How to extract venom

Specialty zmeelova not get in any high school. People learn themselves, taking over the experience of others and getting your practice.

Zmeelovu be finely understand the psychology of snakes, know all their habits, natural features, habitats. With one of these experts managed to walk on the steppes of southern Kazakhstan.

How to extract venom How to extract venom

Catch creeping reptiles, it was decided in Shardara district of South Kazakhstan region. There, on the border with Uzbekistan, you can still see the representatives of the suborder of reptiles, who are so interested in our zmeelovu. It is on the southwest side of Chardara reservoir, about 15 km from the small village of Bazar-Ak-Tyube, we started searching for poisonous snakes as a material for the production of biologically active substances

How to extract venom

Meet Alexander - serpentolog and snake catcher with 15 years of experience. He is interested in the Central Asian cobra and viper. Officially these two samples family of poisonous snakes not entered in the register reptilian fauna Kazakhstan. However, this list has long lost its relevance because of the statute of limitations, he was drafted in the 70-ies of the last century. And now, we can not say that these snakes have not found

How to extract venom

Gyurza dwells in dry foothills and slopes overgrown with bushes, in rocky gorges with springs, in river valleys and cliffs on the banks of canals

How to extract venom

Sometimes viper gather the whole group. Often there were cases when under one small stone found 10 snakes at once

How to extract venom

Here she viper - the largest representative of the family of viper in our fauna. It can be up to about 2 meters in length and weigh up to 3 kg. The adult feeds on small animals like field mice, lizards, rarely, sometimes can not scruple other small snakes

How to extract venom

Finding a snake, Alexander cautious approach and slowly removes her head to the side

How to extract venom

Not making any sudden movements, snake catcher presses viper head of a special tool, the so-called "hook", and gently takes her just below the head

How to extract venom

Since this is one of the most dangerous snakes for pets and humans, Alexander has to be extremely careful. In an emergency, it is able to make shots at the enemy

How to extract venom

After the snake was firmly fixed in his hand snake catcher puts his trophy in a conventional linen bag

How to extract venom

Planting in a sack requires some skill and action sequences. Snake keep one hand behind his head, and the second open bag. It lowered its tail down. When the snake's head aligned with the edge of the bag, the animal quickly thrown to the bottom

How to extract venom

We can only tighten the neck. By the way, put in a small bag of snakes is sometimes more difficult than large

How to extract venom

After a couple of hours of wandering, we smiled a great success: we ran into the queen of snakes - cobra. Or rather - the Central Asian cobra. This rather large snake whose length is 1 on average, 6 - 1, 8 meters. Of the 10 species of cobra Central Asian cobra - the only one that can be found in the CIS

How to extract venom

The typical posture menacing cobra - an innate element, which is transmitted at the genetic level. Even newly hatched snakes vertically lift the front part of the body and extending neck at the slightest danger. If such a threatening pose is not sufficient, the cobra can cause false bite - it strikes the head of the enemy, thus, without opening the mouth, protecting thus the teeth from damage

How to extract venom

Because of this behavior in the wild is extremely rare to undergo a bite from a cobra. Generally most poisonous snakes before you attack the enemy in the face of a human or animal, is not included in her diet will be any typical for this type of ways to prevent the enemy. Whether it's just a loud hiss, Kobrin rack with hood or twitching tail that has a horn on the beanbag.

How to extract venom

Habitat she is similar to the viper, found in the mountains at altitudes up to 1,500 meters above sea level. It prefers hilly terrain with lots of hiding places. The main diet of Cobra comprise amphibians, reptiles, rodents and small birds

How to extract venom

The very manner in the Central Asian cobra bite quite peculiar. If viper causes instant stab of his long teeth and the next moment his head thrown back, the cobra, whose teeth are at times in short, does not expect mostly on lightning shot. Usually it seizes its prey, and not only does not lean back once, but several times with a force compresses the jaw and a kind of "touches" them to have probably sink teeth and inject the required amount of venom

