Ford Mustang - a living legend of technical progress
Legendary car Ford Mustang and the history of its evolution.
The most striking legend of the New World was "born" in 1964, and almost immediately won the lion's share of the sports car market. His appearance "Mustang" is obliged to 39-year-old general manager of Lee Yakoke and double "Ford Thunderbird" in 1954, which at one time fully responsible American notions of a sports car. The birth of this development took place against the backdrop of the failure of concern Ford. The company had huge losses due to the failure of the Edsel models, thus understood that any forward-looking study of the market - it is, if not rotten, it unprofitable for sure.
But to improve the situation in any way needed. So the team was assembled shortly of designers, engineers, economists and marketing specialists, which had to solve the problem and to build a "rescue" the car. So, the history of Ford Mustang began in the 60s ...
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Initially developed social address of the machine and its image. According to available information, the buyer would like to see further development of Thunderbird ideas, but in a more democratic sector. For a reference point took a sports modification "Monya" economical "Chevrolet Corvair". The composition of the main body volume decided to borrow from Lincoln Mark II, which had a highly dynamic silhouette thanks to a very long hood and trunk shortened. Aggressive note in the car design created narrow, resembling a knife blade, bumpers, predatory nose of the car "Maserati", as well as deep-set grille in a niche with a figure running "mustang". Speaking of the title - as it turned out, in the course of development of the car wore a completely different name - "Cougar" (Panther) and had a proper hood ornament: muscular cat in profile. And the name "Mustang" was preferred just before starting the machine in the series. That's it. And then came the long-awaited same day, March 9, 1964, when a detroitskogo rolled off the first "Ford Mustang". The model is a high-speed, the size of markedly less than other sports cars, houses the four people and, most importantly, had a modification with a folding top.
As the power plant "Mustang" V-shaped was equipped with two 8-liter six.
"Mustang" popularity was so high that the queues for the car. It seems that a large proportion of the success was to successfully found a solution to the external appearance of the new items. Such a conclusion can be made by seeing how other manufacturers are literally copied the exterior of "Mustang". It is based on "Wild horses" formed silhouettes such machines as Mercury Cougan, Chevrolet Comaro etc. Also, due to "the Mustang" in car style was returned to fashion dynamic silhouettes of 30th -. 40s, which gradually spread to the sector expensive and prestigious cars such as Lincoln and Cadillac.
"Ordinary" to customers in April 1965 proposed a "GT" package, which included: tuned suspension, sharper steering, disc brakes on all wheels, dual exhaust system and a special coloring of a body. By 1966, the individualization Mustangs reached new heights - according to the brochures, the interior of the car in style and color scheme could be issued in one of the 34 variants.
Following came racing modification, developed in conjunction with the famous firm of Carroll Shelby, which has been created by the efforts of specialists legendary Cobra. In the performance of Shelby GT-350 pastors motor gave 306 liters. s, and in a special racing Shelby GT-350R -. 360 liters. from. Only in 1966 model year GT-350 was established as a mechanical supercharger brand Paxton, which allowed to achieve a certain engine speed to increase power up to 420-430 liters. from.
Over time, the increased need to update those or other details. These solutions have touched will be more powerful model 1966 "Karrol Shelby GT 500". Single horizontal bar in the grille was gone, to decorative air intakes at the rear wheels have been added to the air dividers, covers and decorations have been shuffled. At the same time it has been standardized 6-cylinder engine. V8 engine series continued to exist in the future. Of course, if someone did not suit the capacity of 271 liters. s., it could order Cobra equipment dealers the Ford, increased engine power to 350 hp. from.
Karrol Shelby GT 500
For the 1967 model year Mustang adds to the dimensions of a few centimeters, which resulted in a change in body panels.
Gamma powertrain consisted of eight from "six" volume of 3.3 liters and 115 liters. from. until the new V8 in volume of 7.0 liters, develops 355 liters. from. Installing the last became possible only due to the lengthening of the engine compartment and only Mustang - Shelby GT-500.
Of great interest is another option - the FMX hydromechanical transmission, gear changes which can be carried out both automatically and manually.
In the same 1967 Karrol Shelby transferred all rights to the production Mustang Shelby with the prefix Corporation Ford Motor, refused to participate in the preparation of subsequent versions of the sports car.
B1968, there were two new eight-cylinder engine. Now the potential buyer could select from ten powertrains volumes 3.3, 4.7, 5.0, 6.4 and 7.0 liters, the following embodiments power: 115, 120, 195, 230, 250, 271, 320, 325, 335 and 390 horsepower.
In 1968 out modification Shelby GT-500KR seven-liter engine with Ram Air 428Cobra Jet with special air intake system, at which the official capacity of 325 liters. from. 410 l is easily developed. from.
In 1969, the Mustang was waiting and repeated this time for capital improvements. At the same wheelbase length of the car increased by 10 cm, and weight - 60 kg; in the lineup, new version - cheap E, dear Grande and Mach 1C 335-horsepower engine.
