10 most expensive works of art created by women
In Moscow, brought an extensive collection of works by Natalia Goncharova - the famous Russian avangardistki who went at the beginning of the XX century in Paris. It is the largest exhibition of Goncharova in Russia over the past 100 years: until 16 February 2014 at the Tretyakov Gallery will feature approximately 400 items, most of which have never been exhibited in Russia. Goncharova was recognized not only in Russia but also in the world.
Its most expensive work - "Flowers" - was sold for more than $ 10 million and a record for works of art created by women..
Natalia Goncharova "Flowers" (1912)
Price: $ 10, 9
Year sales: 2008
This painting is considered to be a landmark for the Russian avant-garde. It Goncharova mixed the latest trends of European art (she studied the paintings of Gauguin, Matisse, Picasso) and own a new direction - Beams. This style - one of the earliest forms of abstract art - Goncharov came up with her husband Mikhail Larionov futurist. Artists depicted the rays of light colored lines, and thus the transmitted image objects. They believed that the objects of human perception - it is "the sum of rays from the light source reflected from the object and fallen into our field of vision" ( "Manifesto Rayonism").
Louise Bourgeois 'spider'
Price: $ 10, 7 million
French-born American Louise Bourgeois has lived nearly a hundred years, and tried her hand in virtually all major areas of art of the twentieth century - cubism, futurism, surrealism, constructivism and abstract art. But Bourgeois became famous primarily as a sculptor. Her work combines a unique system of symbols. A key theme of her work - childhood memories. Spider, spider or rather in the sign system Bourgeois - a symbol of the mother. "She was a smart, patient, friendly, sensible and indispensable as the spider. And she knew how to protect themselves, "- says the artist about her mother. Giant bronze sculpture by Louise Bourgeois Spider break records at auction. Last record belongs almost seven-meter "spider" from a private collection in the Napa Valley near San Francisco: November 8, 2011 it purchased at Christie's for $ 10, 7 million.
Natalia Goncharova "Spanish flu" (1916)
Price: $ 10, 7 million
Year sales: 2010
This painting Goncharova was written during the First World War. Then, in the artist's life there have been major changes. She moved from Russia to Paris, where he made the scenery for "Russian Ballet" Diaghilev. The "Spanish flu" was showed skill Goncharova as a theater artist: the powerful energy of Spanish dance has been transferred in the composition. At the same time she was able to combine the details of theatrical scenery and simplification inherent in abstract art. The "Spanish flu" emerged radically new technique, which was later named the theatrical constructivism.
Natalia Goncharova "Picking Apples" (1909)
Price: $ 9, 8 million
Year sales: 2006
Following the auction "Impressionist and masters of the XX century" in 2006, "Collect apples" set a record for a Russian painting. True, who bought the painting is not known: the buyer wished to remain anonymous.
At the time when this paper was written, the artist was fond of impressionism, post-impressionism, cubism and futurism, but it is especially noticeable in the influence of Gauguin. Inspired by Goncharova and Russian icon painting and woodcut tradition. The result was a series of "Picking Fruit", made in a very original manner.
Joan Mitchell's "Untitled" (1959)
Price: $ 9, 3 million
Year sales: 2011
"Untitled" - one of the first works in the new Mitchell for her at that time style of abstract expressionism. Mitchell, according to the Berlin Artnet.com trading company, is the most successful artist on the auction turnover. During the period from 1985 to 2013 it has sold 646 of her works, for them buyers paid a total of $ 239, 8 million. In contrast to other American artists working in the style of abstract expressionism, Mitchell turned to the European tradition.
Tamara de Lempicka "Dream" ( "Rafaela on a green background") (1927)
Price: $ 8, 5 million
Year sales: 2011
Tamara de Lempicka - American artist with Polish roots who lived for some time in St. Petersburg. She has worked in the Art Deco style that arose in 1920-30-ies and soak up the spirit of the "century of jazz". "Dream" was written by Lempicka in a fruitful Paris period and after the auction in 2011 was the most expensive works of the artist. Prior to this, the most expensive of its works were sold in 2009 "Portrait of Marjorie Ferry" ($ 4, 9 million) and "Portrait of Madame M." ($ 6, 1 million).
Joan Mitchell "Salut, Sally!" (1970)
Price: $ 7 million
This picture is dedicated to Mitchell older sister, Sally. The work is very different from her previous paintings. In the artist's life came the good times, which is reflected on the canvas. "Salut, Sally!" - bright and sunny picture. By 1970, Mitchell has found a permanent home, settling in the small town of Vétheuil is 55 km from Paris. There she watched the nature and constantly draw on their terrace, mainly sunflower and other colorful flowers. Mitchell was recognized Parisian public - the first solo exhibition abstraktsionistki held in the French capital in the same 1970 The painting was done in oil on canvas. Before the sale of the web is in a private collection.
Cady Noland "Ozvald" (1989)
Price: $ 6, 6 million
American Cady Noland - sculptor and installation artist who works in the style of postmodernism. The peak of her work took place in the 1980-1990 years. And his latest work Noland established 11 years ago. This, however, does not prevent her paintings go up. According to Bloomberg, Noland - one of three artists whose work is the highest growth over the past 13 years (5 +, 488%). Such impressive figures it achieved in particular due to sell for $ 6, 6 million "Ozvaldu".
The sculpture depicts Lee Harvey Oswald - the only suspect in the murder of US President John F. Kennedy. Noland worked on this installation in a familiar technique. It uses images from the media (newspaper clippings, frames Chronicle), and increases them by using screen printing is applied to the aluminum sheets and then cut out. To make the figures of expression, in some cases, it makes holes - traces of bullets.
Noland works are in leading galleries. Her personal exhibitions were held in the United States, Japan, Europe, and the works are sold by leading auction houses of the world.
Tamara de Lempicka "Sleeping" (1930)
Price: $ 6, 6 million
Portraits, including those in the genre of "nu", occupy a major place in the artistic heritage de Lempicka. She created the image of a strong and sexy woman (it is not surprising that one of the main gatherers works Lempicka became Madonna). The world is filled with the artist's luxury, expensive dresses, perfect bodies.
Natalia Goncharova "Flowering Trees" ( "Apple blossom") (1912)
Price: $ 3 96 million
In this work Goncharova, critics say, is much closer to the picturesque French tradition of the XIX century than to the works of Kazimir Malevich and Wassily Kandinsky.