How to extract venom

The venom of this snake is extremely strong - in addition to paralysis of nerves, he also destroys the blood. It has neurotoxic effects, causing convulsions, respiratory paralysis. However, deaths are recorded infrequently, because of preventive actions of the Central Asian cobra

How to extract venom

Before working pereobulsya Alexander, he was replaced by lightweight running shoes to military boots with high bertsami. Safety first

How to extract venom

Zmeelovov is becoming less and less, because a person working with venomous snakes, every day exposed to mortal danger

How to extract venom

It is in these places snakes are hiding from the unbearable heat when the sun is at its zenith

How to extract venom

Manipulating a hook, an experienced hunter can catch almost any snake. Hook he presses the head of the snake for fixation and subsequent capture by hand, and can pick up a snake lying on the ground and place it on a suitable surface

How to extract venom

Those caught snakes in bags deliver the car. Here Alexander transplant them from the bags into special transport containers and crates have the luck in the Serpentarium. The day he was able to catch two viper and a cobra

How to extract venom

Before you put the snake in a designated place for it, it should be more accurately lay out of the bag again and manage to gently catch. From the first time, as a rule, can not squeeze the cobra's head to the floor. Snake and then tries to bite. Alexander skillfully evaded her attacks, one hand holding a dodgy body, and the other fixing her head

How to extract venom

In serpentarium snakes placed in reserved for them terrariums

How to extract venom

Tools to help you when working with snakes (from left to right):

- hook

- "hvatalka" - the playful name of Alexander. Intended for removal of reptiles from trees or shrubs

- Forceps - a surgical instrument for grasping and supply of sterile instruments and dressings. It is used when fishing for small snakes. Vipers, for example, simply grabbed by the neck and was transferred to a bag. As an auxiliary forceps instrument used in fishing f-holes, or medium-sized viper copperhead. In these cases, the animals are pressed to the ground leg and forceps clamped his head, making it impossible to bite - fixation strap, which is used in vitro

How to extract venom

The hook is also used in the laboratory. It is convenient to carry snakes on a short distance. For example, the capture of biologically-active substances

How to extract venom

After the capture occurs the so-called "milking" when the snake venom is taken and then released back into the wild

How to extract venom

a poisonous snake can be easily distinguished wider than the trunk on the head

How to extract venom

Powerful and muscular largest specimen body is not so easy to hold in your hand. Gurza, trying to free her head, makes sharp and strong spurts. Sometimes it is possible to even bite catcher. On personal experience convinced Sasha resourcefulness of these creatures. This is where I can help and fixation strap

How to extract venom

viper venom has a pronounced haemolytic activity and is second only to cobra venom toxicity. When this snake bites introduces 50 mg of venom, and without timely and proper treatment are cases of death. Venom is obtained by means of mechanical "milking" - massage venom glands. After it is used to prepare antidotal serum and, more importantly, for the manufacture of various medicines. According to its special properties viper venom is superior to most poisons viper snakes

How to extract venom

The Serpentarium poison snakes gather once in 2-3 weeks. Obtained from small snake venom of 20-40 mg (dry or as is also said crystalline weight), from large - at 50-300 mg per yadovzyatie (e.g., 300 mg - from viper, 194 - from cobra 137 - from copperhead snake , 50 - from the f-holes)

How to extract venom

When a snake bite in any case can not apply a tourniquet! Firstly, it does not prevent the penetration of poison into the overlying tissue, and secondly, burn, especially when viper bites and viper pinch vessels contributes to further metabolism in tissues affected limb. The result strengthens the processes of necrosis and decay, which is fraught with severe complications. Cauterization of the bite is inefficient because the length of poisonous snakes teeth sometimes reaches more than a centimeter. Poison penetrates deep into the tissue, and surface burning is not able to destroy it. And on the spot cautery formed a scab, under which started festering. Remember the main thing - the person after being bitten by a snake you need to how to get to a hospital as soon as possible, even if it seems that the danger is past