Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Beyond the walls of the historic buildings of St. Petersburg is hidden a lot of interesting things; whether ceremonial, communal apartments, furnaces, flooring, various decorative elements.

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Recently, for the first time in St. Petersburg, conducted a tour of the historic elevators. Lifts, which can be considered a work of art, in St. Petersburg there are about 50.

Text: Alexei Shishkin, Maria Paradise

The organizer of the event was "MLM Neva trade", one of the leaders on the replacement of elevators in the city. Tour held local historian Alexei Shishkin.

arcade

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Maxim Dynnikov

In the early 1900s the most spacious and modern passenger elevators were located in the building of the department store "Passage". Extant elevator (or rather his mine) served just 64 commercial premises and at the same time could accommodate three people. For the Russian Empire it was a real experiment, before such roomy elevators in commercial buildings are not set.

"Today, the average capacity passenger elevator is between 350 and 500 kg, or 5-7 people, he explained the technical director of" Neva MLM trade "Maxim Kovalev, but there are also unique platforms, capable of carrying 80 people at once. This elevator has in Japan. "

In our time, the elevator only survived curly metallic mine, as well as old "beech" guides. When the renovation a new cabin and a mechanism was installed in the shaft.

Home Eliseev

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Sergey Ermokhin

It is believed that the first elevator in the apartment house in St. Petersburg, appeared in 1890 in the house of the Eliseev on the Fontanka. From it survived only small fragments of the original decoration of the mine. It is noteworthy that the lift was provided in the building has the original design. To this day it is preserved from the almost complete mine with abundant metallodekorom. She has an unusual circular shape to the present day. "Today, panoramic lifts - circular or semi-circular, as a rule, only set in the shopping centers, business centers, etc. -.. Explained to Maxim Kovalev - Now there are organizations that specialize in the production of round elevators. But at the same time almost every manufacturer's product range there is a circular model of the lift. "

Presumably, a lift, as well as elevators Vitebsk Station manufactured in the factory "Franz San Galli." A distinctive feature is that originally worked on the lift of the steam engine, which is not too convenient for a dwelling house, as such a mechanism requires a lot of space and fuel.

Mertens House

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Sergey Ermokhin

Electric lift in the house at Nevsky 21 was established in 1907. It made in Berlin in the company "Siemens-Schuckert."

"The company" Siemens "has become a pioneer of the electric elevator construction, its engineers first tested electrolifts in Germany in 1880. Such elevators began to deliver passengers much more quickly, "- said Kovalev.

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Askhat Bardynov

Elevator placed in the "premium configuration." In the design of the lift used valuable species of wood, brass and bronze metallodekor, crystal mine fence, leather seats. Use the elevator could only be strictly with the operator. He could raise up to 400 kg at a time. In 1955 it was modernized lift has been replaced by the original lift mechanism, the cabin, however, which is unusual for the Soviet Union retained.

The modern form of elevator given in 2008 with the restoration and reconstruction of the firm "Stein", the one that once installed a lift in the house of a journalist. Now the building is Zara clothing store.

Mutual Credit Society

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Svyatoslav Akimov

The building of the St. Petersburg Society of mutual credit on Griboedov Canal Embankment, 13 survived the fence of one of the oldest elevator shafts. The lift was installed from 1888 to 1900. The building was to become one of the leading financial institutions in Europe, so the elevator was built in the design of the building initially.

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Askhat Bardynov

Design implies the presence of two "fronts": the monogram on the front placed with the Company's logo, and is located in a side door to enter the passengers. Also, the upper station hoist unlike bottom is decorated so that the maximum lift was unnoticeable, and does not impair the maintenance device perspective view of the interior of the second floor lobby.

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Maxim Dynnikov

Now the old mine worth Soviet elevator inoperable. "Rosbank" office is these days in the building.

Zinger House

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Askhat Bardynov

In the "Singer" of the American company building on Nevsky, 28, originally planned to install four elevators, both in American skyscrapers stairs only involve fire. However, the architect Pavel Suzor made changes to the project over time. Number of lifts was reduced to two, and placed next to the broad marble staircase in modern style. Sami elevators delivered in 1902-1904 years the American company "Otis". The exterior of the mine complied Workshop "Karl Winkler".

"Company" Otis "has made a great contribution to the global elevator industry - Elisha Otis invented the first elevator safety system - catcher. Due to this in the case of elevator failure is not falling, but lingers special catchers. In addition, the company invented the elevator system call by pressing the button to activate the lift in motion required a whole team of specialists ", - Maxim Kovalev added.

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Maxim Dynnikov

The original lifts were lost during the Soviet era, in their place new, modern cabins are installed today. But the decor mine was completely rebuilt during the last restoration. Today, the office is located in the building of the Russian social network "VKontakte".

House of Journalist

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Askhat Bardynov Elevator Sukhozanet in a family house on Nevsky, 70, which now houses the House of Journalists, appeared in 1910-1911 with reconstruction of the building to the needs of Industrial and Commercial Union. This is one of the first works of the St. Petersburg company "Original Stein Lift", which collaborated with the Swiss firm Schindler.

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Maxim Dynnikov

Unusual detail - hydraulic lift was. The lift is driven due to the piston. Underground room is filled with water, and the pressure was pushing piston. When the passengers had to descend - the water lowered. This ensures exceptional smoothness.

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Maxim Dynnikov

"Today, hydraulic elevators technology is used in private homes or in small mines, such a system does not apply to high-rises, because the structure has height restrictions," - said Kovalev

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Maxim Dynnikov

A rare feature - in the elevator on Nevsky, 70 survived, not only mine, but also the cabin. Now it is attached modern hydraulic engine.

The building of the former Volga-Kama Bank

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Askhat Bardynov

Elevator in the building of the former Volga-Kama Bank on Nevsky, 38 - was originally established in 1898 with the reconstruction of the building to the needs of the financial institution architect Benoit. In Soviet times, it was decided that the lift is not needed here, and it, along with the shaft dismantled. Unfortunately, these solutions are common.

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Sergey Ermokhin

"Before, the old elevators are not considered as valuable: they were replaced by more modern, dismantled as unnecessary. Only recently, the attitude has changed, and now we have them explore, admire and try to preserve all the details, "- said Maxim Kovalev.

Vitebsk Station

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Maxim Dynnikov At the beginning of the last century on one of the most beautiful railway stations in St. Petersburg - Vitebsk worked just 11 winders. One of the largest and most important lifts - №11 designed for descent with bulky luggage platform. He worked on the electric motor, the lifting speed was 500 mm per second. This speed is comparable with the speed of modern lifts.

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Maxim Dynnikov

"Rate of rise depends on the elevator storey, e.g., 9-storey building, the elevator may travel at speeds between 0 and 63 m / c 1 m / c. Of course, in skyscrapers we are talking about very different speeds. For example, in the center Lahta elevator speed is 8 m / c ". - Maxim Kovalev explained

Pre-Revolutionary lifts in St. Petersburg today

Photo: Maxim Dynnikov

Elevator and elevator shaft are made in St. Petersburg at "F. Plant F. Franz San Galli "on Ligovsky Avenue. Beneath lift luggage tunnel is equipped with a horizontal conveyor. All in all stations were passenger and freight elevators of three types: electric, electro-hydraulic and equipped with a manual drive, on the current outage. Elevator №10 designed specifically for lifting and lowering of patients on stretchers and in wheelchairs. Alas, today none of the lifts at the station is not functioning.