Unique temples of the world
Temples around the world differ astonishing architectural diversity.
The architecture of the temples has a very rich and controversial history, which, however, shows that it began with the construction of temples and distributed all the architectural innovations, new styles and trends around the world. We have survived the majestic places of worship of the great civilizations of the ancient world. And also there were many modern designs amazing architecture of religious buildings.
The Lutheran Church in Reykjavik - the fourth tallest building in Iceland. Church project was designed in 1937 by architect Gudyounom Samuelson. For the construction of the church it took 38 years. The church is in the center of Reykjavik, and is visible from any part of the city. She became one of the main attractions of the city, and is also used as a viewing tower.
or the Church of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist - the current Orthodox church in St. Petersburg, located on the streets of Leningrad Soviet, a monument of architecture in the pseudo-Gothic style. The church was built to commemorate the victory of the Russian fleet over the Turks at Cesme bay of the Aegean Sea in 1770
The Cathedral of Las Lajas
One of Colombia's most visited temples. Construction of the temple was completed in 1948. Neo-Gothic church was built directly on the 30-meter arch bridge connecting the two sides of the ravine. taking care of the temple are two Franciscan community, one - Colombian and the other - Ecuadorian. Thus, the Cathedral of Las Lajas was the key to peace and union between the two South American nations.
The Lotus Temple is located near the city of New Delhi in India. Construction lasted from 1978 to 1986, mostly at the expense of the Baha'i prisoners in Iran. Canadian architect Fariborz Sahba.
Notre Dame du Haut
The concrete pilgrimage church, built in 1950-55 years. in the French city Ronshan. The architect Le Corbusier, not being religious, has agreed to undertake the project on the condition that the Catholic Church will provide complete freedom of creative expression. Initially, non-standard building caused a storm of protests from local residents who refused to serve in the temple of water and electricity, but by now the tourists who come to see him become one of the main sources of income ronshantsev.
or the Church of God the Merciful Father - a community center in Rome. It was built by architect Richard Meier in 1996-2003 with the aim to revive the life of residents of the area. The temple was built of precast concrete on a triangular site on the border of the city park surrounded by a 10-storey residential and public buildings of a population of about 30,000 inhabitants.
St. Basil's Cathedral
The Orthodox Church is located on the Red Square in Moscow. A well-known monument of Russian architecture and one of Russia's most famous attractions. It was built in 1555-1561 years by order of Ivan the Terrible to commemorate the victory over the Kazan Khanate. According to legend, the cathedral architects were blinded by order of Ivan the Terrible, so that they can no longer build such a temple.
The world famous fourth-largest church in the world is located in the heart of Milan and is its symbol. This late gothic marvel that contains a forest of steeples and sculptures, marble pointed turrets and columns. White marble cathedral built more than 5 centuries.
The Hindu Temple of Kailash, entirely carved out of the rock, located in India, Maharashtra. Architectural feats of Indian construction workers involved in the creation of the temple Kailash staggering. Work began in the VIII century and lasted more than 100 years. As a result, the building covers an area twice the size of the Parthenon of Athens in Greece. This is one of the largest churches in the world, rivaling even the Taj Mahal in Agra. It rises more than 30 meters and almost all of its surface is covered with intricate carvings.
Church of the Holy Family
The church in Barcelona, which is based on private donations since 1882, is the famous Antoni Gaudí project. The unusual appearance of the temple made it one of Barcelona's main attractions. However, due to the complexity of making stone structures, the cathedral will be able to finish no earlier than 2026.
Church of Paraportiani
The dazzling white church is located on the Greek island of Mykonos. The temple was built in the 15-17 centuries and consists of five separate churches, four churches were built on the ground, and the fifth is based on these four.
borgund stave church
One of the oldest surviving frame church is located in Norway. Metal parts in the construction of Borgund stave not used. A number of parts that make up the Church, exceed 2000. Solid frame struts about on the ground and then raised into a vertical position with the help of long poles. Borgund stave church was built probably in the 1150-80 biennium.
The Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Cathedral of the Catholic Archdiocese of Brasilia was built in the style of modernism designed by renowned architect Oscar Niemeyer. In 1988, Oscar Niemeyer received the Pritzker Prize for the Council project. The building consists of 16 hyperboloid towers symbolizing the hands uplifted to heaven. The space between the columns closed by stained-glass windows.
The Lutheran church, located in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is one of the most famous churches in the city and a rare example of a religious building, built in the style of expressionism. Competition project for the future of the church won in 1913, the architect Peder Clint. Construction lasted from 1921 to 1926.
