Photos from the time of perestroika Leo Erkena
• Photos from the time of perestroika Leo Erkena
Usually, people are rarely interested in who the author of a particular photograph. Artists, actors, artists everyone knows, but the photographers are always in the shade. The situation must be corrected. Today Leo Erken.
Sochi, Russia, 1995. Oleg and Nicholas, Moscow hooligans on vacation playing with a rack of beach photographer.
Leo Erken began working as a photographer just when Russia began in the global political and social changes - in the late 1980s. He traveled extensively in Russia and Eastern Europe, filmed stories about the everyday life of the Soviet (and then ex-Soviet) citizens. About his work at that time Erken says: "My photos were published in newspapers. At that time they were printed mostly in black and white, and, accordingly, I also filmed mainly in black-and-white film. I struggled to not only see the world in black and white, and do not divide it into East and West. I did not try too much to express their views, but simply observe the world around me. During the "big news" I sent photos of the leaders, demonstrations, and victims of violence. On other days - just the history of everyday life. This eastern "everyday life" was then considered in the West, something out of the ordinary. "
Erkena work in Russia and Eastern Europe continued until 2000, it was the result of the book Street-Street-Straße, which included the best photos taken in 12 years. As the title suggests, the book is written in three languages, so that it easier to read the residents of different countries. I'll show you a few pictures, the authorship of the signature Erkena.
Akjar (former Steppenwolf), south of Chimkent, Kazakhstan, 1993. The bus stop.
Rainbow, Tyumen region, Siberia, 1992. Svetlana (front) and Nina - Petroleum chef brigade.
Moscow, Russia, 1993. Domodedovo airport.
Svinyarov, Russia 1994.
Ataman Alexander Aleynikov with his horse snake. In Soviet times Svinyarov renamed the Lenin farm. Aleynikov - a former miner, and now Ataman farm. Aleynikov family and four other families gave hectares of land under the "rehabilitation of the affected people." Part of the land they rent to other farmers nearby and it is extra income for the farm.
Moscow, Russia, 1993.
Street boys Alex, Matthew, Sasha and Dima. Leshina shaved head says that happened a few weeks of absence from Pushkin Square - the police sent him to an orphanage. The boys listened to his stories about how things work at the shelter. When he tells them that escaped through an open window in the kitchen, my friends do not believe. Before you take Lesha ago, they beat him and smeared lipstick person.
The Moscow region, Russia, 1999. Recording a video clip of the singer Michael Zakharovich Shufutinski and Tatiana Nikolaevna Ovsiyenko. When Mikhail Anybody have given permission to emigrate to Israel in 1981, he was rebellious performer of Jewish folklore, and its relations with the authorities ladilis. After receiving permission to leave Russia, he moved from Israel to the United States, where he became a well-known performer and musician among the Russian community in the restaurants of Los Angeles. When in 1990 he accepted an invitation to speak at Moscow stadium full of people chanted his name. It turned out that all these years, his songs were copied from tape to tape, and his fame grew in the Soviet Union. Thus began his great career a popular singer in Russia.
Moscow, Russia 1996.
In June 1959 the first of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, Vice President Richard Nixon, America treated glass of Pepsi-Cola of the first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev. Twenty years later, Pepsi-Cola was sold throughout the Soviet Union, ahead of its rival Coke-Cola.
Moscow, Russia, September 4, 2001. Celebration of the "Day of the City 'in Moscow.
Moscow, Russia, 2000.
At the monument to the Unknown Soldier near the Kremlin Wall in the Alexander Garden, chased the girl with a cigarette.
Warsaw, Poland, 1990. View from the last floor of the Marriott Hotel.
Grozny, Chechnya (Republic of Ichkeria), 1997. The mother of a Russian soldier, a captured Chechen fighters for months waiting for information about his son.
Vedeno, Chechnya, 1995. The refugees from Grozny in the mountain village of Vedeno, south-west of the capital of Chechnya.
Magadan, Russia, 1999. In the Stalin era, Magadan was the center of political prisoners in transit, which are distributed in a labor camp. Far East was the center of "The Gulag Archipelago", according to Alexander Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008). First, ex-prisoners and their children could not go anywhere because of the crisis, high inflation and, in addition, they were given permission to leave. Later they settled here for economic reasons. Winter frosts in Magadan are below 55 degrees Celsius, and the summer is too short to be anything to grow.
Moscow, Russia, 28 September 1991. Tushino airfield. After a failed coup, Gorbachev allowed to take place in Moscow on a free concert "Monsters of Rock" with the band Metallica and AC / DC. Perhaps it was the largest audience for which ever played these groups. According to the official data, there were up to 500,000 listeners, according to other sources, was attended by more than a million fans of hard rock. Thousands of troops to maintain order. At this point in 2012, the Moscow football club "Spartak" has begun construction of their new stadium.
Nizhnevartovsk, Russia, 1992.
Moscow, Russia, 2000.
On the Moscow River Tanya and Galya, Moscow artist, dancing on the top deck of a recreational river ship "Borodino". The Battle of Borodino lasted one day, September 7, 1812, and was the largest and bloodiest during the invasion of Napoleon in Russia, it involved 250,000 soldiers, and at least 70,000 were killed or wounded.
Moscow, Russia, 1996. In the metro station "South West".
Konovalovo, Irkutsk region, Siberia, 2003. Step Brothers Andrey Glavin (16 years) and Eugene Berezovsky (8 years). In the village Konovalovo many suffer poor memory, and the children have difficulties with learning. According to some sources, it is probably due to the fact that for many years the chemical factory in Usolye-Siberian releases mercury tonnes in the Angara River, it is mixed with sediment and extend to two hundred kilometers downstream, reaching Balagansk and Konovalov, which were recorded high doses of mercury. Many of the environmental disaster in the former Soviet Union remain unexplored.