Great interest was the appearance of Boss series. Mustang Boss 302 with 290-horsepower engine designed to combat the Chevrolet Camaro Z28 in racing series Trans Am, held on oval tracks.
Mustang Boss 302
Mustang Boss 429, was created to participate in the NASCAR series. Car pastors was equipped with eight-cylinder engine capacity of 375 liters. s., developing torque 611 Nm at 3400 rev / min, and many details made of light alloys. Installing a large powerful motor caused audit front suspension, as a result of which the shock absorber mounting changed places and double wishbones were lowered by 25 mm. Boss 429 also received a four-sport transmission, oil cooler and the best interior. Externally, the car logically different hood with huge air intakes, spoilers and extended wheel arches. In conclusion, we add that in terms of reliability control on winding roads Mustang Boss 429 had no equal.
Mustang Boss 429
In 1974, there is a completely new model, begins the era of the second-generation Mustang. Car logically decreased in size but kept in its range of all three bodies. Followed in the same year, there are varieties of Mach I and Cobra models of the second generation.
Mustang Mach I
1978 in Geneva debuted Mustang III. The car is characterized by angular forms and significantly reduced to the size of the European car body.
B 1982 - there are coupe and targa. In 1983 - I saw the light of the open model Konvertible. Ford starts production of high-speed Mustang modifications. SVO model was presented in 1984. A year later appeared modification Cobra and Mach. Car pastors was completely rebuilt from scratch.
In 1985, he debuted Mustang GT Cabrio. In 1986 I saw the light LX car with a designation with a sharp-featured body. In 1992, Detroit was shown Mach III prototype.
Mustang GT Cabrio
From 1993 to the present day produced Mustang IV, stylized car in 1964.
In 1997, the fourth generation has undergone some changes. Updated exterior body parts, he received a new rear three-band vertical lighting equipment (previously it was horizontal). In 1998 she made her debut 320-strong modification of SVT. However, as it turned out, the SVT engine does not develop the installed capacity, and the summer of 1999 the production of this modification should be curtailed. In 2000, the fourth generation Mustang has gained a formidable appearance, new headlights and bumpers, differently shaped bonnet, larger air intakes ahead of the rear wheels and sharply protruding wheel arches. Traditional emblem - rapid steed - was put in chrome bezel, both first-generation Mustang. Changes were made and the engine. Upgraded 4, 6-liter V8 now develops 260 hp. from. and accelerated to 240 km / h.
In November 2003, in Las Vegas, Ford Corporation has introduced a new version of the famous Mustang, whose debut is timed to the 10th anniversary of the release in the light of one of the first cars with an index of SVT. The current Mustang SVT Cobra produced in two versions: a coupe or convertible. In total there will be produced in 2003 copies - in strict accordance with the year of issue of the anniversary series. Under the hood - forced due to volumetric supercharger to 390 liters. from. 32-valve engine family V8 4.6 Triton, and an independent rear suspension. It is possible to order a version with a manual 5-speed transmission. As a series of commemorative Mustang SVT Cobra can be distinguished by some hidden from the untrained view details. For example, painted in golden color unique 17-inch wheels with double-spoke design, the rear panel and body thresholds with the inscription "10th anniversary" ( "10th Anniversary") and an image which has stood in the attacking cobra pose. It provided for the car and the special colors: Torch Red ( "Red Torch"), Black Clearcoat (something like "Classic Black") and Silver Metallic ( "Silver Metallic"). Seat cushions anniversary Ford Mustang upholstered in red leather, and some interior panels fashionable now carbon fiber inserts.
Mustang SVT Cobra
On the 40th anniversary of the Mustang Ford korparatsii timed debut model Mustang GT-R. Under the hood of the novelty lies a 5-liter aluminum V8 engine with two camshafts. Its capacity is 440 liters. from. at 7,000 rev / min and the maximum torque is 542 Nm. On request, the engine power can be brought up to 500 liters. from. The engine is paired with a manual 6-speed gearbox, which drives the rear wheels. For 20-inch wheels tucked powerful brakes with 370-millimeter discs front and 335-millimeter - behind. Tire sizes: 275/35 front and 315/30 - behind. Exterior Ford Mustang GT-R differs extended wings carboxylic hood with air intake, the rear diffuser and vpechetlyayut wing. Exhausts displayed on the rear fenders, front wheels.
was presented a completely new generation of the legendary American sports car 2005 Ford Mustang at the auto show in Detroit. The updated car is built on the modernized platform, it has received new engines and features a new, more aggressive design of a body. Novelty was the original design of the front end with a classic round headlamps. Completely renewed and the interior, and now Ford Mustang looks sporty modern and stylish. Under the hood of 2005 Ford Mustang can be located one of two new gasoline engines. This may be either four-liter V6 capacity of 200 liters. sec., or the new 4, 6-liter V8 rated at 300 hp. from. In this 2005 Ford Mustang retained the classic rear-wheel drive that can give driving pleasure true lovers of powerful rear-wheel drive car in combination with a new, fully redesigned chassis.