julius Caesar did not actually utter the phrase, "And you, Brutus?", When he was killed. It is not nothing but a quote from Shakespeare's play, written over 1600 years after Caesar's death. According to Roman historians, the real Caesar's words sounded so: "? Kai su, teknon" ( "You too, my child?" In Greek). The word "child" he had in mind Brutus.
So, to paraphrase the words, then they can be translated as, "And you, Brutus?". But some scientists and does underline the fact that today no one really knows whether Caesar said anything at all to death. Even those people who have written about this phrase at the time, heard about it from others and do not know for sure if this is true.
Pharaohs were buried with servants
Some modern scholars argue that after the death of Pharaoh's servants did not kill him, to bury with him. If this proves true, such a surprising discovery will dramatically change the current knowledge about Egypt. But ... it's only a theory.
Archaeologists have found the remains of 41 people who were buried next to the pharaoh Hor Aha. Some of them are children, who clearly died a violent death - of a strangled. Aha's successor, the pharaoh Hor Jer went further. 300 people were buried next to him.
Pythagoras did not exist
According to some people, the Greek mathematician Pythagoras could not exist. All mention of it - is recording his followers. But the fact remains that there is nothing that has been written by Pythagoras. But then the same could be argued about almost all the famous people who lived in the sixth century BC. For example, the recording and Socrates Confucius were also made their followers. If we follow this logic, one could argue that they also did not exist. Therefore, serious scientists husbands are at odds as to whether there was a real Pythagoras.
"The Emperor" Machiavelli - satire
For many years, a treatise Machiavelli "The Emperor" shocked people cynicism and cruelty. But one day, Jean-Jacques Rousseau suggested that it was just satire. However, satire is to be funny, and Machiavelli wrote real advice on the management of the republic. If this is really a satire, it is unique, because it is not a single funny moment. Therefore, the majority of scientists skeptical about the similar theory.
The reason Aztec cannibalism - protein deficiency
For a long time it was believed that Aztec human sacrifice and cannibalism were intertwined. But the American anthropologist Michael Harner theorized that the Aztecs actually just did not have enough protein and they resorted to cannibalism in a desperate attempt to survive. However, as it turned out later, the Aztecs was actually a wide variety of foods and they did not suffer due to lack of protein.
Harner theory has been completely refuted. In addition, the Aztecs usually killing people and eating their hearts at the time of harvest, when food was most. In addition, human flesh eating only the elite, but they are unlikely to have experienced somewhat flaw. As a result, the scientists agreed that the Aztecs simply performed ritual sacrifices for their dark gods.
The Jews were never in Egypt
An Israeli archaeologist Ze'ev Herzog said that "archaeological evidence has been obtained showing that the Israelites were never in Egypt." It was quite shocking statement because it was not just that the biblical miracles never occurred, but that most of Jewish history - fiction. Herzog did not lie. Indeed there is no archaeological evidence that the Jews were in Egypt or that they traveled through the desert. But this does not prove that they were not there.
Also there are many historians who disagree with the statement Herzog. They point out that the preserved records of Canaanite slaves in Egypt, and in the fourth century BC, the non-Jewish culture told a different version of the story of Moses. However, maybe this is the Jewish wisdom.