How do the jets business class
business jets - a separate world of luxury aircraft designed to fly a limited group of passengers on the routes without any official schedule.
Dassault Falcon 7X - is the business-jet aircraft manufactured by the French company aviakosmicheskay Dassault Aviation (Dassault Aviation). Production departments and design bureaus Dassault scattered throughout France.
Design a planes outside Paris in Saint-Claud, cabins Falcone and Rafa are collected here, the wings do in Martinyase 10 kilometers from Bordeaux, stuffing them driven almost from Switzerland and plant final assembly is almost at the Bordeaux airport on the opposite side from the passenger terminal - Mérignac. There are also fine-tuning shop in the US for US customers.
In general, we will focus on the production of Falcon 7X - a modified version of the 900 series Falcon, which comes from 2007. A sign at the entrance to the engineering building in Saint-Cluod, Paris:
The most amazing thing in the design is that it entirely is not on paper, but in the 3D-model, which is made with the highest precision, down to the last rivet. That is, the plane did not have prototypes, and the first "hard" test copies. Designed, built and flew immediately!
Certification Experts present at all stages of design and certify the aircraft in stages, using a 3D-model. All tests were conducted normally.
Photo: travels through the virtual cabin Falcon, which is in flight. It raises the shelf, opens the door, and even comes out.
On the Falcon 900 placed third engine, extended cab, modified wing and received 7X. The development occupies the same engineers that design and military trainer aircraft, and they are all calculated so that at the minimum weight of the aircraft get maximum performance.
We show the assembly process started with the cab. When securing the first of its parts, it looks like a bristling hedgehog. These holes and seams reams under the working dimensions, then processed antikorroziykoy and where you are attached by rivets and bolts:
In the company Dassault employs about 11,000 people, which is very closely communicate, almost everyone knows each other. Here, the practice of family continuity profession. 2007 was a record year for sales, but did not expand production, and therefore the crisis of 2008 experienced a relative without frame loss.
Worldwide operates Dassault Falcon 1925 aircraft. They are flying in 80 countries, of which 65% - the US, 26% - Europe and by 1-3% - the rest of the country.
The presidential squadron Russia has two Falcon 7X tail number RA-09009 and RA-09007:
The final stage of the cab assembly. Shortly afterwards, she was sent to the city of Bordeaux in the southwest of France in the final assembly shop. We, too, leapt to:
First, in the town Martinyas, which is the assembly of the wing. Photo is not mine, peresnyata with hanging in the corridor:
Moving to the "winged" shop. Each line of rivets is performed by specially trained robot riveters companies ABB and Dassault:
Next to the drill bit attached video camera through which you can monitor the quality of the holes. Holes are drilled under the working dimensions and the robot immediately calculates at what subsequent assembly site as rivets or bolts need employee assembly line for further work:
There are two orange robot clock laid on thousands of cases a cog, Shpuntik and rivets, which are automatically allocated to each assembly line by a certain employee. The guy on the right lays out, and the guy on the left picks up and puts the box on the line. And so without a lunch break and smoke breaks for 10 years.
Then fasten wing "hedgehogs" on the stocks manually. First of all - the basic units, then all the others:
When the wing is fully assembled, it leave holes of 2 mm, through which the gaps are filled with sealant, which also imparts strength. Sealant goes through the next hole, and so gradually filled all the voids. In a hole in the end of the process is threaded screw. Done!
All the collected wings then washed under pressure to left or micron-mote-mote or God forbid chips. After checking for leaks, flooding it liquid composition similar to that of aviation kerosene, but not flammable. Pour pressurized look if there were any leaks, and if everything is perfect seal. Wing then sent to Merminyak to dock with the fuselage.
The inner filling wing (wires and so on. P.) Produced at the plant away from Switzerland. It's like a hint of accuracy.
Ready chrome plot carefully wrapped a special protective film:
move into the final assembly shop ten kilometers from Martinyasa - Merignac. Shops are located in close proximity to the airport and the Bordeaux brand new aircraft for the first time take off from here:
On the territory grow pine trees - the smell of stunning!
Well, you know, for me, made an exception:
All of the fuselage and wings are ready for the final docking:
The aircraft stands in the shop an average of six days, periodically moving around the perimeter from one section to another refinement counterclockwise:
In general, the new aircraft and a half years under construction. Approximately the same amount of time passes from the time of order by the customer until the Falcon in flight use it.
The cost of Falcon 7X - from $ 42 million:
Eleven kilometers of wires and the inner liner is not yet look like the interior of a business class:
The interior design is usually drawn in the order phase. We were shown the only one ready within, but not allowed to take pictures, because it was already known under the plane of the customer. But among the rich inner interior rushed into the eyes inscription in Russian:
T-shaped configuration of the display arrangement is designed and developed test drivers the company Dassault. On two central - general information about the flight, on the side - a momentary situation:
Total colored planes also could not take pictures - offended customers.
What I missed on deaf ears, so that's where they were painted.
The most recent workshop, where the aircraft is already rolling out, is the installation of avionics and engines. Here winged engine:
At the moment, produced in 2209 Falcon, including Falcon 7X - 155.
Attention! Roll-out! When we rolled out a new plane, tinkered for an hour on the street and rolled:
Specifications: cabin length - 11, 9 meters, the maximum interior width - 2, 34 m, the width at ground level - 1, 91 m, height - 1, 87 m, wingspan is 26 - 21 m, length - 23, 19 m, range - 11000 km, cruising speed - 900 km / h, the maximum altitude - 14,000 meters!
Ready plane at Le Bourget airport: