Hero Hearts Ernesto Che Guevara
June 14, 1928, the year was born the next symbol of the revolution, Comandante Che Guevara, one of the most controversial of the famous personalities of the last century.
Ernesto Rafael Guevara Lynch de la Serna appeared in a family of aristocrats lived a bright but short life, and after his death became a "man-icon", a symbol of struggle and protest. The majority of young people adorning themselves a picture of Che, can hardly imagine what kind of person he was, what ideas professed and against whom he fought.
The birthday of the legendary revolutionary represent rare archival photos and interesting facts from the life of Che's companion.
Ernesto Guevara was born on June 14, 1928 in the Argentine city of Rosario, the son of the architect Ernesto Guevara Lynch (1900-1987). Both father and mother of Ernesto Che Guevara was Argentine Creoles, among his ancestors were Irish, Californian Creoles. On the maternal side of Che was a descendant of the last viceroy of Peru. In the photo from left: Ernesto Che Guevara in the arms of his mother, Celia de la Serna, 1928. Right: Ernesto Che Guevara at the age of five years in the mountains of Alta Gracia with her sister Celia.
At the age of two years Ernesto suffered a severe asthma (and the disease haunted him all his life), and to restore his health, the family moved to the Argentine province of Córdoba.
The first two years Ernesto could not go to school and studied at home (I learned to read at age 4), as the daily suffering asthma attacks. After that, he went with interruptions (due to health status) to secondary school in Alta Gracia. In addition to Ernesto, whose childhood name was Tete (this is short for Ernesto), the family had four more children: Celia, Roberto, Anna Maria and Juan Martin. All children received higher education.
Che Guevara in his youth was fond of football (as well as most boys of Argentina), rugby, horse riding, golf, gliding and loved to travel by bicycle. Starting from 4 years Guevara passionately carried away by reading, good in his parents' home Che was a library of several thousand books. Ernesto Che Guevara was very fond of poetry and even wrote poems himself. Che Guevara was born in Argentina and Cuba are interested in the age of 11, when in Buenos Aires came the Cuban Capablanca chess. Ernesto was very passionate about chess.
Ernesto was strong in the exact sciences, especially in mathematics, but he chose to become a doctor. Che Guevara wanted to devote his life to treating lepers South Americans, like Albert Schweitzer, whom he admired authority. In 1945 he graduated from college and entered the Medical Faculty of the University in Buena Ayrose.
In 1950, when he was already a student, Ernesto hired sailors on tanker cargo ship from Argentina, visited the island of Trinidad and British Guiana. After he made the trip on a moped, which was granted to him by the company "Micron" for the purpose of advertising, with partial coverage for travel expenses.
Ernesto "Che" Guevara from childhood wanted to devote his life to treating lepers South Americans. During his trip to South America together with Dr. Alberto Granados Biochemistry they earned their keep random underworking: wash dishes in restaurants, or treated the peasants acted as veterinarians. When Che Alberto got to Columbia, they were arrested for suspicious and tired. But the police chief, being a football fan familiar with success in Argentine football, freed them to know where they came from, in exchange for a promise to train the local football team. The team won the district championship, and fans bought them plane tickets to the Colombian capital - Bogota. In the photo: Raft "Mambo Tango" which was presented by Ernesto Che Guevara and Alberto Granado sick leprosarium of San Pablo.
From 1953 to 1954 Guevara made his second long trip to Latin America. He traveled to Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Panama, El Salvador. In Guatemala, he took part in the defense of the government of President Arbenz, after which defeat settled in Mexico, where he worked as a doctor. In this period of life of Ernesto Guevara earned his nickname "Che" during the typical Argentine Spanish interjection Che, who was abused in speech.
During his second big trip to Latin America in 1955 in Mexico Che Guevara met Fidel Castro. After this meeting, Che Guevara dropped all their medical work and realized that his destiny - a revolution. He joined Castro and the revolutionary movement, and soon joined his revolutionary unit. In December 1956, a group of 82-x of the revolutionaries arrived at the coast of Cuba in the province of Oriente, and launched an attack against the Batista regime.
