How does alcohol change our behavior?
• How does alcohol change our behavior?
"Hemingway," "Mary Poppins," "The Nutty Professor"? .. Who do we look like in a state of alcoholic intoxication, scientists have found.
Everyone reacts to alcohol differently. On the internet you can find many amateur classifications, but the scientific data on the subject are scarce. Psychologist Rachel Uinogred (Rachel Winograd) from the University of Missouri, and colleagues decided to fill this gap and to find out how the properties of the human person affect his behavior while intoxicated.
The study involved 187 pairs of fellow students, who often drank together. They filled out questionnaires, which reported the facts of his biography, told how they usually drink and described as behaving in a sober and drunk. They were also asked to describe the typical behavior of a friend in a drunken state.
After computer analysis of the data the researchers were able to identify four types of typical psychological reactions to alcohol, which they gave the name after famous personalities and literary heroes.
"Hemingway" - the famous writer used to say, that does not get drunk, no matter how much or drank whiskey. This category has got most of the subjects - men and women about equally. In a state of intoxication of their integrity (organization, self-discipline, responsibility) and intelligence (in this case - the understanding of abstract concepts and the development of imagination) declined less than other.
"Mary Poppins" - the smallest group, in it were mostly women, who were very accommodating, trying to please everyone in a sober and drunk, remained the same. Researchers believe that people in this group have a lower risk of alcohol problems.
"Mr. Hyde" - people from this group (two thirds of them, oddly enough, were women) intoxicated sharply reduced integrity metrics, intelligence and flexible, they often behave recklessly and aggressively. Scientists say that it is in "Heidi" often have problems after drinking alcohol - in memory loss, injuries, arrests.
"The Nutty Professor". This group proved equally of men and women who, after drinking, being emancipated, turning from introverts to extroverts, much like the hero Eddie Murphy in the corresponding movie.
The study authors acknowledge that classification requires further clarification, but we are confident that the research in this area will be important to develop new methods of treatment for alcoholism.