How is landing on aircraft carrier
• How is the aircraft carrier landing
November 13, 2016 crashed MiG-29K, a part of the wing heavy aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov". The pilot ejected and it picked up a helicopter search and rescue service. Later, December 3, crashed Su-33. Immediately after it was made public a lot about what happened, most of which has no relationship to reality.
In order to understand what happened with the aircraft MiG-29KR "Admiral Kuznetsov", should be understood as taking place on an aircraft carrier flight and especially - landing aircraft.
On the deck of the heavy aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov" There are four cable arresting gear "Svetlana-2". Usually they lie on the deck, but when boarding airplanes are raised by 12 cm. The first cable located 46 meters from the edge of the flight deck (on US aircraft carriers, by the way, this distance is equal to 56 meters and ten meters in this case, very, very much). The distance between the cables - 12 meters.
The pilot, landing, it is necessary to catch the plane of the hook of the second cable (but the best third, fourth - reserve). The first is undesirable, since in this case the landing may occur touch the deck, as the aircraft carrier plus everything in the sea is subject to rolling, and it can play a negative role. Land the plane should be plus or minus 3 meters from the center line of the flight deck. But usually the pilots required precision of plus or minus one meter. But in general it is necessary to make an airplane landing on a platform of 36 by 6 meters. That is, it is necessary to get into a rectangle of this size it is. In fact, in the snout of a very small size. the plane angle of descent, landing on the deck of an aircraft carrier, is four degrees. Planting is carried out at high speed aircraft engines on modes close to takeoff. The plane is not aligned like landing on a stationary concrete runway. Gas engines removed only after the plane caught at least one cable arresting gear.
Otherwise, to rule out the possibility of the aircraft missed. It may be a situation in which the aircraft has landed, caught on the rope aerobatsplane, I removed gas, and at this point the cable broke. And if the pilot gas is removed - the plane no longer fly.
This case, incidentally, I was already on the "Admiral Kuznetsov". It is sometimes quite incorrectly set out in the following way - "in September 2005 in the North Atlantic drowned not managed to catch the" Admiral Kuznetsov "Su-33". What does the phrase "not managed to sit down," absolutely incomprehensible. On the contrary, if the pilot landed the plane extremely accurately. And the reason for the loss of the fighter in 2005 - only to tear wire arresting gear. The pilot ejected and survived.
By the way, civil aviation aircraft to land at an angle of 2 degrees 40 minutes. At a height of 10-12 meters the pilot starts to level the machine, and then slowly comes to the band. Directly for the landing he plays the 300-500 meters. And the plane on an aircraft carrier mean free path as a whole - only 90 meters.
When the aircraft carrier-based aircraft comes to the deck, there is a strong enough blow. Overload at the time of landing up 4-5 g. Pilot is getting very strong load on the spine. Therefore, on the day of the aviator can make no more than three flights. A better - no more than two. Occupational disease pilots of carrier-based aircraft - peel the retina. It is also a consequence of the strong impact of the aircraft on the deck.
The landing speed of the aircraft Su-33 - 240 km / h. A MiG-29K - 250 km / h. Despite the relatively small difference in speed and a much smaller landing weight, the MiG-29K fighter is much more likely to tear the ropes landing arresting gear carrier. It happened in the course of flight November 13, 2016. On that day, with the heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser soared three MiG-29KR. After performing flight mission aircraft back to the carrier. Landing on the deck of the ship, in this case should occur at intervals of 3-4 minutes.
The first fighter landed without comment. The second MiG-29KR caught the second cable arresting gear, broke it, and eventually caught only the fourth wire. Torn second rope entangled in the third, and thus made it impossible to use it for landing. Some time landing on aircraft carrier was in principle impossible.
At this time, on the glide path reduction was the third MiG-29KR. Since the carrier team took some time to bring the cables aerobatsplanes in order, flight leader gave the command pilot of the third aircraft to go around. And when the plane in the waiting area with the fighter and disaster struck. He simply stood up both engines. In them, according to the most recent version, no longer flow fuel. In this case, the jet falls down like a stone. The pilot was only one thing - to catapult, which he did.
Some sources are also such theses - "look awkward current attempts to deny the possibility of human error in the incident falls of the MiG-29 in the Eastern Mediterranean." It looks completely wrong and the following statement - "the main problem for the MiG-29KR is now a lack of trained pilots for this type of aircraft, and not technological problems." All this has nothing to do with what has happened in the eastern Mediterranean. Let us look for the beginning to the identity of the pilot of the MiG-29KR, crashed. Rank pilot - Colonel, this is not a young lieutenant, a recent graduate of the Aviation School. In addition, the positions of the pilot - the head of the safety service of the Northern Fleet Air Arm.
Aviator has already made more than 200 landings on the deck of the heavy aircraft carrier and its lack of experience as a pilot carrier-based aircraft to doubt there is no reason. In addition, all co-workers note that this is sustained, sociable, likable and friendly people.
The whole point here on the plane. By and large, the MiG-29KR / Kubra should not have to take on combat duty in the Mediterranean Sea. The car is still in the testing phase, which will continue until 2018. Fighter has not really "prescribed" in the heavy aircraft carrying cruiser. It greatly inferior in its performance characteristics, the Su-33 has a number of technical features (e.g., less than that of the Su-33 volatility).
But the war makes its own rules. And on combat duty had to take, and this was not tapped and brought to the desired condition the aircraft until the end.
The question arises - how to determine the exact cause of the accident, if the plane had gone to the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea? The technical solution to this problem is not of great complexity. At one time, the Navy aircraft carrier-based attack aircraft was the Yak-38, the first production in the USSR VTOL. Machine, it is necessary to say directly unusually emergency. This aircraft carried to the light a lot of front pilots of naval aviation. So, since that time all the machines Navy carrier-based aircraft are equipped with pop-up buoys. And to determine the place where the aircraft sank, crashed, or an accident, not a big deal. It is possible that the black boxes - parametric and on-board recorders - has already raised from the Mediterranean Sea. And the accurate answers, the reasons for the accident occurred with the MiG-29KR November 13, 2016, the wait is long.