Boycott

• Boycott

Boycott

In 1955, the patience of blacks in Montgomery (Alabama, USA) snapped. White finally ueli black fences in public transport.

Boycott

As the then law, blacks were not to occupy the first four rows of buses "whites only." If all the seats "whites only" been busy, sitting blacks had to give way to white passengers to their seats. And negros staged a boycott of the buses.

By the black population were joined by sympathetic whites. Buses were empty. Under pressure from the public authorities surrendered and offensive to "color" (after all, oppressed not only blacks but also mestizos, Indians and so on. D.) The laws were repealed.

An important detail: the boycott lasted for 381 days. Here one can learn from the struggle for their rights.

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The inscription: "for color customers only"

Among the bus drivers were not blacks, whites and even some drivers were polite, too many of them allowed themselves to insults and curses against the Negro. Quite naturally be heard on the bus, as they cried out blacks "black cow", "nigger", "black monkey."

Often negros fare at the entrance and then were forced to go to again get on the bus from the rear platform, and very often the bus went before the Negro came to the back door, carrying his fare ...

Negro was forced to stand, although the bus was empty seats "whites only." Even if the bus passengers were not white, and blacks jammed a lot, they were not allowed to sit on the first four places. But that was not all. If all the seats are designed for whites, they were already occupied, and the bus entered the new white passengers, negros, sitting on the non-reserved areas located behind the seats intended for whites, they had to get up and give them a place. If the Negro refused to do so, he was arrested. In most cases, negros obeyed this rule without opposition, although, from time to time there were those who refused to submit to this humiliation.

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Colored sit back.

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plate: WHITE (WHITE)

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White - front, color - behind. And no smoking!

1 December 1955 42-year-old black seamstress from Alabama, Rosa Parks refused to give way to a white passenger in Montgomery, man. She was arrested and sentenced to a fine. At the same time in the same year in Montgomery buses were arrested five women and two children, excluding black men, one black man was shot and killed the driver.

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All, as one walked.

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almost empty bus.

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Absolutely empty.

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Many were transferred to the bikes.

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Many people have switched to hitchhiking.

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Motorists began to bring up the participants of the boycott.

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A caricature of those years: "I am with you on the way"

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Ku Klux Klan was not idle, and said terror: in response to the abolition of the racist laws of the new mixed buses were shelled, burned.

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Poster of the Ku Klux Klan, "Death to all supporters of racial mixing. Leave the white schools and white. " Further selection of pictures of segregation (separation racially).

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Caption: "The waiting room for color"

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The inscription: "The waiting room for whites"

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The inscription: "The waiting room for whites"

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"Classics of the genre": twin fountains with water

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White Girl "defiant" sitting with a black spot on for color.

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Two entrances for white and colored.

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films for color.

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films for color.

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Login to the cinema for color.

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Toilet "only for white women."

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Laundry, serving only to whites.

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The restaurant, serving only the whites.

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And this eatery serves and white and color. Democratic.

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A billiard for color.

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are looking for only whites to work.

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Indians did not sell beer!

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Long before the boycott. Politkarikatura 19th century. "Platform for Democrats - white, Republican platform - for Negroes."