Cathedral - Glorious minor basilica of Our Lady of
This is the highest in Latin America Catholic Cathedral. Its height is 114 m + 10 m cross on top. Cathedral form was created under the influence of the Soviet satellites. The primary project of the cathedral offered Don Jaime Luis Coelho, but the cathedral was designed by the architect José Augusto Bellucci. Cathedral being constructed in the period from July 1959 to May 1972.
It is located in the Spanish city of Cordoba. Quite a young church was designed by the architectural firm Vicens + Ramos last year, according to the rules of strict minimalist canons. The only departure from the strictly white color is a golden wall in place of the altar.
Church of St. George
Cave church, entirely carved into the rock, located in the Ethiopian town of Lalibela. The building is a cross of 25 by 25 meters and the same amount goes underground. This miracle was created in the 13th century on the orders of the king Lalibela according to legend, in 24 years. A total of 11 churches of Lalibela entirely hewn in the rock and connected tunnels.
The Church of St. Joseph,
The Ukrainian Greek-Catholic St. Joseph's church in Chicago was built in 1956. It is known in the world thanks to the 13 golden domes, symbolizing the 12 apostles and Jesus Christ.
The Cathedral of Our Lady of tears
Cathedral in the form of concrete tent dominates the Italian city of Syracuse. In the middle of the last century on the site of the cathedral lived an elderly couple who had a statue of the Madonna. Once the statue has become a "cry" human tears, rushed to the city of pilgrims from around the world. In her honor it was built a huge cathedral, perfectly visible from anywhere in the city.
Salt Cathedral Zipaquirá
Cathedral Zipaquirá Colombia carved in solid rock salt. To the altar is a dark tunnel. The height of the cathedral - 23 m, capacity - more than 10 thousand people.. Historically, this place was mine, used by the Indians for salt. When the need for this has disappeared, the site of the mine there was a temple.
Cadet Chapel US Air Force Academy
It is located in the state of Colorado to the military camp and training base of the branch Academy US Air Force pilots. The monumental building of the chapel profile create seventeen rows of steel frames, ending peaks at an altitude of about fifty meters. The building is divided into three levels, and in its halls are the service of the Catholic, Protestant and Jewish faiths.
St. Michael Cathedral
One of the oldest monasteries in Kiev. It includes newly built St. Michael's Cathedral, the refectory with the Church of St. John the Evangelist and the bell tower. It is assumed that Michael's Cathedral was the first temple with a gilded top, where Russia went on this kind of a tradition.
Wooden chapel is located in Eureka Springs, Arkansas, USA. The chapel was built in 1980 by architect E. Fay Jones. The building is light and airy chapel, a total of 425 windows.
The Arctic Cathedral
The Lutheran church in the Norwegian city of Tromso. As planned by the architect apparently building consisting of two merging triangular structures covered with aluminum plates, should cause association with an iceberg.
Painted Church in Arbor
The painted churches - the most famous architectural landmarks of Moldova. Church decorated with frescoes and the outside and inside. Each of these temples has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Mosque in Tirana
The draft Cultural Center in Tirana, capital of Albania, which will include a mosque, the Islamic Cultural Center and the Museum of religious harmony. The international competition for the project won in the last year the Danish architectural bureau BIG.
Church of the Transfiguration on Kizhi Island
Church of the Transfiguration on Kizhi Island in Karelia - a nanotechnology wooden architecture, the apogee of the art of carpentry. The church was founded in 1714 and is part of the architectural ensemble of the Kizhi churchyard, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The basis of the composition is an eight-sided log building construction - "octagon" - four two-stage prirub located on the sides of the world. On the lower octagon consistently put two more octagonal log smaller. Log cabin church in the traditions of Russian rubles carpentry - without nails. Nails are only in the domes.
Sheikh Zayed Mosque
A white marble Sheikh Zayed Mosque, one of the six largest mosques in the world, located in Abu Dhabi. It was opened in 2007, and since March 2008 tour of the mosque are available to everyone, not just Muslims. The mosques spread out the world's largest carpet and installed the biggest chandelier.
A concrete chapel on the edge of the field near the German city of Mechernich was built by local farmers in honor of the patron saint of Bruder Klaus.
The Roman Catholic Gothic cathedral in Cologne (Germany) took third place in the list of the highest churches in the world and is one of the World Heritage Site. The construction of the main temple of the Cologne Archdiocese conducted over two stages - in 1248-1437 years. and in 1842-1880 gg. On completion of the 157-meter-high cathedral for 4 years it became the tallest building in the world.
Dutch philosopher Frank Los (Frank Los) came up with an inflatable church Transparent Church, which can be erected in any part of the world and under all conditions: at festivals, private parties and other public events. Inflatable church fits easily into a car trunk and disassembled accommodates about 30 parishioners.