Difficult year: the clock with outstanding features that were released in 2015
Supertochny lunar calendar, an imitation bird whistle and the clock, saving lives - in the Forbes gallery
In some areas of life are not afraid of complexity, and attract. Thus, in a sign of watchmaking craftsmanship and a reason for pride. For example, the manufacture Vacheron Constantin in 2015 created the most complicated watch in the world with two faces and 57 functions. But also to other companies' highest league hour "have something to show.
The most prestigious complications in mechanical watches are considered to be a tourbillon, minute repeater, perpetual calendar and astronomical and split-chronograph, and the title of Grand Complications are models that combine at least three of them. More than a simple function - it chronographs pointer a second time zone and moon phase, retrograde hands, which move in an arc and a jump back to the origin. Contests watchmakers continue to identify the best of the best, although it would seem, in the watch industry has been tried already everything and come up with nothing more. However, the results suggest otherwise.
There are watch companies that go the other way - for example, Omega or Rolex. They did not invent complications, but simply introducing new, more stringent certification standards and accuracy. And perhaps this is exactly what is required of everyone in a difficult time - to do their normal work even better.
Ref. 57260Camye complicated watch in the world has produced Vacheron Constantin house, marking the year of its 260th anniversary: in these 57 complications and functions. All this is reflected in the model name. Pocket watch with double dials are made in the order of a private client. Three masters worked on their manufacture for 8 years. Some of the complex functions are implemented for the first time and is therefore unique. For example, double retrograde chronograph split or a combination of the four immediately perpetual calendars: Gregorian, astronomical, Jewish (based on 19-year cycle metons combining calculus in solar years and lunar months) and business (according to ISO 8601). White gold case 98 mm diameter and a thickness of 50 55 mm.
Portugieser Grande Complication
Manufactory IWC Schaffhausen celebrated the 75th anniversary of Portugieser collection dedicated to the Portuguese navigators and high-precision marine chronometers. The flagship model was updated Portugieser Grande Complication with 20 indexes and functions. It combines a perpetual calendar programmed until 2499, chronograph, and minute repeater. Perpetual calendar includes the date, day of week and month, four-pointer of the year and moon phase. Chronograph shows the hours, minutes and seconds. It beats a minute repeater hours, quarters and minutes. Housing rose gold diameter of 45 mm and a thickness of 16, 5 mm, a car factory mechanism.
Duomètre Sphérotourbillon Moon
In this model, first of all it draws attention to the unprecedented precise lunar calendar, which is capable of error-free display the lunar cycle of 3887 years! It is, frankly, not the most practical and not to be tested, but certainly one of the most impressive features hours. For comparison, even the perpetual calendars accumulate daily error of the lunar cycle of 122 years.
At two tourbillon rotation axis around its carriage and around a second axis inclined at an angle of 20 °. Dual-Wing concept eliminates wasted time when activating and deactivating the escapement: there are two independent mechanisms, one is responsible for the accuracy of, the second - for the work functions. Despite the complexity of the model dial is readable and gold housing diameter of 42 mm and a thickness of 14, 1 mm is suitable for hand.
The Charming Bird
Clock with singing bird received the "Golden Arrow" prestigious competition watchmakers Grand Prix d'Horlogerie de Geneve in 2015 in the category "Excellence in mechanics." The principle of sound used here is unique: if the usual pattern of sound for hours taken percussion instruments, the mechanism of The Charming Bird functions as a wind instrument - the bird whistle simulated using sapphire tubes. Automaton run button, the built-in crown: hand painted figurine of a bird starts to spin, clap their wings and whistled. White gold case with a diameter of 47 mm, sapphire crystal dome-shaped, with a mechanism of car factory.
The title "Tourbillon of the Year" at the competition Grand Prix d'Horlogerie de Geneve in 2015 was won by Ulysse Nardin. It has equipped Anchor Tourbillon clock trigger, completely made of silicon. To develop a unique design it took 8 years. Basis anchor escapement - round frame, to which the thin flat springs suspended the pallet fork without the usual bridges for fastening and without an axis. Due to this in its oscillation energy is almost lost. The final touch to the mechanism, "the cherry on the cake" - the tourbillon, which weighs only 0, 4 g And the lighter the tourbillon, the more valuable for hours, because its rotation takes less energy. Innovative mechanism placed in the casing Classico 44mm pink gold or platinum.
Rotonde de Cartier Grande Complication Skeleton
This model - the most difficult of all of the issued house Cartier. It was developed over 5 years, and the head of the engineering bureau Cartier Carole Forestier-Kasap again struck watch world completely female invention. Ultra-thin mechanism Skeleton thickness of 5 to 49 mm combines the three most prestigious complications: perpetual calendar (which needs to be adjusted once in 100 years), minute repeater and floating (fixed at one point) tourbillon. Tourbillon, located at 12 o'clock, was a key design element. On the side of the dial are also visible hammers and gongs repeater. Housing made of platinum with a diameter of 42 mm and a height of 12, 6 mm, mechanism Automobile marked "Geneva Seal".
Tradition Chronographe Indépendant 7077 Chronograph is not considered the most difficult element in watchmaking, but he always creates an additional problem: at the time of its launch straying action gear mechanisms responsible for normal time indication. Therefore the model Tradition Chronographe Indépendant 7077 integrates two independent mechanisms: the current time (3 Hz) and for the chronograph (5 Hz). The dial is offset upward in the center chronograph. Symmetrically arranged two retrograde indicator (2 and 10 hours): this power reserve (50 hours) and the chronograph counter (20 minutes). At 4 and 8 hours - two balance wheels with traditional for this collection shockproof device "pare-chute". White gold case with a diameter of 44 mm.
