Seven of the most popular misconceptions about the world's landmarks
Leaning Tower of Pisa is considered to be "the most of the incident," the Dead Sea the most saline, and St. Paul's Cathedral in Rome, the largest sacral building in the world. In fact it is not. We offer seven myths about sights to debunk.
Myth 1: The Cathedral of St. Peter in Rome - the greatest
The most visited churches of the world - yes, of course: almost 60 000 seats cathedral during Mass. But this is not the biggest church of its size in the world. Much more Vatican basilica Basilica of Our Lady of Peace in Africa Yamoussoukro, the administrative capital of Côte d'Ivoire, and the Republic of the Ivory Coast. The church was built between 1985 and 1989 on the model of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome and occupied an area of about 30,000 square meters, which is twice more than the St. Peter's Basilica. Basilica and Vatican Council and surpassed in height by 26 meters.
Myth 2: The Leaning Tower of Pisa - the "falling"
In fact, most "fall" building in the world (! Of miraculous) is in Germany - the church of the XIII century in the village ostfrizskoy Zuurhuzen. With its tilting 5, 19 degrees it hit the tower in July 2007 in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest building with an angle of inclination of nature. For comparison: the Leaning Tower of Pisa "crashes" only 3, 97 degrees. There is another building, a work of human hands, and one of the most interesting works of contemporary architecture, - Capital-Gate ( "gate of the capital") in Abu Dhabi. Skyscraper, "the incident" at 18 degrees, was listed in the Guinness Book as the building with the largest angle of inclination in the world.
Myth 3: The water in the Dead Sea - the salty
28% - it is so much salt in the sea between Israel, Jordan and Palestine. It is seven times more than in the Mediterranean Sea. Of course, a lot. But there is on the planet of water and Posolon - closed lake Assal in Djibouti, the country in the Horn of Africa. Its coast is the lowest point in Africa, and the salt content of the water is close to 35%. Europeans know this lake for a long time - at least the last 100 years, but the popularity he did not add. Few hurry to rest in East Africa. The same applies to other more salty waters of the Earth. For example, the Antarctic lake is that due to the high salt content and do not freeze at frosts over 30 degrees, but wishing to relax there somehow not stored.
Myth 4: Niagara Falls - the highest
In fact, the highest waterfall in the world is located further south, but also in the Americas - in Venezuela. Angel Falls ( "waterfall of the deepest place") in the tropical forests in the south-east of the country has a height of 979 meters! Water deposed from the top Auyantepui, "mountain of the devil." In the hot season of her time to the road to the ground evaporates, it forms a cloud of transparent water droplets - a completely unique show, enjoy that, however, is not so simple: a journey to the waterfall takes about a day in the jungle.
Myth 5: North Cape in Europe - the most northerly
Every year more than 200 000 tourists are sent to the Norwegian island Magero to stand up to the most northern European soil. And wrong, because the northernmost land in the EU is almost one and a half kilometers further - this cape Knivskjellodden. As for Europe, as such, there are islands and the north - Svalbard and Franz Josef Land. But here hosts Russia, and also to get to these places is not so simple, in contrast to the North Cape today he is part of the longest of continental walking path called E1.
Myth 6: Cape of Good Hope in Africa - the southern-most
To Cape Agulhas (Agulhas) from the Cape of Good Hope, you need to drive another 155 kilometers to the southeast. It is Cape Agulhas is the southernmost point of Africa and, in addition, the geographical boundary between the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. For sailors in olden times it was the terrain is dangerous: Needle stranded famous little deep and fast undercurrent that formed a surf and became the cause of frequent shipwrecks. In addition, at this point there was a very specific magnetic anomaly. For example, in the XIX century compass needle deflected at 30 degrees West. Actually, the name of the place was away from the Portuguese agulha - needle, in this case - the magnetic compass needle.
Myth 7: Sahara Desert - the sand
In fact, only 20% of the largest desert in the world is really out of the sand and giant sand dunes. The rest of the surface - it rocks, gravel, boulders, pebbles. Geologists discovered that the desert for thousands of years known as the dry and wet periods, which, in fact, formed its current unique look. Strikes Sahara and its size - 8, 6 million square kilometers of the surface. By comparison, the United States takes about the same amount.