Carnival of Venice 2015

• Carnival of Venice 2015

Carnivals - a costumed celebrations associated with disguises, masquerades and a colorful procession, mass festivities and theatrical performances. They celebrated before Lent. Carnivals are distributed mainly in Catholic countries, and dates back to the pagan customs of the Roman Empire. Carnival appeared in the IX-X centuries. By this time the earliest mention of the periodic urban festivals in different cities of Western Europe.

The first carnivals were in Italy, and the very first of them - the carnival in Venice.

Carnival of Venice 2015

The first mention of the carnival in Venice belongs to 1094, though to XIII-XIV centuries masks carnivals were not.

Carnival of Venice 2015

No selfie today in any way.

Carnival of Venice 2015

In 1162, in honor of the victory over the Patriarch of Aquileia begun festivities on the main square in Venice - San Marco. Presumably from the time the carnival has become an annual event.

Carnival of Venice 2015

The wearing of masks has been very popular for a while; Venetians wore them for six months - from August to Lent. In connection with the increase in the number of brothels masks were banned by the Council of Ten in 1703, but next year the decision was canceled.

Carnival of Venice 2015

Presentation on the Piazza San Marco.

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Carnival of Venice 2015, on 8 February.

Carnival of Venice 2015

About 3 million people come to the carnival in Venice, including participants and photographers.

Carnival of Venice 2015

In the XVII century the carnival in Venice was in decline, but in 1979 the Venetian Carnival once again become popular: the Italian government elected him to promote the history and culture of Venice.

Carnival of Venice 2015

Carnival in Venice opens the old Venetian festival - Festa delle Marie, which is dedicated to the liberation of the Venetian girls who were abducted by pirates from Istria.

Carnival of Venice 2015

are organized and costumed presentation, which reliably recreate the enchanting, frivolous carnival atmosphere of past centuries.

Carnival of Venice 2015

In 1996, the Carnival of Venice got its own anthem, who wrote the famous couturier Pierre Cardin. It turns out that he also wrote the music.

Carnival of Venice 2015

The last day of the carnival - Shrove Tuesday (similar Slavic Shrovetide), followed by a forty-day fast before Easter.

Carnival of Venice 2015

And of course, the traditional symbol of the annual carnival in Venice - the famous Venetian mask.

Carnival of Venice 2015

Masks were used in everyday life in order to conceal his face. It served a variety of purposes: from the romantic to the crimes. The last led to a ban on wearing masks outside the Carnival just before the end of the Venetian Republic.

Carnival of Venice 2015

The manufacturing process of the Venetian carnival mask outwardly simple. Take the plaster mold, oiled with vaseline, and fills the inside layer of the papier-mache, prepared according to a special recipe. The resulting preform is dried and polishes, then cut out openings therein to the eye. After that, proceed to the decor.

Carnival of Venice 2015

Masks are often coated with a special paint to make them look like old. surface decoration - it is often a slow and painstaking process, using acrylic paint, gold and silver foil, enamel, lacquer, expensive fabrics, rhinestones, feathers, beads ... It all depends on the imagination of the artist.

Carnival of Venice 2015

Carnival in Venice in 2015, on 8 February.

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