70 years since the birth of Bob Marley
• 70 years since the birth of Bob Marley
February 6, 1945, exactly 70 years ago, in the village of Nine Mile in the island of Jamaica in the Caribbean Sea was born Robert Nesta Marley - a man whom we know today as the iconic reggae musician and Rastafarian Bob Marley okoloproroka. Editorial Bigpikchi thanks Bob Marley Archive site for permission to use archival photographs. Turn on loud music, see and read about Bob Marley!
Father - who, incidentally, was a European in origin - Bob met only twice in his life. Mother, Jamaican girl Sedella Booker, gave birth to him in 19 years. In his youth, Bob was the so-called ore-fight - a youth subculture in Jamaica 60s. The existing conditions of poverty, crime and unemployment-fighting ores protested, shaving nalyso, dressed in black and dancing ska and rocksteady - from the music, combined with rhythm and blues, soul and gospel in the late '60s and' born reggae.
After school, Bob got a job as a welder and began to study music - helped him famous Jamaican singer Joe Higgs. In 1963, Marley creates group the Wailers and their first single, head of the Jamaican charts. The group further is popular on the island, and in 1972 received a contract with Island Records, resulting in the release of the first album outside of Jamaica. Soon Eric Clapton comprises a composition I shot the sheriff in the album, it becomes an absolute hit and the band went on tour in America.
In the mid-70s group changed its name to Bob Marley and the Wailers, and include in its composition female vocal trio (among singers and was the wife of Bob, Rita), becoming a leader in the music of reggae. In the UK, almost all the new songs the team immediately get into the Top 40 and Top 10 - No Woman No Cry, Jamming, Waiting in Vain and others. In the United States Marley charts a bit less popular, but highly loved the intellectual elite - its representatives called creative musician singing "love, faith and rebellion." In Jamaica, the same worship of Bob Marley actually takes the form of a cult: its political and religious speech the public perceives as the revelation of the saint. Many Rastafarians still believe Rastafarians and Pan-Africanists prophet Bob Marley.
In July 1977 Bob Marley was diagnosed with skin cancer, melanoma - on the big toe. Musician refused amputation, citing its decision, in particular, Rastafarian beliefs that the body should remain intact. Marley went on to perform all over the world: in 1980, for example, made in Zimbabwe, which further cemented his reputation as a symbol of African Unity - in the year the country gained independence from Britain. In Germany, Marley underwent chemotherapy and was baptized in Kingston - in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. May 1, 1981 the musician died in a hospital in Miami, his last words were "Money can not buy life." Marley was buried in Jamaica. In the crypt next to the body of the musician put the Gibson Les Paul guitar, soccer ball, hemp beam, the Bible and the ring - a gift to the Ethiopian prince, the son of Haile Selassie I.
The photo was taken before 1973.
Also, before 1973, the Wailers band, from left to right: Bob Marley, Bunny Weyler and Peter Tosh.
Also, until 1973, Peter Tosh, Bob's wife Rita Anderson (Marley), Bob.
1973. Photo: Eshter Anderson
1973 Bob in Jamaica.
1973. Bob Marley and the Wailers during live performances of the BBC.
1975, Jeff Walker, George Harrison, Bob Marley and Don Taylor in Los Angeles.
1976, Bob and the Wailers on tour in Holland.
1970, Bob with his mother.
1970, Bob and the Jamaican "Miss World 1976" and a jazz musician Cindy Breakspeare.
1977. The second passion of Bob Marley - after the music, of course - was football. He played everywhere in the fields, on the streets and even in the room recording studio. Bob once told a reporter: "Do you want to know me, play against me and the Wailers in football."
1977, during a European tour.
1977, a sound check before a concert in Paris.
1977, during a European tour. Photo: Kate Simon
1977, resting after a game of football. Photo: Kate Simon
1978, Bob and his son Ziggy play football.
1979. Photo: Tuff Gong.
1979, in New Zealand.
in 1980, the house in Jamaica.
1980, in Paris.
1980, a concert at Madison Square Garden. Photo: David Brooks
1981, Bob Marley's funeral. Photo: Brian Jahn