Excursion to the geothermal power plant
• excursion to a geothermal power station
Geothermal power. The very first in the USSR. Almost at the very, very south of the Kamchatka Peninsula.
The geothermal power (geothermal power plant) - power stations producing electrical energy from thermal energy of underground sources of natural heat of the planet. By heat wells served either in vapor form or in the form of hot water.
In volcanic regions, Kojima is without doubt Kamchatka, ground water heated above the boiling temperature at relatively shallow depths. By fractures in the earth's crust water (steam) is lifted to the surface manifesting itself in the form of a geyser or simply as "steaming" land.
"Work" field geothermal plant - a network of wells. Some of them work, others - experimental, and others - are clogged and so on. From several of these hot steam is piped to a steam turbine installed in the engine room of the station. The turbine turns a generator. Generated electricity. Electricity and hot water (condensate formed in the process) is supplied to consumers. Everyone is happy.
For the avoidance of doubt, the direction of movement of the pair indicated by special markers.
Hot steam is not very useful for pipelines due to various salts, acids and other hydrogen sulfide. Part of the condensate is separated immediately, forming a surprising "acid" stream.
excite homegrown Internet environmentalists just in case report - 50 m downstream of the creek to bathe him people. This is not a waste. It's natural. This is useful. Unless you are a steel pipe, of course.
And it's all the same creek.
Apart from emitting a buzzing steam pipes, it is possible to see how beautiful around.
Universal phantasmagoric picture is complemented by the appearance of some of the equipment. Mountains, volcanoes, the steam from the earth, jungle, heat, regular oziranie around in search of bears, plus a similar piece of iron - yes it is just another planet.
A small field with a steaming gurgling failures. Not the famous Valley of Geysers, but still interesting. It seems that it is called "fumaroles".
If you fall - will not find it. Minimum - scalded.
The clay here also seems to be something useful. When we arrived, a group of cheerful people recklessly digged themselves a bit sticky hot bowels of the earth. In the evening another 2 car tourists have been there too - a camera down, shovels, etc...
One of the sealed wells.
Just another planet. Kin-Dza-Dza jungle.
And it already can see the building of the power plant itself.
The closer to the geothermal power plant - the more land is "packed" old iron and equipment. In addition to pipes and valves, start dating motors, pumps, parts of vehicles and tracked vehicles. The natives-timers talk about the thousands of bulldozers, drowned in the mud during the Soviet era in the development of the deposit. Scrap it does not take out - the sea is expensive, and there are no roads.
The building of a geothermal power plant. Terrible unsightly. Exceptional functionality. No glamorous aesthetics.
Talking about bears. Despite assurances and intimidation, I have them never saw (sadness). The only consolation - that the marks on the pipeline near the station. But the locals are very decent rage of brazen beast.
The fact that the station is in the middle of the reserve. Kill the bear - matter for the courts. Bears also currently has bred a lot, they quietly walk through the village station at night. Sometimes they come in the afternoon.
Blunt safety rule - at night without an urgent need on the street do not come out. During the day - look around, listen, if possible to move 2 persons. Working to deter issued falshfeery. Something like that.
Well himself computer room inside the station. All pretty much the same as on hydro power plants. But the noise from the unit in the order of magnitude smaller. That's all the difference. And so - the same pipes, fittings, valves, cables, sensors, electronics, etc...
Here is an interesting production on the very edge of our immense.