Excursion to the Museum of Mercedes self-propelled crews
• Excursion to the Museum of self-propelled crews of Mercedes
In Stuttgart I drove it with a plan to visit Mercedes museum, very much praised him. Looking ahead, I say - not in vain praised.
is a museum near the Mercedes plant, guided by a map. Next to the museum located Mercedes Arena, Porsche Arena and some amusement park, so the neighboring parking lots all occupied. You need this building:
"Yes this is the Institute of time!" - as soon as I thought - "sorry Kohl Gerasimov did not live, would have rejoiced the old man."
Remember the "Institute of time"? He was outwardly small, but inside is a huge area, lots of corridors and the robot Werther. Mercedes museum building is designed so that it looks small, but within an area already 16, 5 thousand m2, and it is all crowded exhibits. To bypass all of the museum overfill two hours at least.
At the entrance, in exchange for 8 euros you get a ticket, a small booklet and just such Pribluda with headphones:
This audio guide, the menu has the Russian language. It works simply, but unstable - need to bring them to a special sign near the exhibit, click - it will find in the memory of the corresponding audio file, then press the button again - he loses it. Looks a little dumb when a crowd of people standing in front of another exhibit in silence and only his eyes pops
So, exhibits, and more precisely - a huge piece of automotive history.
Lived in Germany in the 19th century, Gottlieb Daimler, an engineer. By the way, the English word "engineer - engineer", derived from the word "engine - the engine" and actually means "dvigatelschik", I mean auto mechanic. This is now the engineers call the representatives of all technical specialties with higher education, and earlier this word does not denote rank and profession, albeit a highly respected. Gottlieb Daimler is not the inventor (ICE) of the principle of the internal combustion engine, it was invented back in 1801, the year (can not believe it? ..) and to the internal combustion engine Daimler constantly improved. Using the ideas of predecessors, engineers around the world have tried to create a small and lightweight internal combustion engine, suitable for installation on a "self-propelled carriage" and easy to use.
So, in 1885, Daimler, together with his friend Wilhelm Maybach (thereby) creating a single-cylinder gasoline internal combustion engine capacity of 0.5 liters. a., with a characteristic sound and look nicknamed the "grandfather clock" (without the cuckoo).
The engine has turned out so tiny (compared to previous products), light (40 kg) and easy to use (Maybach proposed to replace the open fire in the glow plug) that associates installed it on the bike, adding to the safety harnesses wheels
So there was the first motorcycle. Next companion bought a carriage and set the engine on it, increasing its capacity up to one and a half horsepower.
Note the engine sticks out right at the feet of the passengers:
Pay attention to the "wheel"
The first tests of "motorized carriage" held March 4, 1887. Over time, the Daimler engine (Maybach did not insist on the mention of his name in the engine name) became very popular and was placed on trolleys:
On the top while airships:
And in small boats:
But the laurels of the first car makers do not belong to Daimler and Maybach, because there are only a few months ahead of another German engineer - Karl Benz. He created his engine and its version of the car, based on the three-wheeled stroller:
tricycle she was, because Benz was unable to come up with a comfortable steering wheel for two. And here at Benz's engine was more powerful daymlerovskogo, had its cooling system, electrical ignition system, chain drive to the rear axle - in short, in spite of the three wheels, it was technically more advanced car than daymlerovskaya "carriage with a motor."
Creating a car called "Motorwagen" was completed in 1885, and in January 1886 Benz was granted a patent for the invention and passed the test on the road.
Not to mention, a devoted wife Benz - Bert. She laid all of his fortune to her husband could work on engines. She constantly supported him and even advocated "beta tester" - in 1888, Bertha Benz took the car without the knowledge of her husband and made him ride on the children from Mannheim to Pforzheim, a mother-in. Per day, motorists have overcome a total of 106 km, set a world record for the duration of the trip. Along the way, they repeatedly bought gasoline in pharmacies (it was sold there as a cleaner) and repaired the brake and drive belts have a saddler. Several times had climbing, pushing the car up the hill, and Bert advised her husband to install a car gearbox.
Everyone would be a wife.
But back to the Maybach and Daimler. Wilhelm companion persuaded that the car - it is not just "a coach with the motor" and the Paris World Exhibition in 1889 they build Daimler Stahlradwagen - in fact, the first real car, bearing the name Daimler.
He was first fitted with a history of two-cylinder V-shaped engine and four-stage transmission with a toothing, using a steel frame and a spring suspension. Shiny balls on both sides of the lantern - it is not a decoration, expansion tanks and cooling system, which performs the role ... tubular vehicle frame. The car is not only made a splash at the show, but brought companions commercial success, which resulted in the company "Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft" (DMG) appeared in 1890.
And this is a Benz Victoria, 1893 - the first four-car company "Benz & Cie" (before there were three-wheeled). He could "race" at a speed of 18 kilometers per hour, is still behind in the horse speed.
By the way, about the horses. They while still were the most popular form of transport, so the roads were good, "unavozheny" and it all flew from under the wheels of the car passengers. It is the first Benz Victoria appear "wings" that protect occupants from flying feces.
first bus "Benz Omnibus" released in 1895, 8 passengers, maximum speed - 20 km / h:
But the project "did not take off." Two of the bus for two weeks to work in western Germany, and then the bad weather has led the way into disrepair and was abandoned by coaches.
The oldest truck in the world, 1898 edition. 10 horses, the maximum weight of the load - 1, 2 tons.
In 1897, Karl Benz is developing a 2-cylinder engine with horizontal arrangement, known as a "counter-motion" (Boxer engine). The solution has allowed to increase engine power. Car Benz Dos-a-Dos in 1899 could accelerate to unprecedented 35 km / h!
By the way, the name is translated as "back to back" - on the location of the driver and passengers.
Gottlieb Daimler, after the death of his wife underwent a heart attack, sent to Italy, where he died in 1900, leaving the company to his son Paul. It was Paul Daimler together with Wilhelm Maybach built the car, whose name later became the "calling card" of the company DMG.
The history of the creation and naming of Mercedes-35PS model is extremely entertaining. Austro-Hungarian diplomat Emil Jellinek, a man with good connections and a big fan of racing, somehow lost the race on the car and angrily DMG came to Daimler and Maybach, requiring a more powerful sports car. To interest companions, he offered to sell it to a rest on the French Riviera, the rich who are interested to have "the best car in the world." The proposal was sensible - and Paul Wilhelm rolled up their sleeves. Sports car with low center of gravity, a 35-horsepower, two-barrel carburetors, a new cooling system and gearbox accelerates to the unprecedented speed then 70 kilometers per hour and was to the taste of spoiled beau monde.
However, the new car required a new name as well as the right to distribute the product "Daimler" in France had already belonged to the company "Panhard". Emil Jellinek on the rights of "general customer" called the new "Mercedes", supposedly in honor of his daughter. But in fact, the word "Mercedes" ( "mercy") is a certain religion Jellinek and he called them his yacht, the house, my daughter, the car.
By the way, the photo above is not the same Mercedes 35PS (a single instance is not preserved), and Mercedes Simplex 40 PS 1902, which could accelerate to 80 km / h. Outwardly, they look like, so that the presentation can be folded. 35 PS / 40 PS power mean in the title in the "horsepower".
The name Mercedes was fixed and all future models received it with the same frame:
engine power grew, the body changed, but the base remained the same.
At the beginning of the 20th century arose from the side of the French stable demand for expensive cars, so the DMG company has released a set of "luxury" versions of the car.
Some of them you saw in Soviet films about the Civil War
The Russian Empire was a lot of fans, "nemetskago quality", and then the car left the Bolsheviks inherited.
June 28, 1926 the company Carl Benz "Benz & Cie." and DMG Daimler merged to form the company "Daimler-Benz" (existing in our time), renaming all of its cars in the "Mercedes Benz" in honor of DMG best model and after Carl Benz.