Wrong, according to nutritionists, Russian cuisine traditions
• Wrong, according to Russian cuisine dieticians, tradition
In Russian there are many sustainable eating habits, from which they are not going to give up. And for good reason. The longer we follow the addictions, the higher the risk of getting serious health problems.
We are accustomed from childhood to eat bread with all kinds of dishes from soups, potatoes, meat, cereals, and even tea, because "bread around the head" - is tirelessly repeated older. Probably so manifest our genetic memory of the hungry times. Maybe before bread and it has useful properties, but the modern production of high quality flour is devoid of them completely.
Many scientific journals, including the British Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, publish the results of studies that prove that white flour is missing one of the most important components of bread - fiber, as in the processing of all dietary fibers simply turn to dust. Find themselves in the gut like a bread paste coats the food, preventing her split. In this case, the human body not only loses nutrients, but after a short time begins to feel hunger.
On the dangers of bread always reminds famous American cardiologist William Davis, claiming that the frequent manifestations of fatigue and impaired concentration (problems of modern people) - this is a consequence of excessive consumption of bakery products. Doctor reinforces the conclusions that in many modern varieties of wheat contains protein gliadin, which has properties comparable to opiates: it causes increased appetite, which causes a person to consume more calories than the body needs.
Modern society is increasingly facing the problem of food addiction, which almost always leads to overeating. For the Russian people over-consumption of food has a strong link with the tradition of abundant feasts. What New Year's Eve can do without cluttered with all sorts of dishes table? And we do not stand up for him until pereprobuem all the dishes! During the year, there will more than one occasion, in a fun company to treat yourself to the culinary abundance. German experts from the Institute of metabolism research at the Max Planck conducted an experiment in which he tried to identify the cause of overeating. Scientists 12 volunteers were divided into two groups: one given sweet milkshake, other - tasteless mixture. Then test were sent for magnetic resonance, and positron emission tomography.
After the data revealed that the first group at the time of cocktail consumption experienced a strong sense of fun, as evidenced by an active release of the neurotransmitter dopamine. However, the feeling of fullness when it did not come. Members of the second group drank a mixture of insipid without pleasure, but the saturation came quickly.
It is known that the hormone dopamine, which is responsible for satisfaction when receiving food is produced twice: when chewing food, and when it enters the stomach. The researchers found that the subjects who are fed a sweet drink, the first release of dopamine inhibited thereafter, increasing the range of its occurrence. Thus, for an indefinite period receded and a feeling of fullness.
What lies in this a threat? According to scientists, the gap in the stages of production of dopamine is a constant desire to continue filling the stomach, which threatens to escalate into a steady habit of overeating. Therefore, experts recommend not to abuse tasty and high-calorie food, and switch to healthy and nutritious foods.
We kindergarten repeated: "Why are you falling asleep in front of the plate. Eat faster! Look, there's Peter has long been eaten everything! "So gradually develop the habit of eating on the go, swallowing large pieces of food. And excuses are: something to work late, then pressing matters await.
Japanese sociologists have found that about 36% of women and 46% of men of the Rising Sun have a stable the habit of eating in a hurry. All this is due to significantly increased pace of life, where a full meal, by force of circumstances, almost no time left. Experts from Hiroshima University conducted a large-scale study, which involved 642 men and 441 women without health problems. The average age of the subjects at the beginning of the experiment was 51 years. The volunteers were divided into three groups: The first group included supporters of slow eating, in the second, those who took food at a moderate pace in the third - "bystroedy". The experiment lasted for 5 years.
After the experiment, 84 subjects were identified metabolic syndrome - a complex of disorders that favor the development of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. It has been found that the problems with the metabolism of test 2, 3% of the group of "slow food", 6, 5% of the volunteers, who prefer to eat at a moderate pace, and 11, 6% of supporters of the "fast food".
Patients tend to eat on the go, gastroenterologists explain that the saturation of the body takes place gradually, as the nutrients entering the blood will give the signal to the brain is not earlier than after 20 minutes. Therefore, experts recommend people more thoroughly chew your food or drink it in small pieces.
The habit to wash down the food with water fairly stable in our country. Many believe that liquid softens the food, thus contributing to its rapid digestion. And no matter what the drink is used: soda, tea, juice, cocktail, wine or plain water.
However, nutritionists do not agree with such arguments. They will say that the dilution liquid food will lead to the loss of its bactericidal properties. "But what about the first courses, which are also liquid?" - said the skeptics. According to experts, broths or soups contain extractives that only improve the secretion of gastric juice and digestion. Scientists have determined that on dilution in the stomach solid food with water there is a significant release of insulin into the bloodstream. In a study conducted by specialists from Surinam, the volunteers were divided into two groups: one were asked to eat several donuts with a glass of water, the other - to restrict suhomyatku. As a result, the test of the first group a sharp two-fold increase in the blood sugar level was recorded, while the representatives of the second group of glucose values remained normal. This is because water helps absorb sugar.
Dietician Alex Kovalkov draws attention to the fact that when a food organism strenuously produces saliva and gastric juice, helps digestion, but if we drink a glass of water, we wash off the liquid. According to him, the water should drink no earlier than 5-10 minutes after starting a meal reception when formed bolus: the gastric juice has hit him and squeeze him out to be impossible.