10 most expensive and famous gems
We suggest that you read about the ten most amazing jewels, each of which is a kind of work of art.
1. Kohinur, the jewel in the crown of the British rulers of
Kohinur - diamond weighing 106 carats, was once the largest diamond in the world. Previously, they owned the Indian rulers, and today he is in the hands of the British royal family and is part of the Crown Jewels.
When Kohinur was owned British Royal Family, its weight was 186 ct (37 g). Prince Albert specifically looking for a jeweler with a perfect reputation and personally went to Holland to entrust the diamond processing certain Mr. Cantor. He went to work, and after a while the diamond was presented to Queen Victoria.
Diamond became part of the royal crown, and the last time she wore the Queen Mother during a solemn coronation, when she became Empress of India.
2. Millenium, sapphire with a soccer ball size
Millennium Sapphire size of a soccer ball - a jewel carved with her portraits of famous historical figures. Currently, the Sapphire is sold for $ 180 million, but the buyer must place the miracle weight 61, 5 thousand carat, where people will be able to look at him.
Created by Italian artist Alessio Bosch, sapphire Millennium - a tribute to the human genius. On it is carved 134 portraits, including - Beethoven, Michelangelo, Shakespeare, Albert Einstein and Martin Luther King Jr. Now Millennium owned by a consortium of investors led by Daniel McKinney. Over the last 15 years, Sapphire has been on display only twice - at the Oscars in 2002, the year and on the ship "Princess Sapphire" during his first voyage in 2004, the year.
28-inch sapphire was discovered in Madagascar in 1995, the year. In the natural form it weighed about 90 thousand carats, but lost about a third of its weight during the treatment, which lasted two years and completed in 2000.
3. Don Pedro, the world's largest aquamarine
The world's largest processed aquamarine is in the museum in Washington near the Hope Diamond and Marie Antoinette earrings. Produced in Brazil in the 1980s pegmatite is named after the first two Brazilian emperors. Aquamarine Don Pedro takes pride of place at the National Museum of Natural History at the Smithsonian Institution.
Blue-green gem, resembling the obelisk, created by the famous German jeweler Bernd Munshteynerom, known as the "father carved fantasies". Height Dom Pedro - 35, 5 cm, and weight - 10,363 carats (or two kg).
4. The world's largest pearl of
November 21, 2010, the year the world's largest luminous pearl has been shown in the Chinese province of Hainan public. Pearl weighing nearly six tons and a diameter of 1, 6 meters is estimated at two billion yuan ($ 301.197 million) - China's Pearl is valued more than diamonds. Stone, consisting mainly of fluorite, is green light in the dark. It took almost three years to give the stone perfectly round shape pearls.
5. The Graff Pink - the most expensive in the world pink diamond
Laurence Graff is the world's largest gemstone dealer. In 2010, his reputation was confirmed by purchasing stunning rarity - a pink diamond weighing 24, 78 carats. Graff owns five mansions in England, France, Switzerland and New York, as well as personal Mediterranean yacht, diamond mine outside of Johannesburg and a half-dozen private property in Mayfair.
Flawless pink diamond set a new record price at Sotheby's: rates continued to rise, the situation escalated, and eventually got a brilliant 36th richest man in Britain for $ 45 million - the highest amount ever paid for a jewel.
6. Ethereal Carolina Divine - the largest Paraiba tourmaline
The financier Vincent Boucher of Montreal owns Ethereal Carolina Divine - Paraiba tourmaline weighing about 192 x carats. The stone is estimated at $ 25 million to $ 125-million, five, and a world record price for the Paraiba tourmalines.
Paraiba tourmaline is one of the rarest gems in the world. Named in honor of the stones of the Brazilian region where they are produced, and it was there found the vast majority of these stones. For every 10 thousand diamonds found there is one Paraiba tourmaline, and a total to date produced a total of 50 kg of the precious stones.
7. 478-carat uncut diamond
The massive 478-carat diamond was found in the mine Letseng (Letseng) in Lesotho, a small kingdom in South Africa. It is the 20th largest rough diamonds from ever found, and this mine previously found three largest diamonds in the world: 603-carat Lesotho Promise, 493-carat Letšeng Legacy and the 601-carat Lesotho Brown.
A similar, but smaller stone was recently valued at $ 12 million. There is a chance that this diamond will be able to make a 150-carat diamond, which can outshine even Kohinur.
8. The world's most expensive gemstone
One of the most unique gems in the world, a flawless blue diamond was awarded in 2007, the title of the most expensive gemstone in the world. 6, 04-carat diamond was sold for $ 7, 98 million at Sotheby's in Hong Kong. Flawless diamond has been estimated at $ 1, 32 million per carat.
Happy owner of a stone was the jewelry house "Moussaieff Jewelers" in London. Diamond was formerly in a private collection, and will once again be in addition to a rare collection of gems. However, this is not the world's largest blue diamond, but a perfect job and deep blue justify the huge cost that is ten times the price per carat of white diamonds usual.
9. Bahia emerald - the world's largest
Bahia Emerald - Emerald largest nugget ever found. The stone weighs 1, 9 million carats and was discovered in the state of Bahia in Brazil. He narrowly escaped flooding during the hurricane "Katrina" in 2005, the year in the period of storage in a warehouse in New Orleans. In September 2008, the news reported that the stone was stolen from a secure repository in Los Angeles, California. The stone is estimated at $ 400 million and recently appeared for sale on the auction eBay - it offered to buy "only" for $ 75 million. Once the stone left Brazil and came to the United States, there have been numerous attempts to sell it, but to no avail. In the end, the stolen emerald was seized from a dealer in Los Angeles and delivered to the Department of the Los Angeles Sheriff.
10. Musayifsky red diamond
Formerly known as the Red Shield Diamond, Musayifsky red diamond is the world's largest red diamond - the weight of 5, 11 carats. Discovered in Brazil in the 1990s, the diamond has a triangular brilliant cut, and most recently, in 2003, the year he was given the public attention to the Smithsonian exhibit.