Aviation Future - Solar Impulse
• The Future of Aviation - Solar Impulse
Swiss aircraft Solar Impulse (Solar Impulse) - is a European project to create an aircraft using only the sun's energy (solar panels). The first manned aircraft in the world, capable of flying at the expense of solar energy indefinitely, charging the battery during the day and consuming energy at night.
He recently completed his journey across America. He began his journey May 3, 2013 in California, across the entire US territory from west to east is not used thus no drop of fuel and landed July 6, 2013 in New York.
The next trip "Solar Impulse" will take place in 2015.
"Solar Impulse" - the official name of the prototype HB-SIA.
A company plane Solar_Impulse. It has a wingspan that is comparable to Airbus A340 (63 meters), mass - 1600 kg. Speed - 70 km / h. The prototype aircraft intended for the flight round the world and the promotion of alternative energy.
Solar (12,000 silicon solar cells) to produce electricity, which is used to power 4 electric motors and charge the batteries.
"Solar Impulse" was presented to the public June 26, 2009 Swiss aeronaut Bertrand Picard. The first flight made December 3, 2009. The tests were held at the airbase Dübendorf.
His first 26-hour flight of the prototype HB-SIA made 7-8 July 2010. The plane took off at 6:51 am from the airport in Payerne, Switzerland. He returned to the airport the next morning at 9:00 am local time.
The maximum flight altitude was 8,700 m, a record for aircraft on solar batteries. It sets a world record as the duration of manned flight for aircraft Solar - 26 hours.
12,000 silicon solar cells charge the batteries during the day, this energy is enough for flight at night, so the single plane can theoretically stay in the air indefinitely. In addition to the energy stored in the batteries, the aircraft for flight at night uses typed during the day height.
"Solar Impulse" in Mountain View, California, April 19, 2013.
"Solar Impulse" and bridge "Golden Gate" in San Francisco, April 23, 2013.
There is a training aircraft for the first journey across America, April 26, 2013.
The first trip across America
"Solar Impulse" took off from an airfield near San Francisco, May 3, 2013 at 6:00 am Pacific Time.
The aircraft flying from San Francisco to Phoenix, May 3, 2013.
plane landed in Phoenix at 1 am on May 4, 2013. Thus, this flight took about 18 hours, while the same distance by car could be overcome in 12 hours. But that's not the speed.
"Solar Impulse" during a stop in Phoenix.
"We want to demonstrate that we can be in the air as long as you want, using only the energy of the Sun" (pilot Bertrand Piccard). "Solar Impulse" continues to fly in America, May 22, 2013.
Total intermediate stops on the route of eco-liner had five, including the final destination - New York.
Above San Francisco:
In fact, the "Solar Impulse" could cross the United States in general without landing, but it was decided to split the journey into several stages, to allow pilots to rest. The fact is that at the moment the aircraft is not equipped with an autopilot.
In Dallas, before the start of the third stage of the flight over America, July 3, 2013.
The Rise and the direction of the end point of travel over America - New York, July 6, 2013.
Journey "Solar Impulse" over America ended July 6, 2013 in New York. This four-engine aircraft did not use a single drop of fuel and flew only on solar energy.
The arrival of "Solar Impulse" International Airport in New York, July 6, 2013.
It is possible to say that it was a "warm-up" before a big round the world flight on solar energy to be held in 2015.
outer "Solar Impulse" looks like a giant narrow frame, so it's hard to imagine a similar aircraft for the transport of several hundred people.
It was a kind of demonstration of the possibilities of modern technology. It was impossible until recently to build, firstly, a light unit, and secondly, the solar cells were not so perfect to provide power for the motors that can lift into the air manned spacecraft with a man on board.
It is necessary to mention that Bertrand Piccard (Bertrand Piccard) - a man who in 1999 made a nonstop flight on a hot air balloon around the earth. His father, Jacques Piccard, dive in the Mariana Trench in the submersible in 1960, and designed the bathyscaphe - engineer and scientist Auguste Piccard, grandfather of the current and the father of balloonist air-and sea-plavatelya Jacques. Auguste Piccard, among other things, also built the world's first stratospheric balloon, and got it in 1931 in the stratosphere at an altitude of about 15 kilometers. That is, a family dynasty of balloonists and inventors, researchers and "adventurers".
Pilot Bertrand Piccard. MOUNTAIN VIEW, California, May 3, 2013.
To fly without refueling indefinitely can only solar planes. Surely this experience interested in the military. Obviously, the development of this field of aeronautics - in the future. Perhaps this is the future of aviation.