June 5, 1957, Fidel Castro highlighted column led by Che Guevara as a part of 75 fighters. Che was awarded the title of Commander (Major). During the revolution in Cuba in 1956-1959 years Comandante was the highest rank among the rebels, who deliberately appropriated to each other higher military ranks. The most famous Commandante - Fidel Castro, "Che" Guevara, Camilo Cienfuegos. During his life, Che, leading guerrilla groups, had been wounded in the fighting 2 times. He wrote to his parents after the second injury, "spent two have five," meaning that he, like a cat seven lives.
In November 1958, Guevara led a guerrilla attack in the province of Oriente on government forces in December colon Guevara captured the strategic point in the province - the capital city of Santa Clara in central Cuba. In 1959, Batista fled the country, which came under the control of the revolutionaries.
Since coming to power of Fidel Castro in Cuba began the repression against his political opponents. After the occupation by the rebels in Santiago de Cuba, January 12, 1959 show trial of 72 police officers there has been arranged, and so on. N. Persons, one way or another associated with the regime and accused of "war crimes". All 72 were shot. Executions in Havana fortress-prison of La Cabaña disposed of Che Guevara personally appointed commandant of the prison and led the appellate tribunal. After the arrival of Castro's supporters in power in Cuba for more than eight thousand people were killed, many - without trial.
After the victory of the revolution Che Guevara got Cuban citizenship, was chief of the garrison of the fortress of La Cabaña (Havana), director of the Industrial Development Department of the country, participated in the preparation of agrarian reform. Photo 1959. From left to right: Raul Castro, Antonio Nunez Jimenez, Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Juan Almeida.
In November 1959 - February 1961, Ernesto Che Guevara was the president of the National Bank of Cuba. In February 1961, Ernesto was appointed Minister of Industry and head of the Cuban Central Planning Board. This image - known photograph "Che" in the Ministry of Industry of Cuba, 1963. Author: Swiss photographer René Burri. Photo: René Burri / Magnum.
In 1960, Che Guevara headed Cuba's economic mission visited the countries of the socialist bloc, including the Soviet Union.
As a Marxist, Ernesto Che Guevara rebuked "fraternal" socialist countries (USSR and China) in the imposition of the poorest countries barter conditions similar to those which dictates imperialism on the world market.
In April 1965, Ernesto Che Guevara wrote to Fidel Castro about his decision to continue to participate in the revolutionary movement of one of the countries of the world and left Cuba.
In addition to the Latin American continent Ernesto Che Guevara led a guerrilla operation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and other countries of the world (data still bear a security classification). Photo: Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1965. "Che" holds a child, while the Congolese guerrillas keeps his finger on the trigger of the rifle. Photo: AFP
In November 1966, arrived in Bolivia to organize the guerrilla movement.
He created a partisan unit 8 October 1967 was surrounded and defeated by government troops. Ernesto Che Guevara was wounded, captured and killed the next day.
October 11, 1967 his body and the bodies of six more of his associates were secretly buried in Vallegrande Airport. In July 1995, it was discovered the location of the graves of Guevara. And in July 1997, the Commander remains were returned to Cuba in October 1997, the remains of Che Guevara were reburied in a mausoleum in Santa Clara, Cuba.
Many people in Latin America after the "Che" death began to consider him a saint, and turned to him "San Ernesto de La Higuera". No wonder many people say that none of the dead was not so much like Christ as "Che" is familiar to all photos in the world, where he is at school on the desk, surrounded by the Bolivian military.
Che Guevara is a national hero of Cuba, his portrait is on Cuban pesos, schools daily classes begin with the song "We'll be like Che" (We will be like Che). In Argentina, the birthplace of revolutionary, there are many museums dedicated to him, and in the city of Rosario in the year 2008 was a bronze 4-meter statue of Che Guevara. Among Bolivian workers Che Guevara has the status of a saint - he called - Saint Ernesto, when asking for intercession and help. The Catholic Church in those regions strongly opposed to such an order, but do in this situation can do nothing.
Forever Comandante (Che Guevara)
The first song was written when our Commander in Chief
I read the farewell letter Chemy learned to love you
From a historical height
Where the sun of your bravery
Went down to the edge of gibeliZdes remains bright
And the presence of your favorite
Comandante Che GevaraTvoya strong and splendid hand
It stretched over history
When all of Santa Clara
I woke up to see you
You come with winds scorching
With the spring sun
Ray of your smile
Your revolutionary love
It leads you to new business
Where hardness expect
Your hands freedom
We continue to move forward
If following with you
And with Fidel you say
- Forever Comandante!