Walk around the island-fortress of Mont-Saint-Michel
• Walk on the island-fortress of Mont-Saint-Michel
Mont-Saint-Michel - a small rocky island, the island turned into a fortress, on the northwest coast of France. Town on the island there is a 709 years old.
Already in 1874 he was recognized as a historic monument and has been ranked by UNESCO as a World Heritage site since 1979.
The island fortress of Mont-Saint-Michel is located in 285 km to the west of Paris and draws tourists from all over the world. Factor in the popularity of the object is in a beautiful location of the abbey and the surrounding village on the coast overlooking the rock, the presence of monuments of history and architecture, as well as unique for Europe tides.
The island is a granite formation of conical shape, the perimeter of which is 1 km.
Before the advent of man-constructed buildings Mount Saint Michel was just a rock with steep slopes, eighty meters high. Granite, from which it is very strong and can not be erosion has for thousands of years. Since 1879, the island connected to the mainland by a causeway.
Twice a moonlit night in the bay there are ebbs and flows, the most powerful on the coast of Europe and the second amplitude (after the Bay of Fundy) around the globe.
There are several theories about the origin of the island of Mont Saint Michel. One of them says that in the beginning of the VIII century after a violent storm in this part of the Channel has changed coastline. Part of the coastal meadows and forests disappeared under the water and then entered the sands, and two rocky hills became islands. The largest among them, Mont Tomb (fran. "Burial mound"), and is currently the name of Mont Saint-Michel. Little also bears the name of Tombelaine ( "Little Grave").
Mont-Saint-Michel is famous Benedictine Abbey built in the XI-XVI centuries. Abbey occupies an area of about 55,000 square meters. and m represents a sample of the French medieval fortified convent.
Currently, the city here has several dozen residents.
Victor Hugo was so much impressed by the Mont Saint-Michel, which called him "Pyramid in the ocean."
Mont-Saint-Michel is often mentioned in literary works (from the legends of King Arthur and the poems to contemporary novels), and also serves as a backdrop for many films and clips.
By the way, if someone island fortress of Mont-Saint-Michel seemed familiar - this is probably due to the fact that he was the prototype of the fortress of Minas Tirith in the popular movie "Lord of the Rings."