The artificial islands in Dubai
Dubai - a wonderful place in the desert, where the achievements of scientific and technological advances of the XXI century intertwined with ancient culture. One of the most ambitious projects in the emirate become artificial islands.
Palm Islands - an archipelago of artificial islands created by the hand of man on Earth. Between the islands arranged as artificial archipelago "World" and the "universe" of small islands. All this creation can be seen from the moon to the naked eye.
We begin c palm islands. They are located in the United Arab Emirates, in Dubai. The structure of the archipelago includes three major islands, each having the shape of a palm tree.
The Palm Jumeirah
Palm Jumeirah is the smallest and most original of the three islands. This is the first palm island and a great achievement in the history of world architecture. Construction of the island began in June 2001, in 2006 he was commissioned to build on.
It consists of a trunk, the leaves 16, and a surrounding crescent island that forms an 11-kilometer-long breakwater. Diameter - 6 km. "Crescent" - a barrier that surrounds and protects the "Palm" from sea waves. It will be located hotels.
For example, here is the Hotel Atlantis - one of the most interesting, popular and controversial Emirates hotels.
Work in progress:
Almost like a mirage:
Night view of the hotel Atlantis:
"Crown" Palma consists of 17 "branches" -mikrorayonov, rushing into the sea. On the branches are exclusive villas that differ in size and design:
Residential areas include about 8000 two-storey mansions. 2007:
"Barrel" (The Trunk) - a central part of Palma where there are parks, shopping centers, restaurants and multi-storey residential buildings. Construction of the center - the "trunk":
The size of the island 5 kilometers by 5 kilometers and its total area is more than 800 football fields. The island is connected to the mainland by a 300-meter bridge and the crescent is connected to the tip of the palm trees underwater tunnel. The cost of the Palm Jumeirah is estimated at approximately 14 billion dollars.
Palm Jebel Ali
Construction started in October 2002:
It was supposed to look at the island project:
Bulk artificial island was put under construction at the end of 2007. He has a 50% larger Jumeirah. The coastal line is planned to build more than 1000 bungalow resting on piles Polynesian style:
But not everything is so rosy: Currently, due to the low demand for real estate, most of the construction work on the Palm Jebel Ali are temporarily suspended.
It is the largest man-made island of the three. Its construction began in November 2004.
Some figures. Deira is 8 times more Palm Jumeirah, and 5 times more than the Palm Jebel Ali. Distance from the coast to the top of "crescent" - 14 km, the width of Palms - 8.5 km. Palm branches will have different lengths and are at a distance of 400-850 meters from each other. Crescent with a total length of 21 km is the largest breakwater in the world.
It is interesting to observe in the process of construction of an artificial island:
Palm Deira will be sprinkled on to a depth of 5 to 22 meters.
In the creation of the "trunk", 41 branches, and leaves a protective crescent billion cubic meters of rock and sand. branches length varies, the distance between them ranges from 840 to 3340 meters.
When completed, the Palm Deira will be the largest in human history, man-made island, which will serve as a habitat for 1 million. Man. work completely to be completed by 2015, although this date is not final. Several photos will look like Palm Deira:
Let's look at a map of all man-made islands in Dubai:
As can be seen on the map, situated between the palm trees and artificial archipelagos "world" and "universe" of the smaller islands.
It is an artificial archipelago consisting of several islands, the overall shape resembles Earth's continents (hence the name - "The World"). It is 4 kilometers from the coast of Dubai line.
The artificial islands in the archipelago of the world was created, mainly of sand shallow coastal waters of Dubai. Find a place for this project was difficult, because the shoreline was already occupied by the Palm Islands. Then it was decided to build the island, 4 km from the coast.
The construction of artificial islands. Sand scooped from the bottom of the Persian Gulf and was sprayed on a building site, to create the island:
The total area of the archipelago world is equal to 55 square meters. km. Making it the largest artificial archipelago in the world. The dimensions of the islands - from 14 thousand to 83 thousand square meters. m, the width of the passages between them is 50 to 100 m with a depth of up to 16 meters.
"The World" is connected to the mainland only water and air traffic. From big waves of the island protects the artificial breakwater built:
In April 2004, out of the water showing the first island, called "Dubai". Unlike the Palm Islands, an archipelago world is not connected to the mainland and there are no bridges. All the building material was transported by sea.
By May 2005 in the Gulf dropped 15 million tons of stone.
In the future, the archipelago is planned to increase the creation of new islands project "Universe" (see. The map above).
Do artificial islands Will wash? World archipelago, despite the fact that is completely surrounded by water, is designed very reliable - artificial islands could disappear under water not earlier than 900-4000 years, according to Arabian Business.
On the islands of the archipelago are located world's most luxurious houses of the world. Buy an island in the not everyone can: real estate developer Nakheel itself sends invitations (50 per year), the wealthy elite.
One of the island price reaches $ 38 million, and varies depending on the location, size, and proximity to other islands.
Access to all 300 islands will be by sea or by air, by regular ferries, as well as private yachts and boats.
Russian moneybags already bought all the "Russia" - one of the largest archipelago in the world. The representative of the developer Hamza Mustafayev says that a Russian developer immediately bought two "Russian" of the island - "growth" and "Ekaterinburg". Island "Siberia" has bought an unnamed Russian woman who is going to sell it in parts.
According to the plans of the creators, the archipelago world will become an elite community, which will be composed of the elected people on Earth, staff and visitors, total number of which will not exceed 200 000 people.