10 largest islands in the world by area
Do you know how many times the largest island in Russia is less than the largest island of the world? Read the post and find out.
№10. Ellesmere Island (Canada) - 196 236 km2
Ellesmere Island - the northernmost island of Canada - one of the ten largest islands in the world by area. Due to the harsh climate of the island's population is about 150 people.
On the territory of Ellesmere repeatedly found the remains of prehistoric animals. The first settlers were the nomads of Siberia. In 1250 he settled in the territory of the people of Thule Inuit ancestors. But by the mid-18th century, the island became deserted.
The island was discovered in 1616 by English explorer William Baffin.
№9. Victoria (Canada) - 217 291 km2
In ninth place on the Square - Victoria Island (Canada). The island was discovered in 1838 during the expedition of the British explorer Thomas Simpson.
In the 50s of the 20th century on the island were a few settlements in which meteorologists lived. By the end of the 20th century the population increased Eskimos will detect persons who are engaged in fishing activities.
№8. Honshu (Japan) - 227 970 km2
Honshu is the largest island of the Japanese archipelago and occupies 8 place ranking the largest islands in the world. Located on the island of Honshu, the largest Japanese cities of Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Kyoto, Hiroshima and others.
The island is covered with lots of volcanoes, some of which are active. The number of the island's population - more than 103 million people..
№7. United Kingdom (UK) - 229 848 km2
UK ranked 7th in the list of the largest islands in the world and is the largest island among the British Isles and Europe as a whole. The beginning of the history of Britain is the period of the Roman conquest in 43 BC. e., but the island was and earlier history.
Britain was inhabited by the people of Noto, a few hundred thousand years ago. Modern man came to the British Isles before the last ice age, but retreated to southern Europe due to glaciers, covering an area of the island. According to archaeological finds, after 12,000 BC. e. The British Isles were re-populated. Around 4000 years BC. e. the island was inhabited by people of the Neolithic culture.
To date, the population of the island of Great Britain more than 61 million. People, making it the most densely populated areas of Europe.
№6. Sumatra (Indonesia) - 443 066 km2
Sumatra - the sixth largest island in the world. It is located in two hemispheres, as almost in the middle of the island passes the Equator. The island belongs to Indonesia and is part of the Malay Archipelago. It is located in a zone of frequent earthquakes and tsunamis.
To date, the population of the island of Sumatra, more than 50 million. Man. The main city of Sumatra: Medan, Palembang, Padang. In Sumatra people live sets nationalities, about 90% Muslim.
Approximately 73,000 years ago on the island of Sumatra Toba volcano exploded. This event led to the 1800 years of the Ice Age and the reduction of the human population to 2,000.
the island's name comes from the Sanskrit word for Samudra - "ocean" or "sea".
№5. Baffin Island (Canada) - 507 451 km2
Baffin Island - the first area among the Canadian islands and the fifth in the world. Due to the harsh climatic conditions of the island's population is about 11 thousand. Man. Large settlements of the island - Iqaluit. The first description of the island did William Baffin in 1616, in his honor and named the island.
№4. Madagascar (Madagascar) - 587 713 km2
The fourth place ranking is the island of Madagascar. Located in the Indian Ocean off the east coast of Africa. On the island of Madagascar is the state (the capital Antananarivo). To date, the population of the island of Madagascar more than 24 million. Man.
The locals call the island of Madagascar in red due to soil color. More than half of the animals living in Madagascar, can not be found on the mainland and 90% of the plants are endemic.
№3. Kalimantan (Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei) - 748 168 km2
Kalimantan or Borneo, the third largest island in the world. It is divided between by 3 countries: Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei. The island is located in the center of the Malay Archipelago.
Kalimantan in the local language means a diamond river. He named it so because of its rich resources, in particular a large number of diamonds.
The first people settled in Kalimantan about 40 thousand. Years ago. To date, the number of the island's population of about 20 million. Man. On the island is home to over 300 ethnic groups.
№2. New Guinea (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea) - 785 753 km2
New Guinea is the second line of the rating. New Guinea is divided between Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.
In New Guinea there are still places where people did not happen. This place attracts researchers of flora and fauna, as they can find here rare species of animals and plants. It is home to more than 11,000 plant species, 600 unique species of birds, over 400 species of amphibians, 455 species of butterflies and about a hundred known species of mammals. New Guinea ball inhabited by man at least 45 thousand years BC. e. from Asia. From the first settlers, and there were more than a thousand Papuan-Melanesian tribes. The absence of large, suitable for domestication of animals on the island hindered the development of agriculture and cattle breeding made it impossible. This has contributed to the preservation of the primitive communal system in large areas of New Guinea until today. The mountainous terrain contributed to the isolation of people from each other, so that on the island there was a huge variety of languages.
Discoverer of New Guinea was the Portuguese Don Jorge de Menezes, who landed on the island in 1526. According to legend, he gave the island the name "Papua", which translates as curly, it is connected with the curly hair, the local Aboriginal people.
To date, the population of the island of New Guinea more than 9, 5 mln. People.
On the territory of New Guinea is Kuk Swamp, showing an isolated development of agriculture for 7-10 thousand years and included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
№1. Greenland (Denmark) - 2,130,800 km2
The largest island in the world - Greenland. Country Green is still called the island belongs to Denmark. Because the ice coating (84% of the surface) and adverse climatic conditions most of the island is not populated. To date, the population of Greenland more than 57 thousand. Man. Large settlements of the island - Nuuk (Godthab).
Several thousand years before the arrival of Europeans lived on the island of Greenland Eskimos, who call themselves Inuit. Inuit have adapted to extreme conditions of the Arctic climate and feel completely comfortable. They have for centuries engaged in fishing and hunting. Europeans first came to the island in 875 Norman Gunbyorn year. In 982, the island settled Erik Raud with several companions, exiled from Iceland for his crimes. Later they were joined by Norwegian Vikings. In 983, the first Norman colony was established in Greenland.
After the settlement of Greenland by Europeans, the island has repeatedly passed from hand to hand. Until 1536 the island belonged to Norway, then it began to belong to Denmark, in accordance with the union to between Denmark and Norway. In 1721 the island was formally established by the Danish colony called Godthab. In 1814, after the dissolution of the union between Norway and Denmark, Greenland became a Danish possession completely.
The main activity of the population of Greenland - it's fishing. But in the late 20th century, a reindeer herding and sheep and production of oil. It plays an important role tourism and air transport. Greenland is visited annually by more than 20 thousand tourists.