In this post I will discuss the most northerly railway in operation - Bovanenkovo extending completely in the permafrost of the Ob station to Bovanenkovo gas field.
This road in the harsh conditions of the North operates the shift camp: the delivery and removal of watches and various cargoes. Let's go back in the winter and cool slightly.
His journey we started late in the evening, when we arrived at the station Ob and settled in the "charter" a train that will take us to the north. And prior to departure was an opportunity to take a walk on the depot. At some point, he was captured vigilant guard ... and then there was a small problem. All our documents are - on the train, and shooting at the station were planned only for tomorrow. But all agreed and I continued to shoot - random pictures in the evening there can not be. And the duty master locomotive depot, as it turned out, the same in the course of tomorrow's filming.
At the moment, used diesel TEM2, TEM7 and TEM9. Previously operated TE10 put in reserve. They were wasteful, capricious in service and did not please environmentalists.
Ob station has a huge economy, where there is a locomotive depot and motovoznoe. Workshop for repair of cars and other units.
Connect in the north is critical. The whole line length of 570 kilometers is divided into two portions (Ob-Hralov and Hralov-Karskaya) served by the two controllers. No auto-lock using a telephone alarm. Until the next junction is not informed that a train arrives, send next impossible. But the departure of the train is permitted if there is a input traffic lights, then the composition may be followed by up to them. We link local driver - the nearest siding (in the extreme case, there is satellite communication). But the duty of the junction has been in constant communication with the controller, which is located on the Ob. In the photo manager notes on the chart following the freight train that is returned from the Bovanenkovo.
Far north harsh winter. In general, in the summer there is also missing the pleasures of life, but in the winter - it's freezing cold and lots of snow. If all Stretches done on the mound and snow blows away from the track, the snow on the need to clean up the plant permanently. Deposits are extremely rare, although the driver told us that they somehow get stuck for three days in the tundra and waited for them to dig a snowplow.
Rotational train - ordinary car with reserved seats. But everything is clean and tidy. Due to strict prohibition on the field all the shift workers landing on the train are checked as at the airport - and X-ray inspection.
But the food here is fine, however, is good and nourishing food - this is a feature of the Far North. Otherwise, there will be in difficulty.
Station Ob and its park path belong to "Gazprom", in addition to the two main ways that are in department Railways - trains pass over them in transit to the station Labytnangi. Moreover, in order to go in the direction of Bovanenkovo, it is necessary to pass a small area along paths Railways, of course, paying for transit.
Monitoring and control again. Harsh conditions do not tolerate sloppiness.
The diesel-generator wagon train restorative. A decade "Gazpromtrans" was painted in national motives.
The crew of the recovery train is always ready to go for help, but still trains at the parking lot.
The cars, it happens to break. But in the shop for repairs ready to fix any damage.
In TEM2 cabin. It's time to go north!
Our comfortable car.
I have already told about the peculiarities of the construction in the permafrost. Let me remind you the main point: the permafrost in any case should not melt, otherwise all facilities just float. Then, in the 50s, it was not possible to find a solution. Now, even though it turned out to be expensive, but it turned out to overcome the permafrost and to build a railway line. The plan and the profile path is very complicated. A huge volume (70) bridges, culverts and other objects. train speed is limited to 40 kilometers per hour, and railcars can accelerate to 50. But the road constantly demands greater attention.
One of the sidings. All on the line - 8 operating stations (including the Gulf of Ob and Kara), and 15 existing trips (+ 2 more inhibited).
Working conditions are very strict. Notwithstanding any weather conditions, the train must be met and sent. According to old-timers, it happened that in a snowstorm from the house to the paths traveled by crawling, clinging to the hand of the rail, and so crept toward the shooter. Visibility - almost zero, and no lights could not penetrate the snow charge. Is it worth it to get lost in the tundra - and ends. Even then will not find ...
Watch last month. The house is equipped with everything necessary, a few people live. There are jobs, bedroom, kitchen, fitness equipment.
Snegoborba at stations and sidings - a separate conversation.
The service railcar and a stationary home for the watch.
The road to the Bovanenkovo built in two stages. Start of construction works was laid in 1986 and construction was actively conducted until 1995, when the roads were laid to Payuta station (188 km). During the construction of the new scheme was tested subgrade construction in winter (it is winter!) Slept "core" of the mound - the frozen tundra closes frozen ground, summer mound brought to the project Profile melted, dry soil. To protect the embankment from destruction by heating the used thermal shock of Penoplex. As a basis - nedreniruyuschy loam, which was previously considered unsuitable for this purpose. The main objective of this pie - keep the soil temperature constant throughout the year. As a result, it failed from the start, unlike the Trans-Siberian, Salekhard-Igarka Railway and the BAM, ensure a stable condition of subgrade. After the station Payuta line brought to 2003 to the junction Harlov (268 km), and construction stopped. But already in 2005 added two northern road, and January 12, 2010 along the line (570 km) began working-class movement. If in Soviet times, the funding was public, then on completion of "Gazprom" has invested its own funds. And now he has probably the most extensive departmental railway.
different "refrigerators" are also used. In the photo - two pairs of large white pipes on the sides of the path. At this point, under the roadbed extends culverts, and that is not melted around the ground, it is cooled by air through these ventilation pipes. Plus used refrigerators - tubes with Freon, which during the winter tolerate cold down, freezing the cone, which is enough for the summer.
Train-the water carrier. Two cars with water and the machine with the fuel. Usually in the booths located at the "driver", as they go to the new restaurant motors to a cargo does not freeze.
Pointers to civilization.
The longest bridge (3, 9 km) above the Arctic Circle. Built in 2008-2009. Tube in the mound - it's just a refrigerator for her freezing
before Pipes supports are used to monitor the state of permafrost - primarily temperature.
The bridge was built in record time: just 349 days.
Naturally, I climbed up on a farm. Beautiful view!
And this is mine - Kara station.
The return back to the blizzard and snowstorm.
piled up for the night in the vestibule.
Khralov crossing point - the frame of the automated control of dimensions.
Train, poles, mast and white thing.
rotational former construction camp. Who has not been used, except for a few houses.
Even in a snowstorm workers go to work. Discount the bad weather is not here.
The strength of the wind was such that I simply went to the stream.
Two bridges - road and rail - across the river pike.
Our charter train. Pay attention to the last car - a diesel generator. All trains go with him, just in case the locomotive suddenly stall or break. Then the car will provide heat and electricity. Plus there lives the locomotive crew. Watch - month time - 12 hours. Then go to sleep in the car, and your colleagues - in the cab of the locomotive.
Once again, looked at the depot to make megapanoramu.
Simply a masterpiece!