Moscow, Russia, 1996. The House on the Embankment was built in 1927 for the members of the Communist Party. In the thirties, during the Stalinist repression were arrested 700 of the 2,000 residents of this house. Right - build the Temple of Christ the Savior. The first cathedral was built under Alexander I in 1817. In 1930, Joseph Stalin chose this place for the construction of "Palace of Soviets" and the church was blown up. "Palace of the Soviets" was never built. For many years this place was an outdoor swimming pool. The cathedral was rebuilt in 1996 under Yeltsin. February 21, 1912 in the temple of female punk band Pussy Riot performed a so-called punk prayer. They sang: "Hail Mary, Putin Put!" Three women were arrested on charges of hooliganism and religious hatred. They were sent to different prisons. One woman was released in October 2012.
Nizhnevartovsk, Russia, 1992. The house, built from the oil tank.
Prague, Czechoslovakia, in November 1989. Thousands of protesters against the communist regime gather on Wenceslas Square. "Velvet Revolution" in Czechoslovakia, a revolution without violence against the leading role of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia took place from November 17 to December 29, 1989. It led to the collapse of party control over the country. Opposition movements of different directions united in the Civil Forum. Together they organized mass demonstrations that led to the fall of the communist regime. Students played an important role in the Civil Forum. They communicated with people, spreading across Prague leaflets, often written by hand.
Moscow, Russia 1996.
Moscow, Russia, in September 1991.
Moscow, Russia, May 9, 1992.
Tulip Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (Vladimir Lenin, 1870-1924) at the mausoleum on Red Square.
Grozny, Chechnya, 1995. Palace Square. Upper Left - Presidential Palace, on the right - the hotel "Caucasus" and the building of the local parliament.
Grozny, Chechnya, 1995. On the left - the hotel "Caucasus", in the middle - the building of the local parliament.
Grozny, Chechnya, 1995. On the outskirts of Grozny, that Russian soldiers have dubbed the "Shanghai", in a ruined house woman mourning for the dead her husband and son.
Moscow, Russia, 1993. Mikhail Gorbachev (1931) in his office of the Gorbachev Foundation. Gorbachev was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991 and the last leader of the Soviet Union until its collapse in 1991, Gorbachev announced a policy of glasnost and perestroika, aimed at reforming the communist system in the Soviet Union. In fact, this policy has failed. Gorbachev received worldwide recognition for its role in the transformation of Central and Eastern Europe from dictatorships to democracy and in the process of return of the market economy in the countries of the former Soviet Union. In East Berlin, October 7, 1989, Gorbachev (he reacted to the GDR leader Erich Honecker, 1912-1994) stated, "Dangers await only those who do not react to life." Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990. With the money of the Nobel Prize, he founded and became co-owner of the opposition newspaper "Novaya Gazeta", where Anna Politkovskaya worked, who was killed in 2006 because of her critical articles.
Moscow, Russia, 1992. President Boris Yeltsin talks to his supporters at a political rally. Under Yeltsin, Prime Minister Yegor Gaidar and Privatization Minister Anatolii Chubais pursued a policy of shock therapy in the economy, price liberalization and privatization. Since then most of the national wealth into the hands of a small group of so-called oligarchs. Although Yeltsin era has brought freedom of the press and the liberalization of society, as it is marked by deep corruption, rising inflation, economic collapse, political and social issues.
Prior to April 1993 there were various meetings of the Supreme Soviet of People's Deputies. The opposition, led by Ruslan Hazbulatova and Vice President Alexander Rutskoi Vladimirovich, made several attempts to impeach the president.
Moscow, Russia, December 1992. The Congress of the Supreme Council in the Kremlin opposes Yeltsin. The opposition to the president and his policy of tough economic reforms shock forcing the speaker of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation - Ruslan Khasbulatov Imranovich - to decide on the convening of the Extraordinary Congress of People's Deputies in the Kremlin in 1992.
Moscow, Russia, October 6, 1993. In his prison cell during martial law. Boris Yeltsin declared a state of emergency and imposed a curfew after the attacks on the "White House." Being on the street after 20.00 was banned. Riot police arrest a person who has violated the curfew. Since this person is "Caucasian appearance", it contains apart from the others.
Sergey-Pole, near Sochi, 1995. Businessman Andrei Yazidyan marries student Violette. Both Armenians by origin. On their wedding more than 700 people present.
Agdam, about Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan, 1996. When the war against Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh ended, Armenians occupied not only Nagorno-Karabakh enclave, but also the surrounding area. Azerbaijani town of Agdam has been completely destroyed. In Agdam was 50,000 inhabitants.
After the capture of Nagorno Karabakh Armenian army surrounded the Agdam and gave the public a few hours to leave the city. Then they destroyed the city and the cemetery where stood a monument to those killed in the Great Patriotic War. The war in Nagorno-Karabakh lasted from February 1988 to May 1994 between ethnic Armenians constituted the majority of the population, and Azeris. Enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in the south-west of Azerbaijan, to the end of 1994, the Armenians, supported by the Republic of Armenia in full control of the enclave and 9% of adjacent Azerbaijani territory.
According to humanitarian organizations, the Armenian side killed 5,000 people and 25,000 people - with Azerbaijan. The conflict has left 230,000 Armenians from Azerbaijan, 800,000 Azerbaijanis left Armenia and Karabakh. During the ensuing blockade of Armenia by the economic situation has become hopeless. Food received through the only open border with Iran. And Azerbaijan's economy has developed rapidly thanks to contracts with Western and Russian oil companies.