Men Grand Complications Celestial Ref. 6102
Despite the many astronomical functions, model Celestial Ref. 6102 from the collection of Men Grand Complications looks quite succinctly. On the dial applied celestial map, where the position of stars appear, the current phase of the moon and its orbit, as well as the passage of the Greenwich Meridian Sirius and moon. Two wedge-shaped arrows indicate normal time in hours and minutes, and the arrow with red tip is a date indicator. Thin elliptical contour outlines sky sector, visible from cities located at a latitude of Geneva. Automobile mechanism, rose gold housing diameter of 44 mm.
And tourbillon, and the carousel invented as a device to compensate for the effects of gravity on the accuracy of the clock. tourbillon design was slightly easier, which eventually secured him a historic victory. The model Blancpain Tourbillon Caroussel first used immediately both controller: floating (fixed at one point) tourbillon for 12 hours, floating carousel - for 6 hours. Their information is added to optimize accuracy. The impressive seven-day power reserve, housing made of platinum with a diameter 47, 4 mm, sporty design, skeletonized mechanism.
Tonda 1950 Tourbillon
Manufacture Parmigiani Fleurier has released a clock with a flying tourbillon and the flattest in the world of micro-rotor. Micro-rotor (freely rotating part in crescent shape, designed for automobile) is integrated in the caliber of 3, 4 mm thick, along with the drum, the carriage of the tourbillon and an arrow indicating system. Titanium is used for the tourbillon carriage. He refractory, but easy - so the carriage was able to make the lightest in the world (0, 255 grams). And, as is known, allows the weight to minimize the tourbillon to rotate with less energy. Housing in white or pink gold diameter 40 mm 2, tourbillon at around "7:00 8 minutes," - this time, the founder of the factory Michel Parmigiani.
Emperador Coussin 1270S
The world's thinnest automatic watch Skeleton Tourbillon: a depth of only 8, 85 mm. Skeletizirovannaya model with "inverted" structure refers to the Black Tie line characterized by a modern aesthetic. Ultrathin automatic mechanism (5, its thickness, 05 mm) has the form of "pillows", and is specifically designed for housing of the same shape. Piaget company is considered a specialist in the field of complications for ultra-thin movements. The model is presented in versions of pink and white gold, body diameter 46 of 5 mm.
L.U.C 1963 Tourbillon
Under classical dial formalized in the art of hot enamel hides with a tourbillon mechanism and 9-day power reserve certified COSC (Swiss Institute chronometry) and marked "Geneva label" for their decorative merits. Patented innovative technology L.U.C Quattro (4 winding drum, arranged in pairs) provides a striking energy supply: it is enough for 216 hours. House movement with manual winding. power-reserve indicator located at 12 o'clock, tourbillon at 6 o'clock. Housing rose gold underlined modest proportions: diameter 40 mm, thickness 10, 6 mm.
Royal Oak Quantieme Perpetuel
Perpetual calendar new ultrathin manufactory mechanism, whose thickness of 4 31 mm. Once this year focus manufactory perpetual calendar found a new design, mechanism and an enlarged housing diameter (41 mm), but while maintaining an extremely small thickness. The increase led to dial readability of all parameters: date, day, month and leap year. Additionally made the moon phase display and another a rare indicator: the inner ring of the bezel appear 52 weeks of the year. Housing made of steel or rose gold mechanism with car factory.
The world's first wristwatch with a personal dual-frequency radar beacon that can save the life of a traveler, athlete, extreme, climber or pilot. Watches were prepared over a year ago, but it took time for approval to the actions of the Ministry of Emergency Situations services. There is a built-in antenna, transmitter and battery. The transmitter is configured for an international satellite system Cospas-Sarsat and works alternately at two frequencies: for satellites and for rescue services. Furthermore, Emergency II - a certified COSC chronometer to 1/100 second, a calendar, alarm clock, timer, indicator of the second time zone, and battery level. A temperature compensation mechanism SuperQuartzTM 10 times more accurate than conventional quartz. The price is also not far away, "quartz" but a human life is worth it. The housing of titanium - durable, lightweight, non-magnetic, corrosion-resistant, diameter 51 mm, weight 140 g without strap.
Oyster Perpetual Day-Date 40
Rolex, in principle, does not produce complicated watches - it is not his specialty. The credo of the world's largest luxury company - the reliability, accuracy and simplicity. Therefore, in the past 2015 Rolex introduced a new generation of its own mechanism, the caliber 3255, twice exceeding the standards in precision timekeeping Swiss Institute (COSC). Updated progress anchoring mechanism called Chronergy increased efficiency by 15%, due to which the power reserve has increased by 50% and amounted to three days. To begin with the caliber 3255 equipped with the most prestigious model, Oyster Perpetual Day-Date, but in the next few years promise to replace the mechanisms and other lines.
Globemaster Master Chronometer
The first watch in the world, received a certificate of accuracy "master chronometer": they are not only for traditional Omega meet the standards of the Swiss Institute chronometer (COSC), but also passed the new certification standard developed by the company together with the Swiss Federal Institute of Metrology (METAS). Now all Omega watches will undergo a double certification: old and new COSC METAS, which guarantees the preservation of accuracy even when exposed to the magnetic field strength of 15 000 gauss.