Brilliant invention and riddles Leonardo da Vinci
April 15, 1452 g was born a perfect example of a person who has multifaceted talent - Leonardo da Vinci. In this set you will find some of the most famous inventions and mysteries of the great Creator, who is ahead of his time.
The prototype gun
Leonardo actively advertised its military-technical ideas. One of them reveals the essence of a machine gun. He could not quickly produce the bullet from a single trunk. But it could give out shots at short intervals, and if built, would effectively mowed advancing infantry.
It is assumed that the idea of creating a car born from Leonardo in the distant 1478. But only in 1752, self-taught Russian mechanic, farmer Leonty Shamshurenkov could collect "pram samobegluyu", driven by the strength of two people.
The first ever bike
The first bike technical drawings belong to Leonardo da Vinci. Mayningenskaya chronicle of 1447 tells the story of a moving device, driven by a driver.
The idea, according to many, was born back in the time of the Roman Empire, but historians say that it was in da Vinci's notebooks were first bearing sketches.
In his writings Leonardo described the exact dimensions of the device for safe descent from a great height. Swiss Olivier Teppo decided to test it in practice and jumped from a height of 650 meters with a parachute. According to the test, the jump was safe, but that the parachute is practically manageable.
Scuba & Ski
Leonardo loved water: it has developed for diving instruction, invented and described the breathing apparatus for scuba diving.
Such is the basin on wheels with the guns and turrets and the progenitor of modern tanks. It was equipped with a system of gears, which made up a sequence. Eight people have been protected from the outer shell of the battle, so they could deliver on foot of the "hedgehog" right in the thick of the battle, without being wounded.
Leonardo came up with a lot of little things that were very helpful. Then he applied them also in their mechanisms. Ratchet - a locking device which prevents the shaft to rotate in the reverse direction.
A device for winding the coil
At the time Leonardo has simplified the lives of many tailors.
It is believed that in 1495 Leonardo da Vinci first formulated the idea of a "mechanical man", in other words - the robot. As conceived by the master, this device was to be a dummy dressed in a suit of armor and capable of reproducing some human movements.
Mona Lisa and her author
On solving the mystery of Mona Lisa's smile, researchers are fighting for many years. Almost every year there is a scientist, reporting: "Secrets Revealed" Some believe that the difference of perception of facial expression of Mona Lisa is dependent on personal psychological qualities of each. To some it seems sad, someone thoughtful, someone cunning, even someone evil. And some believe that the Mona Lisa did not even smile!
Leonardo da Vinci could write with both hands, and "mirror" - that is right, but sometimes, for example, correspondence with officials, he used the usual style of writing. Most interestingly, the inventor of the specially made mistakes in the drawings, in order to prevent, saying today's language, industrial espionage. That's why many mysteries remain unsolved genius for mankind.
An interesting fact is that da Vinci is considered the inventor of the cartoon figure - because it is often portrayed mutilated human bodies. In January 2005, researchers discovered a secret lab Leonardo. There untouched fresco masters have been found, as well as for the preparation of corpses room (Leonardo and his pupils were opened hundreds of corpses, studying anatomy).
"The Last Supper"
Creating the mural "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci for a long time searching for the perfect model. Jesus must embody good, and Judas, who decided to put him on this meal - Evil.
Leonardo interrupted work many times, going in search of sitters. One day, listening to a choir, he saw one of the young singers of the perfect image of Christ and inviting him to his studio, did with him a few sketches. Three years have passed. "The Last Supper" was almost complete, but Leonardo did not find the right sitter for Judah. The cardinal in charge of painting the cathedral, urged the artist. And after a long search, the artist saw a roll in the gutter man - a young but prematurely decrepit, and drunk. Leonardo ordered his aides to deliver it directly to the cathedral. A person does not really understand what is happening and where it is located, and Leonardo is imprinted on the canvas face of a man steeped in sin. When he graduated from work, beggar, who by this time I had a little recovered himself, came to the canvas, and cried: - I've seen this picture before!
- When? - Leonardo surprised.
- Three years ago, even before I lost everything. At that time, when I was singing in the choir, and my life was full of dreams, some artist painted Christ with me.