Interesting stories from the lives of great composers
Most ambitious earnings Schubert was barely enough to distribute debts and survive for several weeks. A list of all the composer's estate after his death easily fit in 4 lines.
We have prepared some interesting stories from the lives of the great composers.
How much is Schubert?
fragment of the painting by Joseph Abel (1764-1818), which, by assumption, art, depicts a young Franz Schubert
In the spring of 1828, 26 March, Schubert finally agreed to make a concert of his own works. The need for money and fame was felt all the more strongly. Press responded reluctantly - the first review was published in Dresden, June 12, July 2 reserved review was published in Berlin. The Vienna press spared event.
Nevertheless, the concert has collected 800 florins - the biggest earnings shubertovoy entire life. He immediately bought a piano to replace finally own rented before, drove Eduard von Bauernfeld concert Paganini gave debts, and a few weeks later appeared on the same shoals that before.
In November of that year Schubert died. Inventory of all its assets after death looked like this:
3 evening coat, the coat 3, 10 pairs of trousers, jackets 9;
1 hat, 5 pairs of shoes, two pairs of boots;
4 shirts, scarves and handkerchiefs 9, 13 pairs of socks, one sheet, two blankets;
1 mattress, 1 pillow, 1 blanket.
"Music strike" by Joseph Haydn
Haydn, Franz Josef, a portrait of Thomas Hardy (1792)
Thirty years serving the Hungarian Haydn Prince Esterhazy and thirty years he remained a "serf servant." Despite the fact that the composer has received universal recognition, he had to obeying the Prince Esterhazy. Neither Haydn nor the musicians of the chapel had no right to leave the residence of the prince, while he was there. And the prince to leave the residence not in a hurry. Chapel musicians tired of life without rest, forcing them to turn to for help to Haydn. And Haydn found a way out. In 1772, for the next festival, he wrote a new symphony. Guests were warned about this in advance, and now they are looking forward to the concert.
And lit the candles on the desk, opened the note prepared Instruments Symphony sounded ... ... ... Suddenly one of the horn players played the bars of his party, closed notes, then folded his instrument, I put out the candle on the desk ... and walked away! Haydn, though not noticing continued conduct.
Flautist played his part, and also closed the notes, put out the candle and left. Nobody in the orchestra does not pay attention to the fact that the second horn player and oboist him leave the stage. One after another extinguished candles on the desk, one after the other musicians go ...
What Haydn? Do not you hear?
Gauging the last sound. Extinguished the last flame. Only the thick smell of candle soot remained impenetrably dark hall.
Haydn won. Prince took the hint and left the next morning his propertiesabout, giving musicians the opportunity to take a break from ministry.
Bach and Marchand. The history of failed duel
Portrait of Johann Sebastian Bach (1746)
Game French organist Louis Marchand is so admired the German public that all asserted that it overshadowed all the German artists. But then to King heard rumors about the musician Bach from Weimar, art which is supposedly the pinnacle of craftsmanship. Johann Sebastian was summoned to Dresden and allowed listeners to the concert at the court.
At the concert Marchand sat at the harpsichord, and spoke with one of French arias, complementing the brilliant variations. The audience burst into thunderous applause. After the speech, Bach was invited to try out the piano. He sat down at the keys, and the room froze in amazement: Johann Sebastian began to play the same song that played Marchand. Bach heard it for the first time in my life that did not prevent him accurately repeat variation of the French organist and add your own - more sophisticated and skilled. Historian Frederick Marrug wrote: "Marchand, who still have not seen among organists unparalleled, was forced to admit the undoubted superiority of his new rival, for when Bach took the liberty to invite him to a match in playing the organ and scribbled on a piece of paper topic for improvisation, Mr. Marchand, not only did not show up at the appointed time to the place of competitions, but thought it prudent to retire from Dresden. "
Thus, creative duel did not take place. Marchand left Dresden in the early morning. Winning without competition was awarded to Bach, which, however, does not impact on the overall situation of Bach. Dresden still continued to revel in foreign talent and spend a lot of money on them, and graciously allotted Bach reward not come to him, stuck in the pockets of palace officials.
The last work Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart by Barbara Kraft
Year has been heavy: Mozart suffered from a lack of money and a long time ill. Once in the door he knocked on a stranger, dressed all in black.
- I came to you, Sir, on behalf of a very important person. A person that does not want his name known.
- So be it. What does he want? - Mozart replied.
- He has just lost a loved one. He wants every year to celebrate the anniversary of the death of a church service and asked to write a requiem for this purpose. Insert into it all his talent, you have the privilege of working for a great connoisseur of music, - said the stranger, and left.
The idea of creating a requiem deeply captured Mozart. He has worked with incredible enthusiasm. That's just the state of the composer's health was getting worse. "It can be seen for myself, I am writing this Requiem" - has repeatedly said to his wife and friends. Strange mysterious stranger only aggravate the situation and acted oppressively to the excited imagination of the composer. When Mozart went to visit friends, they were shocked by his sickly appearance and was persuaded to postpone the work and go to bed. He agreed on the condition: friends now ready to perform the part of the Requiem for him. And his beloved disciple Zyusmayeru Mozart began to give the necessary instructions for the completion of the Requiem.
About an hour the night Mozart died.
Later, the mysterious story of the mysterious order explained simply. Count Franz von zu Vilzeg Stupp, a great lover of music, wanted in whatever was being branded a composer. For this purpose he ordered talented musicians composition rewriting their own and passed off. Having lost his wife, the earl decided to honor her memory performance of the Requiem. To this end, he sent his steward to Mozart, who had a conversation with the composer. Desire to assign an essay of the great Mozart and explain the mystery of the negotiations.
Mozart's body was buried in a common grave where they buried the poor, homeless vagrants and criminals. Many years later, an attempt to find the remains of the great composer was made. But to no avail.
Now at the Vienna cemetery, you can see the beautiful monument to Mozart. But the ashes of the great composer is not underneath.