Labyrinths of antiquity, which could lead to despair of any
• The labyrinths of antiquity, which could lead to despair of any
In ancient times it was believed that the person who entered the labyrinth, loses the will, orientation, and may even wander into another world. Earlier in the maze of often sent delinquent or undesirable people. Because of the intricate moves people immediately exposed to panic, which often led him to madness. For a more effective deterrent, in the maze of bones were scattered, and demons image drawn on the walls.
Egyptian labyrinth, built in 2300 BC. e.
It is believed that most ancient Egyptian labyrinth, built in 2300 BC. e., located near Lake Birket Qarun in the vicinity of Cairo. It was a huge building with an area of 70 thousand square meters, walled. Inside it consists of 1, 5, thousands of land-based facilities and the same number - underground (there were tombs of the Pharaohs and crocodiles). Before entering the maze hung a sign saying: "Insanity or death - that is here weak or vicious alone are strong and good life and immortality here."
Needless to say, that just navigate through the complex system of intricate corridors without risk to remain in them forever, it was very dangerous. Only time holiday glorification Sebek (crocodile god with the head) in a maze consisted of priests, to offer sacrifices to him.
The ruins of the palace of Knossos.
It is considered the most famous labyrinth of Crete. It is also called the labyrinth of the Minotaur. Legendary sculptor Daedalus was the author of this creation. In 1380 BC. e. labyrinth was destroyed.
In 1900, the English archaeologist Arthur Evans, among other findings, found in the Oxford Museum of hieroglyphic writing, stating the labyrinth. Archaeologist went to the island of Crete and began to dig. Arthur Evans took 30 years to cope with the maze. Area Knossos labyrinth was 22 thousand square meters. The height above the ground of this building is not less than 5-6 floors.
The layout of the labyrinth of the Minotaur.
According to mythology, the Minotaur in the labyrinth lived - a creature with a human body and a bull's head. The only indirect evidence of this legend has become a fresco depicting the Minotaur in one of the halls. There's also an archeologist found many human bones.
Labyrinth in China Huanghuazhen.
In ancient China, the maze could be found almost in every city and at the entrance to the house. Residents of China believed that evil spirits could only fly in a straight line, so the sinuous input will be too tough for her.
Stone maze on the beach.
On the Baltic coast in Scandinavia can be found more than 600 labyrinths lined with stones. They are not as intricate as a maze in Greece or Egypt, but walking on them, local fishermen believe in good catch in the forthcoming fishing.
Labyrinth on the Solovetsky Islands.
In Russia you can also find the maze. Solovetsky Islands are the so-called "places of power". Within them grows nothing but moss and planted all the trees then die. Animals never wander into the territory of labyrinths.
Europeans, starting around c XV century, "moved" in the maze of the Christian plane. They were pictured on the floor tiles of the Catholic churches, symbolizing a tortuous path of punishment that had to go on his knees repenting sinner.
The maze at Hampton Court, arranged in 1690 for William of Orange.
By the XVII century labyrinth of confusion in part it loses its sacredness and becomes more entertaining. The royal parks are beginning to plant the plants so that the hedge turned into a maze. Monarchs were amused by watching how their courtiers run around in search of an exit.