How children perceive the world

How children perceive the world

Children perceive the world differently than adults. This implies the classic problems of "fathers and sons" when a child refuses to eat healthy food, can not sit in the queue and late react to your words.

A sense of time

How children perceive the world

No child will not understand the phrase: "Time flies." Children's time is much slower than for adults. According to the professor in the Baylor College of Medicine, Professor David Eagleman, this is due to the fact that the child is always something to know his every day full of discoveries, even if he does not understand that. It is interesting to all that the floating clouds, the color of passing cars, people's faces. The main thing is that the picture does not stagnate, but the movement is not stopped. That is why the child is impossible to sit still - the word "wait" and "patience" is not for children's ears. So, if you really had to be with the child in a long line of, say, a doctor - it is necessary to take your child some interesting game and periodically arrange "change of scenery". Otherwise, any waiting in line would be a living hell for you and your baby.

And yet, we should not expect from children and instant reaction. Children perceive heard with a delay of 7 seconds.

Vision

How children perceive the world

The vision of young children is also radically different from the adult. Some people believe that babies see the world upside down. This is not quite true. According to the laws of optics on the retina is upside down, but it does not mean that the child sees the world upside down - he still does not see the image at all, he had not yet developed the visual analyzer. Object vision develops in the first two months. It is connected with the central macula, which is responsible for the perception of colors, mostly yellow-red. That is why early childhood are advised to give it red and yellow toys - they are understandable to the child.

Taste

How children perceive the world

The children feel the taste is much brighter than adults. In this language from an early age is able to distinguish between salty, bitter, sour and sweet. According to Temple University professor Jennifer Fisher, preference is given to the choice of savory and sweet. Including why the children do not perceive healthy food: vegetables, fruits, cereal, and so on, because the taste quality of these products are dulled and differ from their preferences. Bitter and does is seen as a poison.

A single source of information

How children perceive the world

At an early age the child, in spite of the huge stock of imagination perceives the world, to some extent, one-sided. British psychologists, a group of University of London, and a group of Italian psychologists from the University of Florence, found that children up to 8 years to absorb information from only one of the senses.

They are not able to compare the data about the world that come from different sources: the smells, sounds, tactile information, as does the adult. Psychologists from Italy offered subjects - children from 5 to 10 years and adults - two dice, the task was to determine which of the blocks more, and could either touch or look at the cube, or else all together. The experiment showed that successfully coped with the task of adults and children over 8 years. Children under 8 years old showed the same result regardless of the method. British psychologists have conducted another experiment with children from 4 to 8 years of age and older. The subjects had to take a toy rocket, walk across the room, "fill" fuel, put passengers to make a countdown from 10, and return the rocket to a starting position. When this experiment was conducted in two different conditions. First, turn off the light in the room, and the subjects were asked to focus on three luminous objects - for moon shape, stars and lightning. As a result, the adults were about 26 cm from the starting point, and the children twice.

The second time, in one case, the scientists removed the luminous landmarks, and whirled in the second test on chairs. Thus, in one case, they could only use the sense of space, while the other only use guidelines. As a result, adults results have deteriorated markedly in comparison with the first part of the experiment, and in children younger than 8 years have not changed. This suggests that the children choose one source of information and they are not taking into account additional information from other sources.