5 common misconceptions about medieval knights
It's time to medieval chivalry still dominates the minds of people. To learn how to live noble warriors, known only from historical records or romantic literature of the time. But over the past few centuries, distorted the facts, and the notion of chivalry has acquired a lot of myths. This review presents the 5 most popular misconceptions about medieval knights.
1. From the armor, the knight could not get their own horse
Speaking of the Middle Ages, people used to think that knights, armored, even on their own could not move, and if it fell, it was not possible to stand without assistance. In this statement there is a little bit of truth. Heavy armor knights wore only during the tournament, in order to avoid injuries. But at other times, and even more so in the battles on the battlefield, knights armor does not exceed 20 kg. If he walked in peace time on the streets of cities, the helmet, gloves and shin were shot, good everything was convenient attachment.
2. Knights in armor - immune
The myth of the invulnerability of knights in armor longer inspired romantic literature. In the early days of chivalry to kill the warrior it was really difficult, often it is stunned. But with the advent of crossbows, bows with more powerful armor-piercing arrows, armor no longer saved the knights.
3. Knights neglected hygiene
Many people think that by the Knights smelled terribly from the fact that because of the armor they often go under. In the Middle Ages, all sharply there was a question of hygiene, so noble warriors behaved in the same way as everybody else. But this does not mean that they were all the same as going to the toilet. Armor were made so as to simplify the natural physiological process.
Pants, in the modern sense, did not exist. Knights wore highway - high stockings, which are fastened on the belt. Later in the XV century it appeared braget - flap front. A foul odor from the soldiers can be easily explained: if put on all knightly uniforms and take up the sword, but to wave them at least half an hour, the smell of sweat mixed with mud, not long to wait.
4. The army of thousands of knights
Another misconception about knights is their large number. In the XIII century in England and France accounted for slightly less than 3000 knights. Despite this small amount, knightly cavalry, clad in armor, was gravely troops. Infantry were commoners, arrows provided cover, and the knights lined wedge, stormed castles. Another important factor in a relatively small number of knights, had a limited number of combat endurance horses can carry a metal armor and rider in armor. Closer to the XIII century by the Knights found a high social status, so the circle of favorites in no hurry to allow just anyone.
5. Knights "went to great deeds" alone
The chivalry is a very popular travel story knights on the exploits alone. But this misconception does not correspond to reality. Every noble warrior was carrying a so-called "spear" - a small group consisting of the squires, pages, archers, swordsmen. And since all of this "suite" was noble blood, they could not be considered as human beings. It turns out that Knight allegedly traveled alone.