How to grow salmon and salmon
• How to grow salmon and salmon
For me and my family this place is special and this is where I wanted to go while planning a trip to Karelia. Kem hatchery - this is the place where my grandmother spent her entire working life (from an ordinary employee to director) and, of course, is a place where I have been a hundred times and I can tell you that much.
Do not confuse this plant with some fish farms. This is a fundamentally different businesses who have more differences than something in common. The purpose of the construction of the plant has been described compensation kollosalnyh damage nasenennogo construction stage (4 stations) Kema HPP rather than growing fish for its further processing or sale. In 1971, experts, fish farmers from across the country came to work in unfamiliar terrain to an entirely new and neobkatanny plant, where work on the reproduction continues to this day
Exclusive photos of the factory, I prepared together with his grandmother - deserved Russian fish farmers. Come see how it actually happens:
Of course, to get the plant to any interested person is almost impossible, but I found a way to get inside specially for filming this reportage.
The first thing that catches your eye - the administrative building of the plant. Here are located the principal's office, the main fish breeder, accounting and chief mechanic.
Industrial building plant. There are three shops (the incubation, plant growing fingerlings, shop-year-olds growing), boiler room, the stern cuisine, two warehouses, material and storage of forages, Engineering office, duty part, utility rooms for male and female staff, dryer, shower, garage, as well as workshop.
passes inside the production building and begin our tour.
The first step is go to the hatchery. In the workshop a minimum amount of light and the absence of day, because of which the eggs will die immediately. That is why you see the windows dark curtains.
Here is a tray and aluminum frame for calf breed salmonids (salmon, char).
The staff of the factory is constantly being monitored for the development of the embryo stage. At this stage passes sensitive stage and have to wait for more benign conditions after the appearance of pigmentation in the eyes eggs. By the way, this is not to spawn, not because she was breech, but because it is hard and quite tasty. So Hussars, aside jokes aside.
I almost forgot to tell the origin of the eggs. hatchery Experts mine producers (male and female salmon and char), kept them in special cages that are installed on the rivers, where they live in their natural environment. (Char spawn taken immediately). Then, after sexual maturation producers are transported to the plant, and there take the eggs of females, males and produce sperm fertilization. Wherein the female and male remain alive and released back into the river.
370 000 eggs laid this year. According to the plan, the number of eggs in the waters of Karelia must issue 160,000 fishes
And on the technical side. Here valve that closes the water if necessary. In a regular situation the water flows constantly - running and without any heating. Water enters the plant without any purification bed Kem River.
are not bath, and a plastic swimming pool, which is home to the so-called fingerlings before you. Yearlings this young age is not more than one year. Young of the year - this year.
So, for example, as soon as the char becomes older than 1 year, it released into the pond at the next release of the fish. Release the fish is carried out in several ways. A helicopter or a car, equipped with special containers. Growing salmon lasts 2 years, after which it is available
Now, briefly about the plant water supply system. In just a few hundred meters worth withdrawals, which are pipes from the factory, distributing water throughout the basin. Water intake is equipped with a special net, which does not allow water enter the other fish, and various organic debris (algae, grass, foliage)
In the workshops, where there are swimming pools with fish, the system is exactly the same as in the incubator. That is, water is fed into the river and sbrasivaetsya on like this sanitation.
To fish is not left in the pipe, each equipped with a swimming pool zagoroditelnym drum. He is in front of you in the photo
Now for the feeding system. Before you remote control of all feeders plant. The meaning is simple - all trough plant fed the fish themselves. Responsible fish farmer sets the supply of feed, pause between feeding.
Here is the most common feeder.
Another feature - the fish farmer sets the gap at the trough, which defines the amount of feed supply. Higher - more below - less. It is also necessary to say that the food poured employees of the plant, and they are taking it in the feed shop.
Fodder shop looks like. Carts on a photo in the winter is not needed, but we will return to them. Bathroom Sink different dishes, which can be seen at the edge of the photo. Dough-mixing machines in the photo stand for the manufacture of feed mixtures. That is, if the feed is necessary to add drugs or vitamins, in vats mixed feed.
Also in this room are weighed feed
That's feed. It is stored in a special dish
For fish farmers prepared a table of rations. Do not mistake, and you will not forget
Let us go back to the shop. Let's look at a two-year salmon river Keret.
Here they are. Of course, much more than the young of the year
Barely persuaded to show the fish for a photo
Photo Truth itself failed. Fish for a long time to keep the air can not be, otherwise it will be stress.
For each fish species has a special inventory.
As well as a container of disinfectant solution for inventory. After work, employees should definitely handle it.
The heating system is carried out automatically the boiler working on diesel fuel. Previously, stoked with coal, but now everything is modern.
in each shop and indoor telephone set. As the saying goes, just in case, and to control the entire process.
In the photo the largest swimming pools in the plant. There are only three. It is here when the time comes, those are the most male and female producers. Now there live two-year salmon, which in the spring will go to the other pools
Talking about the achievements of the plant. Since 1971, the Red Book was taken Onega salmon and released a huge amount of fish that feeds many people in Karelia.
At various times, then grown salmon, char is and salmon. Also incubated (produced fry): whitefish, smelt, whitefish, peled.
The last place I'll show you - trout ditch located on the street.
In the summer there is trout ditches growing salmon yearlings. A total of 20 pools
Here is the place where one could work and me.